Juraj Drašković from Trakošćan

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Cardinal Juraj Drašković (engraving from Kukuljević's Glasoviti Hrvati , 1886)
coat of arms

Juraj II. Drašković von Trakošćan , Hungarian György Draskovics (born February 5, 1515 at Bilina Castle in Croatia , Bukovica region (west of the city of Knin ); † January 21, 1587 in Vienna ) was a Croatian nobleman, archbishop and cardinal . From 1567 to 1576 he was Ban (viceroy) of Croatia .


Juraj Drašković came from the Croatian noble family Drašković . His father was Bartol Drašković (* approx. 1500; † 1538), a small nobleman from the south of Croatia. His mother Ana b. Utješinović, born in Kamičak , was a sister of the cardinal and statesman Juraj Utješinović , better known as Georg Martinuzzi .

He studied in Krakow , Vienna , Bologna and Rome , was ordained a priest in 1539 and became canon of Großwardein , abbot of Lelesz , infuled provost of the collegiate church of St. Martin in Pressburg , king and emperor Ferdinand I councilor and confessor, and in 1557 bishop of Fünfkirchen .

In 1561 he translated the book of Vincent von Lérins "Against the Heretics" ( Commonitorium fidei ). He took part in the Council of Trent for Croatia and Hungary , where he appeared in the interests of the emperor. Ferdinand appointed him bishop of Agram (Zagreb) in 1565 , and his successor Maximilian II to the real secret council , and in 1567 to the ban of Croatia , Dalmatia and Slavonia . In 1573 he became Archbishop of Kalocsa .

Juraj Drašković became ingloriously known in his position of power secured by the authorities, through the oppression and exploitation of the Croatian peasants entrusted to him. As a ban, he was instrumental in the ruthless suppression of the Croatian peasant uprising of 1573. He had the leader of the uprising, the peasant king Matija Gubec proclaimed by the Croatian peasants , tortured in Agram's St. Mark's Square (Markov Trg) and then executed.

Juraj Drašković organized the defense against the Turks , where he was relatively successful. For this, Emperor Rudolf II granted him the dignity of Hungarian court chancellor in 1578 and, in addition to his other benefices , gave him the diocese of Raab in 1578 . In 1584 the Emperor left the Trakošćan Castle to him , which remained in the family's possession until 1945. Elevated by Pope Sixtus V to cardinal priest on December 18, 1585 and governor of Hungary by Emperor Rudolf , he died on January 21, 1587.

Web links

Commons : Juraj II. Drašković  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. a b Cf. Draskovics, György. In: Salvador Miranda : The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church. ( Florida International University website , English) (English)
  2. According to some sources on January 31, 1587, cf. Draskovics, György. In: Salvador Miranda : The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church. ( Florida International University website , English), note 4
predecessor Office successor
János Liszthi Bishop of Raab
Peter Heresinczy
Paul IV Gregorianec Archbishop of Kalocsa
Jan V. Kutassy
Matija Bruman Bishop of Agram
Ivan Moslavački
Antun Vrančić Bishop of Fünfkirchen
Andreas Dudith