Fridolin von Säckingen
Fridolin von Säckingen (* in Ireland ; † 538 in Säckingen Abbey ) was a messenger of faith on the Upper Rhine and founding abbot of a double monastery , venerated as a saint in the Catholic and Orthodox Churches . Several churches are named after him, see Fridolinskirche .
Fridolin was an Irish monk , the first in Poitiers in Gaul worked, where he remains of St. Hilary of Poitiers rose and built a church. However, the Germanic name Fridolin speaks against its Irish origin . According to legend, Hilarius commissioned him in a dream to build a monastery on a certain Rhine island . On the way from Poitiers to Säckingen, Fridolin founded a number of churches, all of which he consecrated to Hilary, including on the Moselle and in Strasbourg . Its first foundation was probably Eller (old: Helera, derived from Hilarius).
Fridolin founded the Säckingen Abbey, the oldest monastery in southern Germany, which became the starting point for the missionary work of what is now Baden-Württemberg. That is why Fridolin is also known as the apostle of the Baden Oberland . A biography, the so-called Fridolinsvita , was written down in the 10th century by a monk named Balther von Speyer .
In church representations, Fridolin is often shown together with a skeleton. The legend reports that he was given large parts of the Glarnerland by the dying, rich Ursus or Urso , which his brother Landolf did not want to acknowledge. Fridolin had therefore brought Ursus out of the grave as a witness to help. When Landolf saw his brother, who had already decayed, appear in court, he was so shocked and ashamed that he also gave Fridolin his part of the Glarnerland, which in this way came completely to the Säckingen monastery. Fridolin became the patron saint of the Canton of Glarus (Switzerland), in whose coat of arms he can be seen as a missionary with a walking stick and a Bible.
The bones of Fridolin in the collegiate church in Säckingen, called Fridolinsmünster , are still a destination for many pilgrims today . Every year, the magnificent, baroque silver shrine is carried through the streets of the city on the Upper Rhine in a large festival procession with the participation of music bands, costumes, knights and squires in medieval costumes .
Fridolin is called when there are leg problems, cattle diseases and good weather.
- Catholic: March 6th ( non-mandatory day of remembrance in the regional calendar for the German-speaking area ), only in the diocese of Strasbourg is the saint celebrated on March 7th.
- Orthodox: March 6th
- The procession through the town of Bad Säckingen takes place every year on the Sunday after March 6th (canceled in bad weather so as not to endanger the shrine)
- Vita Fridolini confessoris Seckingensis auctore Balthero . In: Bruno Krusch (ed.): Scriptores rerum Merovingicarum 3: Passiones vitaeque sanctorum aevi Merovingici et antiquiorum aliquot (I). Hanover 1896, pp. 350–369 ( Monumenta Germaniae Historica , version )
- Friedrich Wilhelm Bautz : Fridolin. In: Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon (BBKL). Volume 2, Bautz, Hamm 1990, ISBN 3-88309-032-8 , Sp. 125-126.
- Wolfgang Müller: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 5, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1961, ISBN 3-428-00186-9 , p. 439 ( ). In:
- Gerold Meyer von Knonau: Fridolin . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 7, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1877, pp. 385-387.
- Johann Friedrich: Church history of Germany: The Merovingerzeit , 1869
- Medard Barth: St. Fridolin and his cult in the Alemannic area. An attempt in: Freiburger Diözesan-Archiv 75 , Herder, Freiburg 1955
- Baltherus Seckinganus : Fridolin - the holy man between the Alps and the Rhine: e. German Fridolinsleben, printed in Basel around 1480 . Ed .: Wolfgang Irtenkauf . Thorbecke, Sigmaringen 1983, ISBN 3-7995-4044-X .
- Ecumenical Lexicon of Saints (ÖHL)
- Berthe Widmer : Fridolin. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
- What significance does Saint Fridolin have for the Canton of Glarus today? (Video from kath.ch)
|SURNAME||Fridolin von Säckingen|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Missionary, abbot of the Säckingen monastery|
|DATE OF BIRTH||5th century or 6th century|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Ireland|
|DATE OF DEATH||538|
|Place of death||Säckingen|