Juraj Drašković from Trakošćan
Juraj II. Drašković von Trakošćan , Hungarian György Draskovics (born February 5, 1515 at Bilina Castle in Croatia , Bukovica region (west of the city of Knin ); † January 21, 1587 in Vienna ) was a Croatian nobleman, archbishop and cardinal . From 1567 to 1576 he was Ban (viceroy) of Croatia .
Juraj Drašković came from the Croatian noble family Drašković . His father was Bartol Drašković (* approx. 1500; † 1538), a small nobleman from the south of Croatia. His mother Ana b. Utješinović, born in Kamičak , was a sister of the cardinal and statesman Juraj Utješinović , better known as Georg Martinuzzi .
He studied in Krakow , Vienna , Bologna and Rome , was ordained a priest in 1539 and became canon of Großwardein , abbot of Lelesz , infuled provost of the collegiate church of St. Martin in Pressburg , king and emperor Ferdinand I councilor and confessor, and in 1557 bishop of Fünfkirchen .
In 1561 he translated the book of Vincent von Lérins "Against the Heretics" ( Commonitorium fidei ). He took part in the Council of Trent for Croatia and Hungary , where he appeared in the interests of the emperor. Ferdinand appointed him bishop of Agram (Zagreb) in 1565 , and his successor Maximilian II to the real secret council , and in 1567 to the ban of Croatia , Dalmatia and Slavonia . In 1573 he became Archbishop of Kalocsa .
Juraj Drašković became ingloriously known in his position of power secured by the authorities, through the oppression and exploitation of the Croatian peasants entrusted to him. As a ban, he was instrumental in the ruthless suppression of the Croatian peasant uprising of 1573. He had the leader of the uprising, the peasant king Matija Gubec proclaimed by the Croatian peasants , tortured in Agram's St. Mark's Square (Markov Trg) and then executed.
Juraj Drašković organized the defense against the Turks , where he was relatively successful. For this, Emperor Rudolf II granted him the dignity of Hungarian court chancellor in 1578 and, in addition to his other benefices , gave him the diocese of Raab in 1578 . In 1584 the Emperor left the Trakošćan Castle to him , which remained in the family's possession until 1945. Elevated by Pope Sixtus V to cardinal priest on December 18, 1585 and governor of Hungary by Emperor Rudolf , he died on January 21, 1587.
- Text of the Croatian Lexicographic Institute "Miroslav Krleža" (Croatian)
- Draskovics, György. In: Salvador Miranda : The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church. ( Florida International University website), accessed October 28, 2016.
- Entry on György Drašković on catholic-hierarchy.org ; accessed on October 28, 2016.
- Cf. Draskovics, György. In: Salvador Miranda : The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church. ( Florida International University website , English) (English)
- According to some sources on January 31, 1587, cf. Draskovics, György. In: Salvador Miranda : The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church. ( Florida International University website , English), note 4
Bishop of Raab
|Paul IV Gregorianec||
Archbishop of Kalocsa
|Jan V. Kutassy|
Bishop of Agram
Bishop of Fünfkirchen
|SURNAME||Drašković from Trakošćan, Juraj|
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Drašković from Trakošćan, Juraj II .; Draskovics, György; Drašković, Cardinal György|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Bishop and Cardinal, Ban of Croatia|
|DATE OF BIRTH||February 5, 1515|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Biline Castle|
|DATE OF DEATH||January 21, 1587|
|Place of death||Vienna|