|coat of arms||map|
|Landscape :||Northern Ostrobothnia|
|Administrative community :||Oulu|
|of which land area:||1,410.19 km²|
|of which inland waterways:||34.54 km²|
|of which sea area:||68.69 km²|
|Residents :||203,567 (Dec. 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||144.4 inhabitants / km²|
|Municipality number :||564|
|Postcodes :||90000 - 90801|
|Language (s) :||Finnish|
Oulu [ ˈɔu̯lu ] ( ) ( Swedish Uleåborg [ ˈʉːlɛoːˌbɔrj ]) is a city in northern Finland . It is the largest city in Northern Finland, the fifth largest city in Finland and the northernmost major city in the European Union .
While Oulu used to be famous for wood tar and salmon , today the city is best known as a center of the Finnish IT industry and for its distinctive wellness culture . Other important industries are wood processing and papermaking. Within a radius of 200 km there are two integrated steel works (in Raahe and Tornio), a ferrochrome mine (in Kemi) and a pulp mill (in Kemi). The Oulu Airport is the second most frequented on the country and is located about 15 kilometers south, in Oulunsalo . The University of Oulu is the largest in the country outside the greater Helsinki area and is located six kilometers north of the city center.
Oulu is famous for the annual air guitar world championship, the Mieskuoro Huutajat ( The Screaming Male Choir ) and a wide range of cultural opportunities. The Qstock rock festival has been held annually in Oulu at the end of July since 2003.
Oulu is located at the mouth of the Oulujoki in the Gulf of Bothnia . The city covers an area of 449.2 km² , of which 79.5 km² is water. At the beginning of 2009, the city area was expanded by 1061.07 km² and almost 3,400 inhabitants by incorporating the municipality of Ylikiiminki east of Oulu .
Average monthly temperatures and rainfall for Oulu
The name (originally Owla or Oula ) of the city comes from the Sami languages and means something like flood or flowing water .
Oulu was on April 8, 1605 by King Charles IX. founded by Sweden. Just five years after it was founded, the place received city rights . In 1776 the city became the capital of the province of Oulu . After it was almost completely destroyed by a major fire in 1822, it was rebuilt according to plans by Johan Albrecht Ehrenström . In the 19th century, Oulu was one of the most important northern European ports for the export of timber tar, along with Arkhangelsk . This was produced in large quantities in the hinterland, transported in tar barrels across the Oulujoki River and then shipped from Oulu to all of Europe . In 2005, Oulu celebrated its 400th anniversary.
For some years now, due to the technology companies based in Oulu, the number of inhabitants and the city have grown rapidly, so that Oulu is now referred to as the “ boom town ” of the north. In addition, the high birth rate in the Northern Ostrobothnia region, where Oulu is by far the largest city, is contributing to growth. It is 2.38 children / woman, which is more than the 2.1 children necessary for a stagnant population.
Development of the population (December 31) :
The 2017 local elections in Finland on April 9, 2017 for the electoral period from January 1, 2018 to December 31, 2021 (four years) led to the result shown in the table in Vantaa. The turnout was 56.0%.
The Liberal Center Party is the strongest party with 24.2% of the vote. It has 17 seats in the local council, to which 67 members belong. It is followed by the conservative rallying party, which received 19.9% and received 13 seats. The left alliance has eleven seats, the Green Bund 10 seats, and the Social Democratic Party eight. In addition, the Basic Finns (6 seats), the Christian Democrats and the ASY group (1 seat each) are represented in the municipal council.
|Political party||Share of votes||+/-% p||Seats||+/-||Allocation of seats from January 1, 2018|
|Center Party||24.2%||- 2.9||17th||- 2nd||
|National rally party||19.1%||- 0.8||13||± 0|
|Left alliance||16.0%||+ 1.5||11||+ 1|
|Green covenant||14.1%||+ 4.7||10||+ 3|
|Social Democratic Party||12.3%||- 1.3||8th||- 1|
|Base fins||8.3%||- 3.3||6th||- 2nd|
|Finnish Christian Democrats||2.4%||+ 0.5||1||± 0|
|ASY||1.5%||+ 1.5||1||+ 1|
coat of arms
Description: The coat of arms is divided into red and silver. Above is a golden tinned castle with two blue open passages on top of which there are golden towers with similar colored pennants pointing to the left and each has a blue window. Below is a red-flooded blue salmon with a red eye swimming to the right .
The city of Oulu has twinned cities with the following cities:
Culture and sights
The Turkansaari Open-Air Museum is located 13 kilometers south-east of the city and features 27 historic wooden buildings and a church. Ainola Park, north of the city center, houses the local history museum for the city and province of Oulu, as well as an art museum and a maritime museum.
As in Helsinki , the architect Carl Ludwig Engel also has a share in the historical building fabric in Oulu . After the city fire of 1822, he took over the reconstruction of the cathedral (Tuomiokirkko), which was built between 1771 and 1776 . Above the door to the sacristy is the oldest oil painting in Finland, the portrait of Johannes Messenius . Oulu is also home to the Trinity Orthodox Cathedral .
Oulu regularly hosts the International Theater Festival for Children and Young People at the end of February .
In the middle of June each year, the Tar Burning Week takes place, an insight into the time when wood tar made Oulu famous.
Since 1996, the air guitar world championship has been held in Oulu as part of the Oulun Musiikki Video Festivaalit ( Oulu Music Video Festival ).
The two-day rock festival Qstock takes place annually at the end of July and is the largest summer event in Northern Finland.
The most important sports facility is the Oulun Energia Areena , home of the ice hockey team Oulun Kärpät and Laser HT . Kärpät is a seven-time Finnish ice hockey champion and was twice runner-up in the IIHF European Champions Cup .
The AC Oulu football club plays in the Veikkausliiga . Oulu continues to have two teams competing in the highest bandy league: Oulun Luistinseura , OLS, is 15-time Finnish champion, while Oulun Palloseura , OPS, won seven championships. In 2001 the Bandy World Championship was held in Oulu .
Regular sporting events
The Terwahölkkä Marathon takes place at the end of May every year , a running event in which over 1,000 running enthusiasts take part.
In addition, there are various events in the areas of winter sports, water sports and fun sports, such as B. the wooden tar rowing in mid-June on the Oulujoki.
Economy and Infrastructure
The fastest train connection is the Pendolino from VR , it takes 5 hours 44 minutes to cover the 680 kilometers between Oulu and Helsinki. The speed on this route Oulu – Helsinki is different. From Oulu to Seinäjoki (approx. 350 km south of Oulu) it is 140 km / h. From Seinäjoki to Tampere (approx. 180 km) there is a fast connection with 160 km / h. From Tampere to Helsinki (approx. 175 km) the speed is mostly 200 km / h. The reason for these speeds was linked to the goal of getting through Finland as quickly as possible - something that is still being worked on with new lines.
In the station , the trains no longer have to be switched from electric locomotives to diesel operation, as these have been running on electric locomotives as far as Rovaniemi for several years . The station has a loading point for motorail trains .
Oulu has a very well developed network of cycle paths, very often with underpasses under large streets and up to two meters wide. Oulu manages the high cycling share of 12% of the routes in winter and in 2013 is hosting the world's only congress on cycling in winter.
Oulu is an internationally known location for high technology, especially for telecommunications and IT . More traditional industries such as paper and steel are also well represented in Oulu. The focus of today's, future-oriented development work in IT, media technology , bio and environmental technology, as well as in the wellness industry are strongly promoted in Oulu. The production of wood tar that made Oulu famous has largely lost its importance.
Oulu endeavors to encourage the settlement of high-tech companies and ensures this with the availability of building space and good infrastructure .
Technopolis, Stora Enso , VTT (Technical Research Center) and Nokia should be mentioned here in particular . The largest manufacturing company in Oulu is Nokia with 4,700 employees (2008). The largest employer in Oulu is the city of Oulu itself with 9,760 employees (2008), the university hospital has 5,546 employees and in fourth place (after Nokia) is the University of Oulu with 3,050 employees. Other employers: Stora Enso Oyj (1,155 employees), K-ryhmä (1,054 employees), Itella Oyj (920 employees), Osuuskauppa Arina (830 employees), ODL Konserni (694 employees) (all data from 2008)
The University of Oulu , founded in 1958, is one of the largest universities in Finland with almost 17,000 students. It is located five kilometers north of the city center in the Linnanmaa district . The university is divided into faculties for humanities, natural sciences, medicine, education, technology and economics, the largest of which are the faculty of natural sciences and the faculty of technology. Historically, the university played a major role in the boom in the IT industry in the 1990s.
There is also a university of applied sciences with various departments spread over the entire city area and a conservatory. 9000 students take advantage of the opportunity to study in various departments. The Diakonia University of Applied Sciences, which is affiliated with the Protestant Church, offers higher education on its campus in the city center.
sons and daughters of the town
- Maria Kraftman (1812-1884), writer
- William Nylander (1822–1899), zoologist, botanist and lichenologist
- Amélie Helga Lundahl (1850–1914), painter
- Teuvo Pakkala (1862-1925), writer
- Oscar Larson (1871–1957), politician
- Juho Vennola (1872–1938), economist, politician (KEP), member of the Reichstag and Prime Minister
- Kyösti Haataja (1881–1956), politician (National Collection Party), member of the Reichstag and land surveyor
- Yrjö Saarela (1884–1951), wrestler
- Yrjö Kallinen (1886–1976), politician (SDP), member of the Reichstag
- Leevi Madetoja (1887–1947), composer
- Aarno Maliniemi (1892–1972), historian
- Gerda Weneskoski (1892–1984), pianist and music teacher
- Vilho Lampi (1898–1936), painter
- Ralf Törngren (1899–1961), politician (sfp), member of the Reichstag and Prime Minister
- Kaarlo Hillilä (1902–1965), politician (ML), minister
- Heikki A. Alikoski (1912-1997), astronomer
- Leo Honkala (1933–2015), wrestler and weightlifter
- Alpo Aho (1934–1983), bandy player
- Tuomo Mannermaa (1937–2015), Protestant theologian
- Juhani Mursu (* 1940), weightlifter
- Ari Helenius (* 1944), biochemist
- Matti Ahde (1945–2019), politician (SDP), member of the Reichstag and sports functionary
- Liisa Jaakonsaari (* 1945), politician (SDP), member of the Reichstag, MEP
- Lasse Kukkonen (* 1946), politician, member of the Reichstag, MEP
- Esa Peltonen (* 1947), ice hockey player
- Timo Veijola (1947–2005), Protestant Old Testament scholar
- Juha Widing (1947–1984), ice hockey player
- Samuli Pohjamo (* 1950), politician (Kesk.), MEP
- Jouko Öystilä (* 1952), ice hockey player
- Martti Korhonen (* 1953), politician (Vas.), Member of the Reichstag
- Pertti Sveholm (born 1953), actor
- Jarmo Hirvasoja (* 1954), ice speedway driver and world champion
- Heidi Hautala (* 1955), politician (Vihreät), member of the Reichstag, MEP
- Markku Kiimalainen (born 1955), ice hockey player
- Seppo Pyykkö (* 1955), football player
- Anna-Leena Sirén (* 1955), neurosurgeon
- Matti Alatalo (* 1958), ice hockey coach
- Juha Malinen (* 1958), football coach
- Kari Jalonen (* 1960), ice hockey player and coach
- Reijo Ruotsalainen (* 1960), ice hockey player and coach
- Pekka Tuomisto (* 1960), ice hockey player
- Martti Suosalo (born 1962), actor
- Jaakko Hämeen-Anttila (* 1963), Arabist and Islamic scholar
- Jaana Ronkainen (* 1965), judoka
- Satu Huotari (* 1967), ice hockey player
- Markku Paasonen (* 1967), poet
- Eero Aho (born 1968), actor
- Kari Harila (* 1968), ice hockey player
- Sauli Kemppainen (* 1968), cook
- Sonja Korkeala (* 1969), violinist
- Kati Hiekkapelto (* 1970), writer
- Marja-Helena Pälvilä (* 1970), ice hockey player
- Mika Alatalo (* 1971), ice hockey player and coach
- Jouni Loponen (* 1971), ice hockey player
- Mika Nurmela (* 1971), soccer player
- Vesa Ponto (* 1971), ice hockey player
- Antti Niemi (* 1972), soccer goalkeeper
- Jukka Ollila (* 1973), ice hockey player and coach
- Hannes Hyvönen (* 1975), ice hockey player
- Petri Kokko (* 1975), ice hockey player
- Vladislav Delay (* 1976), electronica musician
- Kalle Kanttila (* 1976), tenor
- Kimmo Lotvonen (* 1976), ice hockey player
- Jarkko Saapunki (* 1976), ski jumping trainer, musician and music manager
- Tytti Tuppurainen (* 1976), politician
- Esa Pirnes (* 1977), ice hockey player
- Jussi Mäkelä (* 1977), biathlete
- Janne Hietanen (* 1978), soccer player
- Jari Ilola (* 1978), football player
- Ville Ranta (* 1978), comic artist and graphic novel author
- Lauri Hakola (* 1979), ski jumper
- Jussi Hautamäki (* 1979), ski jumper and musician
- Jani Tuppurainen (* 1980), ice hockey player
- Jari Viuhkola (* 1980), ice hockey player
- Antti Aarnio (* 1981), ice hockey player
- Matti Hautamäki (* 1981), ski jumper
- Lasse Kukkonen (* 1981), ice hockey player
- Mika Pyörälä (* 1981), ice hockey player
- Juha-Pekka Haataja (* 1982), ice hockey player
- Ville Koistinen (* 1982), ice hockey player
- Antti Okkonen (* 1982), football player
- Susanna Pöykiö (* 1982), figure skater
- Topi Jaakola (* 1983), ice hockey player
- Jouni Kinnunen (* 1983), biathlete
- Juho Mäkelä (* 1983), soccer player
- Tomi Mustonen (* 1983), ice hockey player
- Joni Pitkänen (* 1983), ice hockey player
- Janne Jalasvaara (* 1984), ice hockey player
- Oskari Korpikari (* 1984), ice hockey player
- Tuukka Kaukoniemi (* 1985), ski racer
- Mikko Alikoski (* 1986), ice hockey player
- Jarkko Hurme (* 1986), football player
- Tinja-Riikka Korpela (* 1986), soccer player
- Anssi Koivuranta (* 1988), Nordic combined athlete and ski jumper
- Toni Kolehmainen (* 1988), soccer player
- Kerttu Niskanen (* 1988), cross-country skier
- Olli Palola (* 1988), ice hockey player
- Joni Liljeblad (* 1989), ice hockey player
- Mikael Granlund (* 1992), ice hockey player
- Iivo Niskanen (* 1992), cross-country skier
- Markus Granlund (* 1993), ice hockey player
- Markus Nutivaara (* 1994), ice hockey player
- Matias Ojala (* 1995), soccer player
- Rasmus Karjalainen (* 1996), football player
- Henri Jokiharju (* 1999), ice hockey player
- Wille Karhumaa (* 2000), Nordic combined athlete
Guest harbor on Oulu's market square
Sculpture Toripolliisi in front of the market hall
Merikoski power plant at Oulujoki in Oulu
- Maanmittauslaitos (Finnish land surveying office): Suomen pinta-alat kunnittain January 1, 2010 . ( Memento from May 20, 2011 in the Internet Archive )
- Statistical Office Finland: Table 11ra - Key figures on population by region, 1990-2018
- Yleisradio (Finnish public broadcaster), Oulu election results , accessed on February 2, 2020
- Kuntavaalit 2017 - Vantaa
- Oulu website
- Information motorail trains Finland ( Memento from February 3, 2009 in the Internet Archive )
- http://www.ibikeoulu.com/ Winter Cycling Congress February 13-14, 2013