|type of school||Humanistic high school|
|student||541 (school year 2017/18)|
The Staatliche Wilhelmsgymnasium is a grammar school in Munich and the oldest grammar school in Upper Bavaria . The humanistic grammar school has 541 students (school year 2017/18). According to the 2005 class tests by the Bavarian Ministry of Education and Cultural Affairs , the grammar school is one of the best in Bavaria in terms of learning success, environment and performance.
The Wilhelmsgymnasium is located in the Munich district of Lehel , Thierschstrasse 46, at the corner of Maximilianstrasse , directly at the Maxmonument . The government of Upper Bavaria and the Bavarian State Parliament ( Maximilianeum ) are in the immediate vicinity of the grammar school.
The Wilhelmsgymnasium, founded by Albrecht V in 1559 as the “Paedagogium”, was called the “Old Gymnasium” or “ Old Academy ” from 1824 and was finally named in 1849 after Wilhelm V , Albrecht's successor . Until the Jesuit ban was introduced in 1773, the grammar school was run by the Jesuit order , which is still in contact with the school.
The school was originally located in the Jesuit monastery on Neuhauser Strasse , but then had to move into emergency accommodation in the Alter Hof when the former Jesuit college was needed for the university that was moved from Ingolstadt to Munich . It was not until 1830 that the grammar school was able to move into a converted baroque house at Herzogspitalstrasse 18.
After the rooms at Herzogspitalstrasse 18 had become too small, a new building was necessary. The criticism of the unreasonable conditions of the temporary accommodation and the requirements of a more comprehensive concept of education accelerated the project in the middle of the 19th century. With financial support from King Ludwig II , the new building in the style of the neo-renaissance facade in Lehel in Munich was built according to the plans of Carl von Leimbach from 1875 to 1877.
In the Second World War severely damaged the Wilhelmsgymnasium was 1952-1958 rebuilt changed. Girls have been admitted ( co-education ) since the early 1970s . At the end of the 1980s, the shape and color of the stairwell was reconstructed. The school yard was redesigned and in 2006 a new common room was created for the G8 students.
From August 2015 to 2018, the building was gutted as part of a comprehensive renovation and, with the exception of the listed facade and the staircase, completely renovated. In the course of the renovation work, a sports hall below the schoolyard and a new floor above the east wing of the building were created. During the renovation period, lessons at the Wilhelmsgymnasium were relocated to a container castle in the vicinity of the Chinese Tower in the English Garden .
For the building, which was erected between 1875 and 1877, the architect Carl von Leimbach tried to bring function and form to a harmonious unit. “Quiet, space, air, light” seemed to be essential for an educational institution. At the same time, the architect considered the recourse to medieval styles to be inappropriate in order to emphasize the Bavarian-style humanistic educational concept ; therefore he decided against the so-called Maximilian style based on Gothic elements and in favor of the neo -Renaissance style . This break with the architectural concept of Maximilianstrasse became possible because King Ludwig II had different interests than his father King Maximilian II .
The building has the shape of an L , a north-south wing and a west-east wing connected to it in the south. It consists of a basement, ground floor and three floors with around ten classrooms each. In the south wing there is a physics room (ground floor), the library (first floor), the music room (second floor) and the art room (third floor). At the end of the east wing there is the bicycle cellar, two sports halls (ground floor and 2nd floor) and the staff room (with administration wing, directorate, etc., 1st floor).
The 21 mighty statues in a 30-meter-long corridor are copies of figures from the Temple of Zeus in ancient Olympia , which were exhibited in the Deutsches Museum in 1972 , disappeared in a warehouse in 1976 and are now on permanent loan to the Wilhelmsgymnasium.
Library of the Wilhelmsgymnasium
Since the foundation of the Jesuit College in 1559, the library has been richly equipped for teaching through donations and acquisitions. It still contains numerous works from the early days of the printing press , especially first editions by classical authors. Until secularization , the holdings in many areas of knowledge were continuously supplemented and updated. One focus remained on ancient literature, with numerous works of neo-Latin poetry, especially since two of the main representatives, Jakob Bidermann (1578–1639) and Jakob Balde (1603–1669), were teachers at the school. Also represented is German literature from the Baroque to Romanticism , geography , natural sciences , Bavarian and European history as well as travel literature from three centuries.
The library contains around 11,000 volumes, of which, however, 20 to 30 percent require measures for conservation or restoration. Outsourcing in the last months of the war and improper accommodation even after the end of the war led to various forms of mechanical or chemical damage: moisture, fungus and mite infestation and other unfavorable influences had a sometimes devastating effect on the most valuable volumes. Since March 2000 the grammar school has taken the first steps towards a comprehensive renovation on its own initiative. Thanks to donations from the association and the help of the parents' council, the works are constantly being restored and maintained. For example, through bookkeeping, a number of mechanically damaged books have now been restored or rebound.
The Wilhelmsgymnasium was founded in 1559 by Duke Albrecht V “not only” as a “common children's school” but as a “pedagogy”. It was given its current name in 1849 after its supposed founder, Duke Wilhelm V. Characterized by the pedagogical sensitivity, the cosmopolitan humanism and the deep religiosity of the Jesuits , who ran the school until the abolition of the order in 1773, strong literary (e.g. center of neo-Latin literature: J. Bidermann , J. Balde ) and educational reform ( FW Thiersch : "Praeceptor Bavariae") impulses. The precious books in the old library still bear witness to this tradition.
Since it was founded in 1559, the Wilhelmsgymnasium has adhered to the humanistic educational tradition through the ages. Today this means: Latin is the first foreign language to be used in the fifth grade, English follows in the sixth, Greek in the eighth and a Romance language (currently Italian) is offered in the tenth. With almost 100 new students, as many students attended the school year 2010/11 and 2011/12 as had not been in the fifth grade for a long time.
School management and college
- Lorenz Englmann (director from 1872, classical philologist and textbook author)
- Johann Adlzreiter von Tettenweis (1596–1662), confidante of Maximilian I.
- Joseph Franz von Allioli
- Karl of Amira
- Eusebius Amort
- Karl-Ernst Apfelbacher
- Maximilian from and to Arco-Valley
- Anton von Aretin (1918–1981), Member of the Bundestag, Member of the Bundestag
- Carl Anton von Barth (1758–1797), mayor of Munich and landscape chancellor
- Hans Baur (actor)
- Johannes R. Becher
- Lukas Beikircher
- Paul Ben-Haim
- Roland Berger
- Otto von Bray-Steinburg
- Carl Friedrich Canstatt
- Philipp Crone (* 1977), field hockey world champion in 2002 and 2006
- Felix Dahn
- Anton Diabelli
- Johann Georg von Dillis
- Harald Dohrn
- Walter dagger
- Hans von Euler-Chelpin (1873–1964), chemist, Nobel Prize 1929
- Murad Ferid
- Lion Feuchtwanger
- Johann Anton II. Von Freyberg (1674–1757), Prince-Bishop of the Eichstätt Monastery
- Franz Xaver Gabelsberger
- Rupert Gebhard
- Andreas Grote (1929–2015), art historian
- Emil Julius Gumbel (1891–1966), professor of statistics ( extreme value theory ) and pacifist
- Hugo von Habermann
- Franz Xaver von Haeberl (1759–1846), German physician
- Sigmund von Haimhausen
- George W. Hallgarten
- Karl Felix Halm
- Daniel Bonifaz von Haneberg (1816–1876), Benedictine, orientalist, bishop in Speyer
- Ernst Hanfstaengl
- Klaus Haniel
- Joseph of Hazzi
- Heinrich Himmler
- Max Hirmer
- Max Hirschberg
- Ödön from Horváth
- Götz Hueck
- Aegidius Jais (1750–1822), Benedictine priest, Roman Catholic theologian and university professor
- Jonas Kaufmann
- Franz von Kobell
- Wiguläus von Kreittmayr
- Hans Kröner
- Konrad Kruis
- Walther of La Roche
- Max Lebsche
- Odilo Lechner
- Heinrich List (1915–2018), judge
- Golo man
- Klaus Mann
- Konrad von Maurer
- Sebastian Mayer (1773–1835), singer, composer and director
- Wilhelm Mayer (1863–1925), lawyer and writer
- Anton Mayer-Pfannholz
- Karl Meichelbeck (1669–1734), Benedictine, Freising historiographer
- Alfred Meyer (1848–1903), officer
- Karl Alexander von Müller
- Joseph Anton von Mussinan (1766–1837), judge, historical writer
- Julian Nida-Rümelin
- Julius von Niethammer
- Andreas Felix von Oefele (1706–1780), historian and librarian
- August of Parseval
- Max von Pettenkofer
- Eduard Poschinger von Frauenau
- Hans von Pranckh
- Katia Pringsheim (as external)
- Klaus Pringsheim
- Walter Raechl
- Erich von Redwitz (1883–1964), surgeon, president of the German Society for Surgery
- Karl August von Reisach (1800–1869), Archbishop of Munich, Cardinal to the Curia.
- Adrian von Riedl
- Richard Riemerschmid (1868–1957), architect
- August von Rothmund (1830–1906), ophthalmologist, university professor
- Hubert Ritter
- Kurt von Ruffin
- Johann Michael Sailer
- Friedrich von Schenk (1785–1866), general administrator of the Bavarian salt pans
- Johann Andreas Schmeller
- Ludwig Schöberlein (1813–1881), theologian, university professor, Dept.
- Gustav Seibt
- Alois Senefelder
- Ludwig Spaenle
- Carl Spitzweg
- Friedrich Julius Stahl (1802–1861), legal philosopher (constitutional state), MdHH
- Ludwig Steub
- Gunnar B. Stickler
- Wolfgang Stromer von Reichenbach (1922–1999), technology and economic historian
- Ludwig Thoma
- Wilhelm Troll
- Joseph von Utzschneider
- Carl von Voit
- Otto Wahl (* 1932), theologian
- Konstantin Wecker
- Johann Nepomuk von Wening-Ingenheim (1790–1831), lawyer and university professor
- Lorenz Westenrieder
- Georg Westermayer (1836–1893), historian, poet and Roman Catholic clergyman
- Joseph Gerhard Zuccarini
- Paul Joachimsen: From the past of the Munich Wilhelmsgymnasium on the three hundred and fiftieth anniversary of the founding year . R. Oldenbourg, Munich (no year  with a contribution "The Last Half Century" by Eduard von Welz).
- Andreas Kraus : The Jesuit grammar school in Munich and the Bavarian Academy of Sciences . In: Wolf D. Gruner (Ed.): Region - Territory - National State - Europe. Contributions to a European historical landscape. Festschrift for Ludwig Hammermayer on his 70th birthday on October 7, 1998 . Institute for Historical Studies «Rostock», Rostock 1998, p. 176–198 (Rostock contributions to German and European history; 4).
- Hansjörg Höhne, Konrad Kruis (Hrsg.): Zeit der Bedrichtung, teacher at the Wilhelmsgymnasium 1933–1945 . Anton H. Konrad Verlag, Weissenhorn 1909.
- Andreas Kraus: The Jesuit high school in Munich (1559–1773). State-political, social-historical, administrative-historical and cultural-historical significance . CH Beck, Munich 2001, ISBN 3-406-10714-1 (series of publications on Bavarian national history, 133).
- Andreas Kraus: The Jesuit grammar school in Munich . In: Journal for Bavarian State History . tape 68 , 2005, p. 731-744 .
- Max Leitschuh (Ed.): The matriculations of the upper classes of the Wilhelmsgymnasium in Munich. Four volumes . Commission for Bavarian State History, Munich (writings of the Wilhelmsgymnasium in Munich, 1970–1976).
- Rolf Selbmann: 430 years of Wilhelmsgymnasium. A piece of Bavarian cultural history. Published by the Bavarian Insurance Chamber on the occasion of the exhibition "430 Years of Wilhelmsgymnasium" from April 14th to May 13th 1989 . Self-published, Munich 1989.
- Rolf Selbmann: From the Jesuit college to the humanistic grammar school. On the history of German teaching in Bavaria between the Counter Reformation and the present at the Wilhelmsgymnasium in Munich (= contributions to the history of German teaching . No. 26 ). Peter Lang, Frankfurt am Main / Berlin / Bern etc. 1996, ISBN 3-631-48379-1 .
- Hansjörg Höhne, Konrad Kruis (Ed.): Time of distress. Teacher at the Wilhelmsgymnasium in Munich 1933–1945 . Anton H. Konrad Verlag, Weißenhorn 2009, ISBN 978-3-87437-541-2 .
- Wilhelmsgymnasium Munich (Ed.): Program of the Wilhelmsgymnasium in Munich . Munich 1850–1919 ( digitized year 1878; 1882; 1884; 1886; 1888–1889; 1893–1894; 1896–1897; 1900; 1902; 1904–1910; 1912; 1915)
- Wilhelmsgymnasium Munich (ed.): Programma Gymnasii Guilielmini Monacensis . Kutzner, Monachii 1879–1885 ( digitized version 1881; 1883; 1885)
- Wilhelmsgymnasium Munich (Hrsg.): Alphabet of the school. 450 years of Wilhelmsgymnasium Munich . Volk Verlag, Munich 2010, ISBN 978-3-937200-96-5 .
- Website of the State Wilhelmsgymnasium
- Research on the history of the Staatliches Wilhelmsgymnasium by Peter Kefes
- AZ series "Schools introduce themselves" (episode 6): Wilhelmsgymnasium ( Memento from March 8, 2005 in the Internet Archive )
- Bavarian State Ministry for Education and Culture, Science and Art. Retrieved May 23, 2019 .
- Collected press sources from the former school-internal AK Humanistisches Gymnasium ( Memento from March 5, 2017 in the Internet Archive )
- See archiv.twoday.net with further links.
- Reiner Abenstein: Old Library . (Homepage of the Wilhelmsgymnasium Munich, accessed on November 4, 2018)
- Hansjörg Höhne, Konrad Kruis (Ed.): Time of Bedrerstand: Teacher at the Wilhelmsgymnasium in Munich; 1933-1945 . P. 259.