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Näfels coat of arms
State : SwitzerlandSwitzerland Switzerland
Canton : Canton of GlarusCanton of Glarus Glarus (GL)
District : No district divisionw
Political community : Glarus Northi2
Postal code : 8752
former BFS no. : 1619
Coordinates : 723 311  /  217 739 coordinates: 47 ° 5 '57 "  N , 9 ° 3' 47"  O ; CH1903:  723 311  /  two hundred seventeen thousand seven hundred thirty-nine
Height : 437  m above sea level M.
Area : 36.93  km²
Residents: 4021 (December 31, 2010)
Population density : 109 inhabitants per km²


Näfels (Switzerland)
w w
Parish before the merger on January 1, 2011
Näfels, historical aerial photo from 1919, taken by Walter Mittelholzer

Näfels (in the highest Alemannic local dialect [ˈnæfəls] ) is a town in the municipality of Glarus Nord in the Swiss canton of Glarus .


Näfels is located in the border area of ​​the Schwyz Alps , Glarus Alps and Eastern Swiss Pre-Alps , on the left bank of the Linth , approx. 50 km southeast of Zurich at 437 meters above sea level. The Rautispitz , the highest point in the former municipality, is 2283 meters above sea level.

The mill stream reaches of Netstal , community Glarus , coming in Schneisigen the village. Then it meanders and flows into the Rauti in the Rautifeld .


The place name is first mentioned in 1240 in the phrase Fridericus et Ulricus fratres de Nevels . It goes back to the Romanesque settlement: it is based on the Latin novālis « fallow field ; New land, land newly won by culture ”or its plural novāles . Näfels is a clearing name .

In 1388 the battle of Näfels took place, in which the Confederates defeated the Habsburgs . A memorial and the annual Näfelserfahrt commemorates this battle.

During the Second World War and the Cold War , the Näfels barrier with the Niederberg and Beglingen artillery works had the task of closing the Reduitz entrance towards the Klausen Pass .

The municipality was merged with the municipalities of Bilten , Filzbach , Mollis , Mühlehorn , Niederurnen , Oberurnen and Obstalden to form the new unified municipality Glarus Nord on January 1, 2011 as part of the Glarus municipality reform . Until then, it was the second largest municipality in the canton with almost 4,000 inhabitants.


Näfels is on the Rapperswil - Uznach - Linthal railway line . Thanks to the station in the neighboring Ziegelbrücke , Näfels is also well connected to the main railway line Basel - Zurich - Sargans - Chur .

The A3 motorway (Zurich – Sargans – Chur), which can be reached via the Niederurnen / Glarus junction, runs nearby .


The only confetti factory in Switzerland is in Näfels ; it produces 200 tons of confetti annually.


The modern infrastructure, the diverse range of jobs, the cultural offerings, the proximity to the main town, but also the fact that you can get to Zurich , Chur or St. Gallen via the motorway in a short time , motivated young families to settle in Näfels. The newly created districts Neuweg, Grüt Ost and Erlen Süd bear witness to this development.

Ski areas such as Elm , Braunwald and Filzbach can be reached in a few minutes from Näfels.

The sports center linth-arena SGU and a large sports facility with indoor and outdoor pools are located in Näfels.


As the location of the linth-arena sgu, Näfels has a large number of sports clubs. The arena is also home to the serial champion in men's volleyball, Volley Näfels.


Näfels has numerous historical buildings:

  • the Freuler Palace (Museum of the State of Glarus) built in 1642–1647 ,
  • the Hilarius Church
  • the Franciscan monastery of Mariaburg built on the important landslide hill
  • the Tolderhaus built by Fridli Tolder in 1551



Web links

Commons : Näfels  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. a b Gertrud Walch: place and field names of the canton of Glarus. Building blocks for a Glarus name book. Schaffhausen 1996, pp. 157-164.
  2. Markus Schneider: The Confetti King. In: Schweizer Familie , February 2019.
  3. Tages-Anzeiger online February 27, 2014
  4. Jürg Davatz: Parish Church of St. Hilary and Capuchin Monastery in Näfels (= Swiss Art Guide. No. 732). Edited by the Society for Swiss Art History. Bern 2003.