Conclave March 1605
College of Cardinals
When Pope Clement VIII died, the College of Cardinals numbered 69 cardinals.
The 60 cardinals attending the conclave were:
- Tolomeo Gallio , Cardinal Bishop of Ostia and Velletri , Cardinal Dean
- Alessandro Ottaviano de 'Medici , Cardinal Bishop of Palestrina
- Domenico Pinelli seniore , Cardinal Bishop of Frascati
- François de Joyeuse , Archbishop of Rouen and Cardinal Bishop of Sabina
- Girolamo Bernerio OP , Cardinal Bishop of Albano
- Agostino Valier , Bishop of Verona
- Antonio Maria Gallo , Bishop of Osimo
- Benedetto Giustiniani , legate in the Marche
- Antonmaria Sauli
- Giovanni Evangelista Pallotta
- Federico Borromeo seniore , Archbishop of Milan
- Francesco Maria Bourbon del Monte
- Mariano Pierbenedetti
- Gregorio Petrocchini OESA
- Paolo Emilio Sfondrati
- Ottavio Paravicini
- Ottavio d'Aquaviva d'Aragona seniore
- Flaminio Piatti
- Pietro Aldobrandini
- Francesco Maria Tarugi Orat , Archbishop of Siena
- Ottavio Bandini , Archbishop of Fermo
- Anne d'Escars de Givry OSB , Bishop of Lisieux
- Giovanni Francesco Biandrate di San Giorgio Aldobrandini , Bishop of Acqui
- Camillo Borghese
- Cesare Baronio Orat.
- Lorenzo Bianchetti
- Francisco de Ávila
- Francesco Mantica
- Pompeio Arrigoni
- Bonifazio Bevilacqua Aldobrandini , Bishop of Cervia , legate in Perugia and Umbria
- Alfonso Visconti , Archbishop of Spoleto
- Domenico Toschi , Bishop of Tivoli
- Paolo Emilio Zacchia
- Roberto Bellarmino SJ
- François d'Escoubleau de Sourdis
- Séraphin Olivier-Razali
- Filippo Spinelli , Bishop of Policastro
- Carlo Conti , Bishop of Ancona
- Carlo Gaudenzio Madruzzo , Bishop of Trento
- Jacques-Davy Duperron , Bishop of Évreux
- Innocenzo del Bufalo-Cancellieri , Bishop of Camerino
- Giovanni Delfino
- Giacomo Sannesio
- Erminio Valenti
- Girolamo Agucchi
- Girolamo Pamphilj
- Ferdinando Taverna
- Anselmo Marzato OFMCap
- Francesco Sforza
- Alessandro Damasceni Peretti
- Odoardo Farnese
- Giovanni Antonio Facchinetti de Nuce iuniore
- Cinzio Passeri Aldobrandini
- Bartolomeo Cesi
- Andrea Baroni Peretti Montalto
- Alessandro d'Este
- Giovanni Battista Deti
- Silvestro Aldobrandini O.S.Io.Hieros.
- Giovanni Doria
- Carlo Emmanuele Pio seniore
Cardinals not participating in the conclave
The following nine cardinals could not take part in the conclave:
- Ascanio Colonna
- Pierre de Gondi
- Charles de Lorraine-Vaudémont , Bishop of Metz
- Fernando Niño de Guevara , Archbishop of Seville
- Bernardo de Sandoval y Rojas , Archbishop of Toledo
- Franz Seraph von Dietrichstein , Archbishop of Olomouc
- Domenico Ginnasi , Archbishop of Manfredonia
- Antonio Zapata y Cisneros
- Bernard Maciejowski , Bishop of Kraków
The cardinals present in the conclave were elevated to cardinalate by the following popes:
- 39 cardinals of Pope Clement VIII
- 1 cardinal of Pope Innocent IX.
- 4 cardinals of Pope Gregory XIV.
- 12 cardinals of Pope Sixtus V.
- 4 cardinals of Pope Gregory XIII.
- 1 cardinal of Pope Pius IV.
Notes on the Cardinals
- Was elected Pope and took the name Leo XI. on
- Was later elected Pope and then took the name Paul V.
Like the previous conclave 13 years earlier, this papal election was also deeply politically influenced. The French cardinals had received instructions from King Henry IV , as had the Spanish cardinals from Philip III. From the Spanish side, the cardinals Valiero, de 'Medici and Arigoni should be nominated. The French King Henry IV, on the other hand, wanted either Cardinal Baronio, as an instruction of March 7, 1605 to Cardinal Joyeuse shows, or Pietro Aldobrandini in the chair of Peter. At the beginning of the conclave on March 14, 1605, 60 of the 69 cardinals were present in Rome.
The majority in the college could be assessed, but none of the parties had the necessary two-thirds majority . The strongest party was that of Pietro Cardinal Aldobrandini. Of the 39 cardinals from the pontificate of Clement VIII, 22 followed him. The Montalto side had eight votes and the Spaniards 13 supporters. Some cardinals stood outside each party, among them the oratorians Tarugi and Baronio, the Jesuit Bellarmino and Federico Cardinal Borromeo.
In the course of the conclave, 21 candidates were treated as papabili . This suggested a longer conclave. On March 19, the rumor spread that Cardinal Baronio had won 39 votes, but this news turned out to be false. In the vote on March 24th, Baronio received 23 votes and on the following day 27, on March 27th he received 31 and on March 30th even 32 votes. Cardinal Baronio was only 8 votes short of the required majority. In the first votes, however, Alessandro Ottaviano de 'Medici's number of votes was insignificant. On April 1st, the situation suddenly changed. Baronio received only 28 votes, de 'Medici received 13 votes. After even Cardinal Baronio stood up for Cardinal de 'Medici, everything changed suddenly. Two thirds of the electorate had gathered in front of de 'Medici's cell and he was promoted to pope without any further formal vote. Then the cardinals gathered in the Cappella Paolina to pay homage to the new Pope. In order to conform to the form, an open vote was then carried out. In memory of his ancestor Giovanni de 'Medici, who was called Pope Leo X. , the newly elected took the Pope name Leo XI. on. Since it was now late in the evening, the conclave did not end until the morning of April 2, 1605.
- Conclave of March 14 to April 1, 1605. In: Salvador Miranda : The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church. ( Florida International University website), accessed May 7, 2017.
- Entry for March / April 1605 conclave at catholic-hierarchy.org , accessed May 7, 2017
- Conclave of 14.03. - 01.04.1605 for the election of Pope Leo XI. In: Vaticanhistory. January 15, 2006, accessed May 7, 2017 .