Heinrich Bulle (archaeologist)

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Heinrich Bulle (born December 11, 1867 in Bremen , † April 6, 1945 in Kohlgrub , Garmisch-Partenkirchen district ) was a German classical archaeologist .

Heinrich Bulle (1939)


Heinrich Bulle was born as the son of the cathedral preacher Ernst Bulle and his wife Lina, nee Weismann. After attending the old grammar school in Bremen, he studied classical archeology in Freiburg im Breisgau and above all in Munich . In Munich, was Henry Bull, the last graduate student Heinrich Brunn , in which he in 1893 with his work The Silene in the archaic art of the Greeks doctorate was. In 1893/94 he received a travel grant from the German Archaeological Institute , and since 1894 assistant at the Archaeological Seminar in Munich. There habilitated bull at Adolf Furtwängler in 1898 with a dissertation on Greek statue bases.

From 1898 to 1902 Heinrich Bulle taught on behalf of the University of Würzburg , in 1902 received a call as associate professor in Erlangen and in 1908 returned to Würzburg as a full professor . Here, as a university teacher, sensitive researcher and head of the antiquities collection of the Martin von Wagner Museum , he was still very effective even after his retirement in 1935.

When Würzburg was destroyed in March 1945, Bulle lost all of his books and manuscripts. After his death on April 6, 1945, Heinrich Bulle was buried in the Rochus cemetery in Kohlgrub in the Garmisch-Partenkirchen district.


Heinrich Bulle was best known for his first published work in 1898 and revised in the second edition in 1912, The Beautiful Man in Antiquity (3rd unchanged edition in 1922), which opened up the understanding of ancient art, especially Greek sculpture, to wide circles. For the archaeologist, too, the book with its rich visual material remained a reliable means of information for a long time. It did not want to be an art history of antiquity in the true sense, but rather aimed to show the way in which individual themes of ancient sculpture were treated and changed.

Also among the smaller writings of Heinrich Bulles, topics on Greek sculpture occupy the most prestigious place: e.g. B. The Sami group of the Myron. In: Festschrift Paul Arndt (1925) 62 ff., The east gable of the Temple of Zeus at Olympia. In: Yearbook of the German Archaeological Institute 54 (1939) 137 ff., Or Zum Pothos des Skopas. In: Yearbook of the German Archaeological Institute 56 (1941) 121 ff.

A second area in which Heinrich Bulle worked with great success as a researcher was the history of ancient theater. Here he tried to gain a clear idea of what was lost by interpreting the monuments and the dramas: Investigations at Greek theaters , AbhMünchen 33 (1928); The Theater zu Sparta , SBMünchen (1937); A Skenographie Berliner Winckelmannsprogramm 94 (1934) u. a.

Heinrich Bulle has also made a name for himself as an excavator of Bronze Age settlements, particularly in Orchomenos ( Boeotia ). But also provincial Roman captures his interest: Celtic bridal journey, Etruscan Hadesfahrt and the genius cucullatus (ÖJh. 35 (1943) 138 ff.) Or railroad tracks of antiquity (SBMünchen (1947) vol. 2.).

In 1913 the first volume of the handbook of archeology he edited appears .


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