Northern Ostrobothnia

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Pohjois-Pohjanmaan maakunta
coat of arms map
coat of arms
Åland Varsinais-Suomi Uusimaa Kymenlaakso Südkarelien Nordkarelien Südsavo Päijät-Häme Kanta-Häme Kainuu Satakunta Pirkanmaa Mittelfinnland Nordsavo Österbotten Mittelösterbotten Südösterbotten Nordösterbotten Lappland Norwegen Schweden Russland Estland SchwedenLocation in Finland
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Basic data
Country: Finland
Municipalities: 34
Administrative headquarters: Oulu
Surface: 37,415.38 km² of
which land: 35,507.45 km²
Residents: 410,324 May 31, 2016
Population density: 11.0 inhabitants per km²
ISO 3166 : FI-14

Northern Ostrobothnia ( Finnish Pohjois-Pohjanmaa [ ˈpɔhjɔi̯sˌpɔhjɑnmɑː ] Swedish Norra Österbotten ) is one of the 19 landscapes in Finland . The region is located in the north of the country and is the northern part of the historical landscape of Ostrobothnia . It stretches from the northern tip of the Gulf of Bothnia to the hilly Koillismaa region on the Russian border. The area of ​​Northern Ostrobothnia is 37,415 km², the population is around 410,000 (May 2016).

The capital and by far the largest city in northern Finland is Oulu (203,567 inhabitants) on the Gulf of Bothnia. With its university it is one of the leading technology centers in Finland. It has shaped its own school in modern architecture. At the other end of the region, Kuusamo is an important vacation spot in the middle of the vast wilderness. Mount Rukatunturi is a popular ski area and the “ Bear Round ” ( Karhunkierros ) is one of the most famous hiking trails in Finland. The Oulanka and Syöte national parks are partly in northern Ostrobothnia.


The city of Oulu was founded in 1605 by King Charles IX of Sweden . founded on the site of an old trading post. From here, tar was shipped from the vast, wooded hinterland, which was brought to the port of Oulu on boats across the Oulu River .

The University of Oulu was founded in 1958 , an essential cornerstone for the development of the city and the surrounding area into an internationally important technology location. The university has 15,830 students (2006).

coat of arms

Description: Six (2; 2; 2) white fleeing stoats in blue with black tips of their tails.


There are 34 municipalities in Northern Ostrobothnia, 11 of which have city status (in bold). Population figures as of December 31, 2018.

Municipalities of Northern Ostrobothnia

Web links

Commons : Northern Ostrobothnia  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. (Finnish Statistics Office), Finnish
  2. Statistical Office Finland: Table 11ra - Key figures on population by region, 1990-2018