Johann (Jülich-Kleve-Berg)

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Johann III. from Kleve-Jülich-Berg

Johann von Jülich-Kleve-Berg (born November 10, 1490 ; † February 6, 1539 ), also called Johann the Peaceful , was the first ruler of the United Duchies of Jülich-Kleve-Berg from 1521 .


Johann came from the Mark family . At the age of six he was engaged to the heir to the duchies of Jülich and Berg (a child engagement ), the marriage was concluded 14 years later in Düsseldorf , as the so-called "Klever Union". After the death of his father-in-law, Duke Wilhelm von Jülich-Berg , he took over rule in Jülich , Berg and Ravensberg in 1511 . In 1521 he also inherited the inheritance of his father Johann II von Kleve in Kleve and Mark and thus formed the United Duchies of Jülich, Kleve and Berg, making him the most powerful prince in West Germany. In addition, through his mother Mechthild von Hessen , Johann was a great-grandson of the last ruling Count Philip I of Katzenelnbogen and also carried the title of "Count of Katzenelnbogen".

During the Reformation , Johann showed a balancing attitude that sought to find a “via media”, a middle path, between the two confessions. One of his most important advisors was the humanist Konrad Heresbach .


On October 1, 1510 Johann married Maria von Jülich-Berg (1491–1543), daughter of Duke Wilhelm von Jülich-Berg.



Individual evidence

  1. ^ Wilhelm Janssen:  Johann III. In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 10, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1974, ISBN 3-428-00191-5 , p. 493 ( digitized version ).
  2. ^ Journal of the Düsseldorf History Association. In: Documents on the history of the city of Düsseldorf, Certificate No. 5 . 1889, Volume 4, p. [101] 98. Online version
  3. ^ Charles Cawley FMG, Medieval Lands [1]
predecessor Office successor
Wilhelm Duke of Jülich-Berg
Wilhelm V (IV.)
Wilhelm Count of Ravensberg
Wilhelm V (IV.)
Johann II. Duke of Kleve
Wilhelm V (IV.)
Johann II. Count of the Mark
Wilhelm V (IV.)