Reinhard Herbig

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Reinhard Herbig (born February 23, 1898 in Munich , † September 29, 1961 in Rome ) was a German classical archaeologist .

The son of the linguist and Etruscanologist Gustav Herbig took part in the First World War, where he was wounded. From 1919 to 1925 he studied classical archeology at the Universities of Rostock , Breslau and Heidelberg . When Ludwig Curtius , he was in 1925 in Heidelberg with the work window in architecture doctorate. From 1925 to 1928 Herbig was a scientific assistant at the German Archaeological Institute in Rome and worked under the direction of Friedrich Matz on the revision of the real catalog of the institute library. In 1928/29 he worked as a research assistant at the German Archaeological Institute in Athens with Ernst Buschor . In 1930, Arnold von Salis at the Archaeological Institute of Heidelberg University received his habilitation with The Doric Peripteros on Cape Sunion . In 1933 he became an associate professor at the Friedrich Schiller University in Jena and in 1936 a full professor at the Julius Maximilians University of Würzburg . From 1936 to 1941 he was also director of the antique collection of the Martin von Wagner Museum in Würzburg . In 1939 he turned down a call to the University of Göttingen . In 1941 he moved to Heidelberg as a full professor. There he was rector in 1954/55. From 1956 until his death in 1961 Herbig was the first director of the Rome department of the German Archaeological Institute . From 1958 to 1961 he was also an honorary professor in Heidelberg. In 1959 he was honored with the Great Cross of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany. Herbig became a member of the Heidelberg Academy of Sciences in 1943 and was its president in 1953/54. In 1952 he became a member of the Istituto di Studi Etruschi Florence. Herbig was also a member of the Pontificia Accademia Romana di Archeologia and, since 1934, the Central Directorate of the German Archaeological Institute.

Herbig dealt with numerous areas of ancient art. The focus was on Roman wall painting , Roman portraits and Etruscan art . His pan studies were of fundamental importance . Based on this, he succeeded in the only convincing interpretation of Luca Signorelli's Pan painting, which was burned in 1945.

Herbig had been married to a daughter of the classical philologist Wilhelm Kroll since 1924 .


  • The terracotta group of Diana with the deer calf (= treatises of the Heidelberg Academy of Sciences. Philosophical-Historical Class. Born 1956, Abh. 3, ISSN  0017-9574 ). Winter, Heidelberg 1956.
  • On the meaning of Etruscan Fler- (= meeting reports of the Heidelberg Academy of Sciences. Philosophical-historical class. Born 1950, Abh. 1, ISSN  0933-6613 ). Winter, Heidelberg 1950.
  • Pan, the Greek goat god. Attempt a monograph. Klostermann, Frankfurt am Main 1949.
  • Gods and demons of the Etruscans (= Der Kunstspiegel. An iconographic series of publications. Volume 3, ZDB -ID 532689-8 ). Scherer, Willsbach et al. 1948.


Web links


  1. Reinhard Herbig: Investigations on the Doric peripteral temple at Cape Sunion. In: Communications from the German Archaeological Institute, Athenian Department. 66, 1941, pp. 87-133.