Artur Grottger

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Self-portrait 1867, National Museum Warsaw

Artur Grottger (born November 11, 1837 in Ottyniowice , ( Galicia ), † December 13, 1867 in Amélie-les-Bains-Palalda , Département Pyrénées-Orientales ) was a Polish painter and draftsman.


Grottger's grave in the Lychakiv Cemetery in Lviv

Artur Grottger began his studies at home and later went to Vienna , where he became a student of Karl von Blaas at the art academy . His ingenious talent, enhanced by patriotic enthusiasm, was revealed early on in a cycle of charcoal drawings that dealt with the failed January uprising in his home country and recall Jan Matejko in the passionate description .

Grottger died four weeks after his 30th birthday on December 13, 1867 in the Pyrenees bath Amélie-les-Bains-Palalda. His drawings (partly in the possession of Count Pálffy ) have been reproduced photographically.


Young girl, National Museum Warsaw
Phryne 1867, National Museum Warsaw
The bound Poland . From the cycle "Polonia" (1863)
Artur Grottger Monument in Kraków ( Cracow )


  • Constantin von Wurzbach : Grottger, Arthur . In: Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich . 11th part. Imperial-Royal Court and State Printing Office, Vienna 1864, p. 420 f. ( Digitized version ).
  • Artur Grottger: In the valley of tears. [Explanatory words from HM]. Angerer, Vienna 1875.
  • Alfred von Wurzbach (text): Arthur Grottger's sketch book . Miethke, Vienna 1875.
  • FM Aren (Karoline von Gizycka-Gosdowa): Arthur Grottger. A reminiscence . Rosner, Vienna 1878.
  • Hyacinth HollandGrottger, Arthur . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 9, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1879, p. 784. * Lituania. Artura Grottgera album. Sześć obrazów z objaśnieniami . (Lituania. Artur Grottger's album.). Kraków, Latarnia 1904.
  • Frantisek Táborský: Arthur Grottger, jeho laśka a dílo; z jeho deníků a listů památníků jeho snoubenky. (Arthur Grottger. Son amour et son oeuvre). Praha: Orbis, 1933 (Praće slovanského ústavu, 10).
  • Grottger, Artur. In: Austrian Biographical Lexicon 1815–1950 (ÖBL). Volume 2, Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Vienna 1959, p. 79.
  • Mariusz Bryl: Artur Grottger (1837–1867) between national and artistic identity . In: Art and national Identity in Poland and England (1996), pp. 84-95.

Web links

Commons : Artur Grottger  - album with pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. In the valley of tears . In: Ludwig Cabinet: Photographische Correspondenz , 5th year, 1868, pp. 213–214. It's about reproductions of originals that Ludwig Angerer made after buying them from the family.