Braunwald GL

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GL is the abbreviation for the canton of Glarus in Switzerland and is used to avoid confusion with other entries of the name Braunwald .
Braunwald coat of arms
State : SwitzerlandSwitzerland Switzerland
Canton : Canton of GlarusCanton of Glarus Glarus (GL)
District : No district division
Political community : Glarus Southi2
Postal code : 8784
former BFS no. : 1603
Coordinates : 718 892  /  199208 coordinates: 46 ° 56 '0 "  N , 9 ° 0' 0"  O ; CH1903:  seven hundred and eighteen thousand eight hundred and ninety-two  /  199208
Height : 1256  m above sea level M.
Area : 10.13  km²
Residents: 308 (December 31, 2010)
Population density : 30 inhabitants per km²
Braunwald GL (Switzerland)
Braunwald GL
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Parish before the merger on January 1, 2011
Braunwald, historical aerial photo from 1927, taken from a height of 1300 meters by Walter Mittelholzer

Braunwald (in local dialect : [ ˌb̥ruːˈʋɑld / ˈb̥ruːnʋɑlːd̥ ]) is a village in the political municipality of Glarus Süd in the Swiss canton of Glarus . Today it is best known as a car-free health resort and tourist resort.


Braunwald is 1256  m above sea level. M. on a mountain terrace west above Linthal and Rüti . The Ortstock is Braunwald's local mountain and a popular excursion destination because of its panoramic view. In the north of Braunwald there are the Eggstocks , over which the three-part Braunwald via ferrata leads.


The settlement area Bergeten (approx. 1600 m above sea level) at the foot of the Ortstock (2716 m above sea level), which was inhabited in summer from the 12th to the 15th century, is evidence of sheep, goat and cattle herding as well as hunting. This desert, popularly known as the Heidenhüttchen, was archaeologically excavated in 1971. A Hug Vogel is named in a document from 1350 as the owner of Niederschwändi. It reports that his son was murdered in the Euloch by a Schwyzer named Köder.

The current place name is mentioned for the first time in 1421 as Brunwald and probably goes back to an Old High German composition * brunnōn-walt 'forest with sources'. Braunwald originally belonged to the Tagwen ( civil parish ) Niederlinthal. In 1690 and 1718 the part of Linthal located south of the Brummbach, the Gros Rüti and the rest of Diesbach and Betschwanden were assigned. From 1725, individual families lived in Braunwald all year round. The “Führlihaus”, built in 1780, has been under civil protection since 1973.

In 1839 a school cooperative was established in the village. Two years later, the Braunwald children moved out of the Betschwander classroom they had previously used. The school established at that time ("Sackhäuschen") received its own building in 1857. Today the “Tödiblick” hotel is located there.

In 1875 the Braunwald forest corporation, which was founded in the same year, acquired forest rights from Tagwens Rüti GL . It formed the primal cell of the local, civil and electoral communities of Braunwald created in 1939. Braunwald became its own municipality when it was separated from Rüti in 1939. Together with Rüti, the village still takes care of welfare today.

On the occasion of the creation of a Rüti – Braunwald mountain trail, the still existing trail corporation was convened for the first time in 1895. The drainage corporation, which has existed since 1981, has its roots in the year 1902 (construction of the Braunwaldbahn, BrB, and the hotel "Bellevue"), when the sliding subsurface of the southern part of the Braunwald terrace was noticed. There is now a large drainage plant in the Grantenboden area. Nevertheless, in March 1999 the old landfill, which was closed in 1978, threatened to slide down from Braunwald to the valley. The hotel "Alpenblick" at the Braunwaldbahn apparently went bankrupt because of the annual damage caused by the landslide. In November 2009 the vacant hotel burned down.

The local community of Braunwald was merged into the new community of Glarus Süd in early 2011 .


Whey cures were first offered in 1844. The “Niederschlacht” inn, built in 1856, has become a renowned first-class hotel (“Waldhaus”). The lung sanatorium (after 1985 Höhenklinik Braunwald, since 2003 part of the Rehabilitation Clinic Zurzach , Baden, Braunwald) was established on the initiative of the non-profit society of the Canton of Glarus. Since then, the clinic's chief doctor has also been the village doctor.

After 1898 there was a mail tray in David Heiz's farmhouse and restaurant "Alpenblick". Around 1900 there were 155 inhabitants who were still almost exclusively engaged in agriculture. In 1908, the first shop was the bazaar, now called “Kessler Sport” (the latter manufactured the sports equipment for Olympic champion Philipp Schoch in the snowboard parallel giant slalom in 2002).

The first winter season began at the end of 1928. The operation of the BrB in the cold season was introduced and the ice field opened. In 1941 there was the first transport by the ski lift Hotel "Niederschlacht" -Bödeli. At that time the community already comprised 327 people. In the same year, the Diaconal Sisterhood of Braunwald was founded, which until 2000 ran the “Bergfrieden” recreation house and the “Flueblüemli” children's home as well as the “free school” Braunwald.

In 1990 no less than 80% of those employed in the municipality had worked in the service sector (mainly tourism), while a total of 478 inhabitants were counted (30 years earlier, almost as many people had lived in the village). In 2000, a 60-year-long era ended for father and son Jacques Streiff, hoteliers, in the Braunwald municipal council. The latter served there for 22 years, 15 of which as President. He was also Chairman of the Board of Directors of Braunwaldbahn .


Today the Reformed have two church buildings . Until the establishment of their own parish by the regional parish in Betschwanden in 1942, they were part of the church. In 1904 a mountain church was built at the sanatorium (today a rehabilitation clinic) on the lower edge of the village, and from 1962–64 a church center was built at a central location. On January 1, 2006, the Reformed parish became part of the Grosstal parish, which includes the former parishes of Linthal, Braunwald, Betschwanden and Luchsingen . In 1899, Betschwanden gave the Protestants on the Braunwald mountain terrace the little bell that is said to have rung in 1388 for the battle of Näfels.

Katholisch Braunwald belongs to the pastoral care area Glarner-Hinterland-Sernftal and has a chapel dedicated to St. Fridolin von Säckingen and Brother Klaus in 1950 .

Transport and tourism

Numerous hotels and small businesses are established in Braunwald. The Rüti – Braunwald material ropeway, built in 1902, was followed by the opening of the Linthal (Stachelberg) –Braunwald (“BrB”, Braunwaldbahn) funicular, the “Grand Hotel (Bellevue)” and the “Adrenalin” hostel in 1907. The initiators of the railway project were textile manufacturer Albert Bebié and Josef Durrer, railway construction entrepreneurs and founders of the "Grand Hotel".

This was followed by the “Tödiblick” hotel, the “Koller” guesthouse and the “Ahorn”, more recently the “Uhu” restaurant, the “Cristal” hotel at the ski school site and others. Factory and individual traffic is handled with electric vehicles and, for a few years now, with small gasoline tractors .

The tourist infrastructure was greatly expanded in the second half of the 20th century: the Braunwald - Kleiner Gumen chairlift was completed in 1948, and the cableway to the Seblengrat in 1969. In 1967 a new BrB mountain station with a post office and a tourist office was inaugurated. In 1974 the slopes were opened up by the gondola (as a replacement for the fun sledge) and in 1991 the Grotzenbühl group gondola lift. In 1951, curlers first met in Braunwald in the Rink, a year before the curling club was founded. An indoor swimming pool was opened in 1978, and the BrB has been directly linked to the SBB since 1982. The fourth generation of the funicular ran after 1997. The oldest operated cross-seat chairlift in Switzerland to the Gumen received a new haul rope in 1999 . In 2001, however, the BrB's economic situation became so bad that it could only be saved thanks to a takeover by the canton.

The Braunwaldbahn has been the most important feeder since 1907 . The funicular is primarily intended for passenger transport, but it can also transport small goods. It belongs to the Braunwaldbahn and Sportbahnen company . This also operates chairlifts , ski lifts and a group cable car .

The tourist office, which was founded in 1909 and later became Braunwald Tourism, was also dissolved at the end of the 20th century. Then the network association was founded, whose task it is to develop a tourism strategy.

From Braunwald you hike in 2 ½ hours past the Bächialp on a wide hiking trail to the Oberblegisee .

With eight other Swiss towns, Braunwald is a car-free town .


  • Emil Brunner (1908–1995), Swiss photographer, lived in Braunwald from 1948 to 1995.
  • Jürgen Moser (1928–1999), German-American-Swiss mathematician, was buried in the air near Braunwald.

Web links

Commons : Braunwald  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Gabrielle Schmid / Andres Kristol: Bilten GL (Glarus) in: Dictionnaire toponymique des communes suisses - Lexicon of Swiss municipality names - Dizionario toponomastico dei comuni svizzeri (DTS | LSG). Center de dialectologie, Université de Neuchâtel, Verlag Huber, Frauenfeld / Stuttgart / Vienna 2005, ISBN 3-7193-1308-5 and Éditions Payot, Lausanne 2005, ISBN 2-601-03336-3 , p. 157.
  2. ( Memento of the original from May 26, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Braunwald-Klausenpass Tourismus AG: Welcome. Accessed May 22, 2011.  @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  3. Braunwald is slipping ( memento of the original from July 16, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , SRF, 20. July 2009  @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  4. ^ Hotel Alpenblick in Braunwald burned down ( memento of the original from July 16, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , SRF, November 6, 2009  @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  5. The Gumenbahn on
  6. Car-free locations (Switzerland). Accessed May 22, 2011.