|Canton :||Glarus (GL)|
|District :||No district division|
|BFS no. :||1632|
|Postal code :||8750 Glarus
|UN / LOCODE :||CH GLA|
|Height range :||444–2914 m above sea level M.|
|Area :||103.67 km²|
|Residents:||12,426 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||120 inhabitants per km²|
|Mayor :||Christian Marti ( FDP )|
View of Glarus
|Location of the municipality|
The city of Glarus (local Swiss German Glaris [glɑrɪs] , French Glaris , Italian Glarona , Rhaeto-Romanic ) is a political municipality (until 2010 local municipality, today a unified municipality ) and the capital of the Swiss canton of the same name, Glarus .
Glarus is located in the geographical center of the canton of the same name on the Linth and at the foot of the 2300 m high Vorderglärnisch . The highest point of the municipality is the 2914 m high Bächistock, which belongs to the Glärnisch massif . Neighboring communities are the communities Glarus Nord , Glarus Süd as well as Muotathal and Innerthal (both canton Schwyz ).
Average monthly temperatures and precipitation for Glarus, 1981–2010
The place Clarona is mentioned for the first time in writing in the 8th century in a life story of Saints Felix and Regula . The name probably goes back to a Latin basic form * ad clārōnam "at the bright spot", in the figurative sense "forest clearing".
Until the end of the 14th century, large parts of the Glarus region belonged to the manorial power of the Säckingen monastery , until the inhabitants bought themselves out of it. The first Landsgemeinde took place in 1387 , an institution that still exists here today and is usually held on the first Sunday in May. Glarus became the capital of the Linth Valley by resolution of the Landsgemeinde in 1419, as the only church in the valley stood here for a long time. Between 1506 and 1516 Ulrich Zwingli , who later became a reformer, was a popular Catholic priest in Glarus. From 1522 to 1555 Valentin Tschudi was the first Protestant pastor, a moderate reformer and mediator between the two denominations. From 1555 to 1570, Fridolin Brunner followed as pastor, who had previously carried out the Reformation in several Glarus villages.
During the Helvetic Republic (1798–1803), Glarus was the capital of the canton of Linth.
In 1861 a devastating major fire raged , which destroyed large parts of the village. Only a few buildings from the time before the fire remained in the cityscape. The reconstruction took place very quickly according to an urban plan based on a rectangular grid. This type of urban planning, known mainly from the United States, was chosen to prevent further conflagrations of this kind.
Christian Marti ( FDP ) was confirmed in office in the municipal council elections on March 4, 2018. In addition to him, the municipality council has six other members. The new municipality of Glarus forms a district electoral district that provides 19 of the 60 Glarus district administrators.
The once important textile industry has almost completely disappeared. Today the wood and plastics industry as well as fabric and book printing predominate . The service sector has become the most important industry. The largest employer today is the cantonal hospital with around 450 jobs. Tourism is also gaining in importance.
- City church Glarus , landmark of the city (architect Ferdinand Stadler )
- Fridolinskirche, Catholic (1964, architect: Ernest Brantschen )
- St. Michael Castle Chapel
- The station and goods shed, locomotive shed and turntable
- Power plant on the Löntsch
- Kunsthaus Glarus
- State Library
Glarus with Glärnisch
- with Kobryn in Belarus , initiated by the former mayor Heinrich Aebli . General Suvorov had owned an estate in Kobryn , which stopped in 1799 in the Glarnerland.
- with Wiesbaden-Biebrich in Germany (since January 2009).
- Heinrich Aebli (* 1933), 1985–2002 mayor of Glarus, today development worker
- Mario Andreotti (* 1947), Germanist
- Joachim Bäldi (before 1527–1571), captain, land clerk, governor and governor
- Marcel Bernasconi (* 1940), jazz pianist
- Pierangelo Boog (* 1957), artist and illustrator
- Fridolin Brunner (1498–1570), reformer and Protestant pastor in Glarus 1555–1570
- Maria Anna Brunner (1655–1697), Benedictine and abbess
- Ernst Buss (1843–1928), Protestant clergyman, local researcher, founder of the German East Asia Mission and Vice President of the Swiss Alpine Club .
- Erwin C. Dietrich (1930–2018), actor, screenwriter, film producer and director, born in Glarus
- Cosmus Freuler (1780–1838), teacher, printer and librarian
- Friedrich Frey (1867–1933), archivist and local history researcher
- Frieda Gallati (1876–1955), historian
- Anna Göldi (1734–1782), “last witch of Europe”, executed in Glarus
- William Nicholas Hailmann , American educator
- Eveline Hasler (* 1933), writer
- Walter Haug (1927-2008), Medievalist
- Joachim Heer (1825–1879), Landammann and Federal Councilor
- Jodok Hösli (around 1592–1637), abbot of the Pfäfers monastery
- Heinrich Hössli (1784–1864), writer, champion of the "love of men"
- This Jenny (1952–2014), entrepreneur and politician
- Johann Melchior Kubli (1750–1835), politician, «whistleblower» of the Anna Göldi judicial murder
- Fritz Künzli (1946–2019), football player
- Bernhard Milt (1896–1956), doctor and medical historian
- Patrick Mitidieri (* 1975), rapper
- Innocenz Müller (1675–1727), librarian at the St. Gallen monastery
- Herbert Noser (* 1961), football player
- Yvan Pestalozzi (* 1937), iron sculptor
- Yves Rüedi (* 1976), federal judge
- Giaco Schiesser (* 1953), cultural scientist, philosopher, publicist
- Karl Schnyder (1931–2016), politician
- Urs Sonderegger (* 1964), racing car driver
- Willy Spieler (1937–2016), publicist, editor and politician
- Rösli Streiff (1901–1997), ski racer
- Aegidius Tschudi (1505–1572), historian and politician
- Johann Jakob von Tschudi (1818–1889), natural scientist, explorer, linguist and diplomat
- Rudolf Tschudi (1884–1960), philologist and orientalist
- Valentin Tschudi (1499–1555), reformer, first Protestant pastor of Glarus
- Sam Trümpy (1941–2003), jazz musician
- Jakob Wäch (1893–1918), painter
- Jürg Wickihalder (* 1973), jazz musician and composer
- Josua Zweifel (1854–1895), Africa explorer, discoverer of the Niger springs
- Ulrich Zwingli (1484–1531), reformer (1506–1516 pastor in Glarus)
The only recruiting office for the Pontifical Swiss Guard that is operated by a private personnel agency is located in Glarus .
- Official website of the municipality of Glarus
- Karin Marti-Weissenbach, Hans Laupper: Glarus (community). In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
- Permanent and non-permanent resident population by year, canton, district, municipality, population type and gender (permanent resident population). In: bfs. admin.ch . Federal Statistical Office (FSO), August 31, 2019, accessed on December 22, 2019 .
- Numbers and facts , website of the municipality of Glarus, accessed on June 8, 2011.
- Lexicon of Swiss municipality names . Edited by the Center de Dialectologie at the University of Neuchâtel under the direction of Andres Kristol. Frauenfeld / Lausanne 2005, p. 392.
- Climate table. In: meteoschweiz.admin.ch. meteoschweiz, accessed on April 8, 2018 .
- Leza Dosch: The train stations in Rapperswil SG and Glarus. (Swiss Art Guide, No. 895, Series 90). Ed. Society for Swiss Art History GSK. Bern 2011, ISBN 978-3-03797-028-7 .
- Partnership Association Wiesbaden-Biebrich - Glarus e. V.
- Contact addresses. In: www.schweizergarde.ch. Retrieved August 30, 2016 .