Johann Kaspar Aiblinger

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Johann Kaspar Aiblinger

Johann Kaspar Aiblinger , also Johann Caspar Aiblinger (born February 23, 1779 in Wasserburg am Inn , † May 6, 1867 in Munich ) was a German composer and conductor .


Born the son of a shopkeeper , he studied music in Munich and Bergamo at the (today's) Wilhelmsgymnasium Munich after graduating from high school in 1798 . One of his teachers there was Johann Simon Mayr .

He stayed in Italy until 1819, primarily in Vicenza , Milan and Venice , before taking up a job in Munich, where he later worked. He was Kapellmeister at the "Italian Opera" until its dissolution. In 1823 he was appointed vice conductor at the Royal Court and National Theater and was appointed court conductor there in 1826. After a stay in Italy he worked at the Allerheiligen-Hofkirche in Munich. Retired in 1864, he died in Munich in 1867.

Aiblinger created primarily church music , such as masses , Vespers , litanies , pastorals , but also operas , ballets and choral works . For example, he created choirs for female voices. His works can be assigned to both the Classical and the Romantic periods . Many of his compositions combine elements of romanticism with those of church music. He is considered to be one of the representatives of the restoration in church music.

His Bavarian military prayer is still part of the Bavarian special form of the Great Zapfenstreich (instead of the chorale I pray to the power of love ) and the pledge , where it is played instead of the old Dutch prayer of thanks .


Grave of Johann Kaspar Aiblinger on the old southern cemetery in Munich location

The grave of Johann Kaspar Aiblinger is on the Old Southern Cemetery in Munich (Gräberfeld 16, Row 2, Platz 3) location .

Works (selection)

  • Measure up:
    • Mass in A major for soprano, alto, choir and organ
    • Missa Advocata nostra , including: harp exhibition , for 3-voiced women (boys) -Chor, solo harp, organ, cello and double bass (Ed Bishop Alois Kirchberger, Edition Brand, Ebersberg..)
    • Christmas mass solos, harp, organ, double bass and violoncello
  • Pastoral in G major
  • Bavarian military prayer
  • Rodrige and Chimäne
  • Requiem in D minor
  • Salve Regina in E major
  • Marienlieder , 2-3 female voices, piano / harmonium
  • Mount of Olives Music , SAB, orchestra
  • Jesus on the Mount of Olives, Passion prayer , SATB, organ (Verlag Anton Böhm & Sohn, Augsburg / Vienna)


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Max Leitschuh: The matriculations of the upper classes of the Wilhelmsgymnasium in Munich (4 vols.). Munich 1970–1976, Vol. 2, p. 208.