Max Hirmer

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Max Hirmer (born April 14, 1893 in Straubing ; † April 17, 1981 ) was a German botanist , publisher and photographer .

After graduating from the Wilhelmsgymnasium in Munich in 1913 , he studied archeology, art history and natural sciences.

Hirmer received his doctorate in Munich in 1917 and completed his habilitation there in 1922. He worked initially as a private lecturer, from 1927 as an extraordinary professor and since 1928 as a planned extraordinary professor at the University of Munich. His scientific focus was on paleobotany as well as morphology and tribal history. In 1936 he was retired because of “political unacceptability” and “towards an international scientific attitude”.

As a photographer, Hirmer was mainly active in the field of art and archeology. In 1948 he and his wife Aenne (1912–2017) founded the Hirmer Verlag (initially the Society for Scientific Photography ), which has since published numerous art- historical works and illustrated books, including the 1955 published with Kurt Lange and repeatedly reissued and improved Egypt . Architecture, sculpture, painting in three millennia , whose photographs are by Hirmer himself.


  • To solve the problem of leaf positions . Fischer, Jena 1922.
  • Manual of paleobotany . Oldenbourg, Munich 1927.
  • with Eberhard Otto , Christiane Desroches-Noblecourt : Egypt: Architecture, Sculpture, Painting in Three Millennia. Fourth, revised and very expanded edition. Hirmer, Munich 1967.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. An impressive woman from Munich: Mourning for Aenne Hirmer. In: TZ Munich. July 10, 2017, accessed May 14, 2020 .