Glarus


from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Glarus
Coat of arms of Glarus
State : SwitzerlandSwitzerland Switzerland
Canton : Canton of GlarusCanton of Glarus Glarus (GL)
District : No district division
BFS no. : 1632i1 f3 f4
Postal code : 8750 Glarus
8750 Klöntal
8750 Riedern
8754 Netstal
8755 Ennenda
UN / LOCODE : CH GLA
Coordinates : 723 766  /  211 267 coordinates: 47 ° 2 '27 "  N , 9 ° 4' 2"  O ; CH1903:  723,766  /  211 267
Height : 474  m above sea level M.
Height range : 444–2914 m above sea level M.
Area : 103.67  km²
Residents: i12,426 (December 31, 2018)
Population density : 120 inhabitants per km²
Mayor : Christian Marti ( FDP )
Website: www.gemeinde.glarus.ch
View of Glarus

View of Glarus

Location of the municipality
Garichtistausee Klöntalersee Limmerensee Muttsee Obersee (Glarus) Oberblegisee Spaneggsee Wägitalersee Walensee Zürichsee Kanton Graubünden Kanton St. Gallen Kanton Schwyz Kanton Uri Kanton Zürich Glarus Glarus Nord Glarus SüdMap of Glarus
About this picture
w
Coat of arms of the local community existing until December 31, 2010

The city of Glarus (local Swiss German Glaris [glɑrɪs] , French Glaris , Italian Glarona , Rhaeto-Romanic Glaruna ? / I ) is a political municipality (until 2010 local municipality, today a unified municipality ) and the capital of the Swiss canton of the same name, Glarus . Audio file / audio sample

As part of the Glarus community reform , Glarus merged on January 1, 2011 with the communities Ennenda , Netstal and Riedern to form the new political community of Glarus .

geography

Historical aerial photo from 1000 m by Walter Mittelholzer from 1923

Glarus is located in the geographical center of the canton of the same name on the Linth and at the foot of the 2300 m high Vorderglärnisch . The highest point of the municipality is the 2914 m high Bächistock, which belongs to the Glärnisch massif . Neighboring communities are the communities Glarus Nord , Glarus Süd as well as Muotathal and Innerthal (both canton Schwyz ).

Climate table

Glarus, 1981-2010
Climate diagram
J F. M. A. M. J J A. S. O N D.
 
 
86
 
3
-4
 
 
85
 
4th
-3
 
 
105
 
9
1
 
 
97
 
14th
4th
 
 
130
 
19th
8th
 
 
168
 
21st
11
 
 
198
 
23
13
 
 
190
 
23
13
 
 
138
 
18th
10
 
 
96
 
14th
6th
 
 
108
 
8th
1
 
 
104
 
4th
-2
Temperature in ° Cprecipitation in mm
Source:
Average monthly temperatures and precipitation for Glarus, 1981–2010
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max. Temperature ( ° C ) 2.6 4.1 9.0 13.9 18.8 21.3 23.4 22.5 18.4 14.0 7.6 3.7 O 13.3
Min. Temperature (° C) −3.6 −2.9 0.5 3.8 8.1 11.1 13.2 13.0 9.8 6.0 1.0 −2.2 O 4.9
Temperature (° C) −0.7 0.4 4.5 8.7 13.2 16.0 18.0 17.3 13.8 9.7 4.0 0.6 O 8.8
Precipitation ( mm ) 86 85 105 97 130 168 198 190 138 96 108 104 Σ 1,505
Hours of sunshine ( h / d ) 2.0 2.4 2.8 4.1 4.9 5.1 5.5 5.0 3.5 2.8 2.0 1.6 O 3.5
Rainy days ( d ) 10.6 9.4 12.3 11.9 13.8 14.2 14.6 14.6 11.7 9.7 10.9 10.5 Σ 144.2
Humidity ( % ) 82 78 73 68 71 74 75 78 81 81 82 83 O 77.2
T
e
m
p
e
r
a
t
u
r
2.6
−3.6
4.1
−2.9
9.0
0.5
13.9
3.8
18.8
8.1
21.3
11.1
23.4
13.2
22.5
13.0
18.4
9.8
14.0
6.0
7.6
1.0
3.7
−2.2
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
N
i
e
d
e
r
s
c
h
l
a
g
86
85
105
97
130
168
198
190
138
96
108
104
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Source:

history

The place Clarona is mentioned for the first time in writing in the 8th century in a life story of Saints Felix and Regula . The name probably goes back to a Latin basic form * ad clārōnam "at the bright spot", in the figurative sense "forest clearing".

Until the end of the 14th century, large parts of the Glarus region belonged to the manorial power of the Säckingen monastery , until the inhabitants bought themselves out of it. The first Landsgemeinde took place in 1387 , an institution that still exists here today and is usually held on the first Sunday in May. Glarus became the capital of the Linth Valley by resolution of the Landsgemeinde in 1419, as the only church in the valley stood here for a long time. Between 1506 and 1516 Ulrich Zwingli , who later became a reformer, was a popular Catholic priest in Glarus. From 1522 to 1555 Valentin Tschudi was the first Protestant pastor, a moderate reformer and mediator between the two denominations. From 1555 to 1570, Fridolin Brunner followed as pastor, who had previously carried out the Reformation in several Glarus villages.

During the Helvetic Republic (1798–1803), Glarus was the capital of the canton of Linth.

In 1861 a devastating major fire raged , which destroyed large parts of the village. Only a few buildings from the time before the fire remained in the cityscape. The reconstruction took place very quickly according to an urban plan based on a rectangular grid. This type of urban planning, known mainly from the United States, was chosen to prevent further conflagrations of this kind.

politics

Christian Marti ( FDP ) was confirmed in office in the municipal council elections on March 4, 2018. In addition to him, the municipality council has six other members. The new municipality of Glarus forms a district electoral district that provides 19 of the 60 Glarus district administrators.

economy

The once important textile industry has almost completely disappeared. Today the wood and plastics industry as well as fabric and book printing predominate . The service sector has become the most important industry. The largest employer today is the cantonal hospital with around 450 jobs. Tourism is also gaining in importance.

Attractions

Town twinning

Personalities

Trivia

The only recruiting office for the Pontifical Swiss Guard that is operated by a private personnel agency is located in Glarus .

Web links

Commons : Glarus  - Collection of images, videos and audio files
Wikivoyage: Glarus  - travel guide
Wiktionary: Glarus  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

  1. Permanent and non-permanent resident population by year, canton, district, municipality, population type and gender (permanent resident population). In: bfs. admin.ch . Federal Statistical Office (FSO), August 31, 2019, accessed on December 22, 2019 .
  2. Numbers and facts , website of the municipality of Glarus, accessed on June 8, 2011.
  3. a b Lexicon of Swiss municipality names . Edited by the Center de Dialectologie at the University of Neuchâtel under the direction of Andres Kristol. Frauenfeld / Lausanne 2005, p. 392.
  4. Climate table. In: meteoschweiz.admin.ch. meteoschweiz, accessed on April 8, 2018 .
  5. ^ Leza Dosch: The train stations in Rapperswil SG and Glarus. (Swiss Art Guide, No. 895, Series 90). Ed.  Society for Swiss Art History GSK. Bern 2011, ISBN 978-3-03797-028-7 .
  6. ^ Partnership Association Wiesbaden-Biebrich - Glarus e. V.
  7. Contact addresses. In: www.schweizergarde.ch. Retrieved August 30, 2016 .