An ultimatum ( Latin ultimus 'the last', 'the outermost', 'the most distant') is a diplomatic - often limited - request to resolve a pending matter satisfactorily under threat of tough countermeasures if the other does not comply.
An ultimatum is primarily a means of international politics and sometimes precedes a declaration of war . Sometimes the “ultimatum” is also used in other areas of life - e. B. in private and professional life - used in educational language. It is also a term for a final reminder , which is often associated with setting a deadline in order to respond to a negotiation proposal to avoid contentious disputes. In criminology , the term is also used for (limited) claims, for example in the case of kidnappings or hostage-taking .
The origin is Middle Latin ultimatum , substantiated second participle of church Latin ultimare = 'to come to an end, to come to an end, to be in the last stage'. It is a neo-Latin derivation that was used in the diplomatic language in the first half of the 18th century . In the first half of the 20th century , it was used especially in the addition of “ultimate demand” due to the “last day of the month” in merchant language .
- ↑ a b c ultimatum . In: Duden .de; Retrieved May 3, 2017
- ↑ Ultimatum . In: Gabler Wirtschaftslexikon ; Retrieved May 3, 2017
- ↑ Ultimatum . In: Jungbrunnen Vienna: Political Dictionary; accessed on May 4, 2017
- ↑ Ultimatum. In: Digital dictionary of the German language . Retrieved May 4, 2017