Kronstadt (Russia)

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
flag coat of arms
coat of arms
Federal district Northwest Russia
City with
subject status
St. Petersburg
Founded 1703
surface 19.35  km²
population 43,005 inhabitants
(as of Oct. 14, 2010)
Population density 2222 inhabitants / km²
Time zone UTC + 3
Telephone code (+7) 812
Post Code 19776x
License Plate 78, 98, 178
OKATO 40 280 501
Geographical location
Coordinates 60 ° 0 ′  N , 29 ° 46 ′  E Coordinates: 60 ° 0 ′ 0 ″  N , 29 ° 46 ′ 0 ″  E
Kronstadt (Russia) (European Russia)
Red pog.svg
Location in the western part of Russia
Kronstadt (Russia) (Saint Petersburg)
Red pog.svg
Location in Saint Petersburg

Kronstadt ( Russian Кронштадт Kronschtadt ) is a city and former fortress on the Baltic Sea island of Kotlin off Saint Petersburg in Russia . The island is connected to the city by the Petersburg Embankment . Kronstadt with its 43,005 inhabitants (as of October 14, 2010) forms a subdivided urban district ( Rajon ) of Saint Petersburg. The Kronstadt gauge serves as a reference level for large parts of Eastern Europe. The historic old town and the many forts that surrounded the port city were from the 1990 UNESCO in the list of World Cultural and Natural Heritage of Humanity added.


Plan of Kronstadt (1854)
Interior of the Nikolai Naval Cathedral

Tsar Peter I founded the city in 1703 as a naval base on the Baltic Sea . The first completed fortress was Kronschlot . Kronstadt defended the access to the then Russian capital from the Baltic Sea and was therefore only provided with fortifications and coastal batteries in the north, west and south .

In 1803 the first Russian circumnavigation of the world started from Kronstadt under captain Adam Johann von Krusenstern .

The city also became known through the sailors' uprisings of 1905/1906 against the conditions in the Imperial Russian Navy .

During the July uprising in 1917, Kronstadt sailors mutinied.

On August 18, 1919, British speedboats sank the Pamjat Asowa in an attack on the port .

In 1921 there was another rebellion of the Kronstadt sailors against Bolshevik rule; the Kronstadt sailors' uprising was forcibly suppressed by the Red Army under the leadership of the People's Commissar for Military and Naval Affairs, Leon Trotsky , after an ultimatum had expired .

During the Second World War , the Red Army was able to hold Kronstadt from 1941 to 1944 against the advancing German Wehrmacht . Together with the positions of the Oranienbaum bridgehead , it protected Leningrad from German attacks from the sea during the blockade .

During the Soviet period, Kronstadt was a restricted area as a military town. Access was granted with a pass. Usually only soldiers stationed there and their relatives had this. In 1996 this status was revoked. Since then, the city can also be visited by tourists.

Population development

year 1897 1926 1939 1959 1970 1979 1989 2002 2010
Residents 59,525 31,197 38,071 40,303 39,477 40,308 45.053 43,385 43.005

Note: census data (1897 including military personnel)

Town twinning

Kronstadt lists numerous twin cities :

city country since
Annapolis United StatesUnited States Maryland, USA -
Assipovichy BelarusBelarus Belarus 1998
Dax FranceFrance France -
Derbent RussiaRussia Russia 2001
Feodosia RussiaRussia Russia 2010
Kotka FinlandFinland Finland 1993
Marostica ItalyItaly Italy -
Messina ItalyItaly Italy 2011
Mulhouse GermanyGermany Thuringia, Germany 1995
Nafplio GreeceGreece Greece 2008
city country since
Narva-Jõesuu EstoniaEstonia Estonia -
Novocherkassk RussiaRussia Russia 2004
Oxelösund SwedenSweden Sweden 1995
Piła PolandPoland Poland 1993
Zelenodolsk RussiaRussia Russia 1997
Sønderborg (Nordborg) DenmarkDenmark Denmark 1998
Sumoto (Goshiki) JapanJapan Japan 2001
Toulon FranceFrance France 1997
Sevastopol RussiaRussia Russia 2013

sons and daughters of the town

Individual evidence

  1. a b Itogi Vserossijskoj perepisi naselenija 2010 goda. Tom 1. Čislennostʹ i razmeščenie naselenija (Results of the All-Russian Census 2010. Volume 1. Number and distribution of the population). Tables 5 , pp. 12-209; 11 , pp. 312–979 (download from the website of the Federal Service for State Statistics of the Russian Federation)
  2. Города-партнёры ( Russian ), accessed February 1, 2020
  3. ^ Kronstadt - Mühlhausen . Archived from the original on December 23, 2014. Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Retrieved December 23, 2014. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  4. Кульчицкий Николай Константинович , (Russian)
  5. Ендогуров Иван Иванович , (Russian)
  6. Собенников Петр Петрович , (Russian)
  7. Sergey Revyakin , (English)

Web links

Commons : Kronstadt  - Collection of images, videos and audio files