Principality of Serbia

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Principality of Serbia
Кнежевина Србија
Kneževina Srbija
1833 –1882
Flag of the Principality of Serbia Coat of arms of the Principality of Serbia
flag coat of arms
Supposed Flag of the House of Crnojevic.svg
Flag of the Ottoman Empire.svg
navigation Flag of Serbia (1882–1918) .svg
Official language Serbian
Capital Kragujevac , Belgrade
Form of government principality
Form of government monarchy
Head of state Prince
- 1878 to 1883

47,900 km²
- 1817
- 1878

- 1882

De facto independence.
International recognition through the Berlin Congress.
Conversion to kingdom
Mapa Srbije 1878-1912.PNG
Territory of the Principality of Serbia at the time of its greatest expansion: between 1878 and the elevation to the Kingdom of 1882

The Principality of Serbia ( Serbian Кнежевина Србија Kneževina Srbija ) was an area in the Balkans that belonged to the Ottoman Empire . Between 1804 and 1815 this part of the country was granted limited autonomy under a prince as a result of the first and second Serbian uprisings against Turkish rule by the Ottoman Empire.


The Belgrade Paschaluk
Principality of Serbia (1833–1878)

As a result of the Second Serbian Uprising, the Ottoman vizier in Belgrade, Marašli Ali Paša, first recognized the later Prince Miloš Obrenović as supreme Knez , who was elected hereditary prince in a popular assembly on November 6, 1817. With a document from August 1830, Sultan Mahmud II recognized Obrenović as prince of the Serbs and with another document from November 1833 the autonomy rights of the principality were specified. Miloš Obrenović was the first recognized monarch of the Principality of Serbia. Thus the principality was de facto independent.

Initially, the territory of the principality was relatively small, the area was limited to the Paschaluk Belgrade . In the years 1831–1833 it was expanded to the east, south and west.

With the Berlin Congress in 1878, the principality achieved its full independence through international recognition. On March 6, 1882, it was converted into the Kingdom of Serbia .


The Principality of Serbia carried the coat of arms of the medieval Serbian Empire .

It consisted of a French shield with a common silver cross in the red field and with a fire steel each in the four corner fields formed by the bars of the cross. The shield was surrounded by a laurel and oak wreath, covered with a hermelin-trimmed purple cloak and topped with a closed princely crown with an orb and a cross.

The silver cross in the red field with a fire steel in each of the four corner fields is also known as the Serbian cross .


The principality was ruled by the Obrenović family between 1842 and 1858 . The regents were:


  • Felix Kanitz : The Kingdom of Serbia and the Serbian People. From Roman times to the present . B. Meyer, Leipzig 1904.

Individual evidence

  1. Imbro Tkalac-Ignjatijevic: The constitutional law of the principality of Serbia. Breitkopf & Härtel, Leipzig 1858.

Web links