Charles Sumner

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Charles Sumner
Sumner's signature

Charles Sumner (born January 6, 1811 in Boston , Massachusetts , † March 11, 1874 in Washington, DC ) was an American politician. He was a Senator from Massachusetts.


Sumner attended Harvard University and taught since 1836 at the Harvard Law School , the law of the United States and the international law . From 1837 to 1840 Sumner toured England , Germany , France and Italy . After he returned to Boston, he resumed his legal practice and published an edition of Veseys Reports in 20 volumes with James Charles Perkins from 1844 to 1846 .

Memorial to Charles Sumner in Cambridge

Sumner joined the Whig Party in 1845 but switched to the Free Soil Party in 1848 and was elected to the US Senate in 1851 . Here he distinguished himself as an excellent speaker and consistent opponent of slavery . In his speech about the conditions of the slaves in Kansas in May 1856 he attacked the conditions in the southern USA so sharply that he was attacked and seriously injured by the representative of South Carolina , Preston Brooks , after the meeting. Sumner then went to Europe and did not rejoin the Senate until 1859. He was then Chairman of the Senate Committee on Foreign Affairs and played during the American Civil War a prominent role in federal legislation. In 1865 he was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences .

In his treatise, The Case of the United States , Sumner took an extremely hostile attitude towards England on the Alabama question . Although he had initially supported Ulysses S. Grant's election in 1868, he soon became one of his fiercest opponents. He then stood up for Horace Greeley as a presidential candidate and still enforced civil equality for African Americans in the Senate .

Charles Sumner died of a heart attack in Washington on March 11, 1874 . He was laid out in the rotunda of the United States Capitol . He is buried in Mount Auburn Cemetery in Cambridge, Massachusetts .

Posthumous honors

After Sumner are named:


Web links

Commons : Charles Sumner  - collection of images, videos and audio files
Wikisource: Charles Sumner  - Sources and full texts (English)