Cesare Baronio (Latin Caesar Baronius) (born August 30, 1538 in Sora , Kingdom of Naples , † June 30, 1607 in Rome ) was an Italian cardinal and church historian .
From 1557 Baronius was one of the first pupils of St. Philip Neri and a member of the Congregation of the Oratory founded by him , of which he became Praepositus in 1593. Up to 1583 he also played a major role in putting together the martyrs and saints of the Martyrologium Romanum .
After long source studies, Baronius was able to begin in 1588 to publish his main work, the Annales ecclesiastici a Christo nato ad annum 1198 , in Rome. In the year of his death (1607), the last of the twelve volumes of this great church-historical work was published. Despite numerous errors, this church history still remains a treasure trove of church-historical knowledge, simply because of the number of documents communicated.
The achievement earned Baronius the dignity of papal confessor, apostolic protonotary , cardinal (1596) and librarian of the Roman Church .
In the papal election in March 1605, Baronius achieved a simple majority, but stubbornly refused to accept the office on the grounds that he was unworthy, so that finally Alessandro Ottaviano de'Medici was elected. According to other sources, his election failed because of the resistance of the Spanish party among the papal voters. He took after the early death of the Medici Pope Leo XI. also took part in the second conclave of 1605.
Cesare Baronio died on June 30, 1607 at the age of 69. In January 2008, on behalf of Pope Benedict XVI. the process of beatification for Cesare Baronio resumed.
In the years between 1646 and 1676, the oratorian Odoricus Raynaldus (1595–1671) wrote a continuation (in nine volumes) of the annals up to 1565; Augustin Theiner continued it from 1572 to 1585. Theiner completely revised the annals between 1864 and 1883 and published them in 37 volumes.
- Martyrologium Romanum . Plantin, Antwerp 1586 ( full text ).
- Annales ecclesiastici a Christo nato ad annum 1198 , 12 volumes, Rome 1588–1607; Antwerp, 10 vols., 1589-1603; Mainz, 12 vols., 1601–1605 etc. ( digitized, vol. 3, Rome 1592 ; vol. 7, Rome 1607 ; vol. 12, Rome 1605 )
- Friedrich Wilhelm Bautz : Baronius, Caesar. In: Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon (BBKL). Volume 1, Bautz, Hamm 1975. 2nd, unchanged edition Hamm 1990, ISBN 3-88309-013-1 , Sp. 379.
- Giuseppe Antonio Guazzelli: Cesare Baronio Or. In: Stefan Heid , Martin Dennert (Hrsg.): Personal Lexicon for Christian Archeology. Researchers and personalities from the 16th to the 21st century . Volume 1: A - J. Schnell & Steiner, Regensburg 2012, ISBN 978-3-7954-2620-0 , pp. 120-122.
- Hubert Jedin : Cardinal Caesar Baronius. The beginning of Catholic church history in the 16th century. Aschendorff, Münster 1978, ISBN 3-402-03327-5 .
- Angelo Roncalli : Il cardinale Cesare Baronio. Nel terzo centenario della sua morte. In: Scuola Cattolica. 4. Ser., Vol. 13, 1908, ZDB -ID 300825-3 , pp. 3-29 (special print: Artigianelli, Monza 1908).
- Angelo Roncalli: Il cardinale Cesare Baronio. Conferenza tenuta il 4th December 1907 in the Seminario di Bergamo ricorrendo il terzo Centenario dalla Morte. Edizioni di Storia e Letteratura, Rome 1961.
- Domenico Sarra: Vita del venerabile cardinale Cesare Baronio. Gambetta, Rome 1862.
- Bernhard Schimmelpfennig : The Papacy. Basic features of its history from antiquity to the Renaissance (= basic features. Vol. 56). Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, Darmstadt 1984, ISBN 3-534-08355-5 , pp. 124-126.
- Stefano Zen: Baronio storico. Controriforma e crisi del metodo umanistico. Naples 1994, La Scuola di Pitagora, 2013.
- Works by and about Cesare Baronio in the German Digital Library
- Writings from and about Baronius at the SB Berlin PK
- Tripota - Trier portrait database
- Baronio, Orat., Cesare. In: Salvador Miranda : The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church. ( Florida International University website), accessed July 25, 2016.
- ↑ a b c Baronio, Orat., Cesare. In: Salvador Miranda : The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church. ( Florida International University website ), accessed July 25, 2016.
- ↑ Vaticanhistory.de , November 29, 2015
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Baronius, Caesar|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Cardinal and church historian|
|DATE OF BIRTH||August 30, 1538|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Sora (Lazio)|
|DATE OF DEATH||June 30, 1607|
|Place of death||Rome|