Galleria Vittorio Emanuele II
The Galleria Vittorio Emanuele II (German Viktor-Emanuel-Galerie ) in Milan is a shopping gallery from the 19th century named after Victor Emanuel II , the Unifier and King of Italy . The opening by the king took place on September 15, 1867.
The gallery is located right next to the Milan Cathedral in the Piazza del Duomo , to which it opens to the south with a final triumphal arch . On the opposite north side is the Piazza della Scala . A similar shopping gallery was opened twenty years later with the Galleria Umberto I in Naples .
The buildings, designed by architect Giuseppe Mengoni in 1864, are lavishly decorated with stucco , frescoes and marble . The passage consists of two arms that cross each other and are spanned by a barrel-shaped glass roof. At the intersection of the galleries there is an octagonal square 39 meters in diameter. The glass dome over this octagon reaches a height of 47 meters. The coats of arms of the four Italian cities of Rome , Florence , Turin and Milan are reproduced in four large mosaics in the floor . The furnishing with paintings and symbols make the ensemble "a bearer of the meaning of a national consciousness that had shortly before reached its goal with the proclamation of the Italian state (1859)".
The gallery is primarily home to elegant and high-priced shops such as Prada , Armani , Versace , Gucci and Louis Vuitton , as well as gastronomy known beyond Milan, such as the Savini restaurant or the Camparino bar of Gaspare Campari . The Town House Galleria hotel was opened in the middle section in 2007 .
Mosaic Europe by Angelo Pietrasanta
- Galeries Royales Saint-Hubert (Dutch: Sint-Hubertusgalerij, also Koninginnegalerij or Galerie de la Reine) in Brussels
- Passage in St. Petersburg
- A similar shopping gallery was opened twenty years later with the Galleria Umberto I in Naples .
- Okelle Monferrato is a commercial building (Okelle) built on the model of the Galleria Vittorio Emanuele II, which is one of the largest commercial buildings in the city of Alexandria .
- Franz Wallner : The permanent world exhibition of the new Italy . In: The Gazebo . Issue 46, 1867, pp. 732-734 ( full text [ Wikisource ]).
- Galleria Vittorio Emanuele II - Ottagono . Milan Tourist Office
- Heinz Schomann : Lombardy. Art monuments and museums (Reclam's art guide vol. 1,1), Stuttgart: Reclam, 1981, pp. 231-233.