Silvius I. Nimrod (Württemberg-Oels)
Silvius was the son of Duke Julius Friedrich of Württemberg-Weiltingen and Anna Sabina of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg . In 1638 he took part in the army of Bernhard von Sachsen-Weimar in the siege of Breisach . On May 1, 1647, he married Elisabeth Marie von Oels in Oels , whose father, Duke Karl Friedrich I, died a few weeks later. Since he was the last ruling Duke of Oels, his duchy fell to the crown of Bohemia as a settled fiefdom . Therefore, Emperor Ferdinand III intended . in his capacity as King of Bohemia to confiscate the Duchy of Oels . After lengthy negotiations, with which Silvius undertook to pay 20,000 guilders and to cede the Moravian rule of Jaispitz , he was finally enfeoffed on December 15, 1648 in Vienna with the principality of Oels (as a media principality ). Subsequently, Silvius tried to rebuild the country devastated by the Thirty Years War , with his main focus on the areas of education and the church. In 1652 he founded the Knightly Order of the Skull , which existed until the 19th century. Angelus Silesius was his court doctor from 1647 to 1652 . Matthäus Apelles von Löwenstern was his ducal councilor and court conductor until 1639.
On April 26, 1664, Silvius I Nimrod died of a stroke while visiting Castle Briese . In accordance with the will, Duke Christian von Liegnitz-Brieg took over the guardianship of his sons. In order to prevent an imperial guardianship, which would presumably be followed by a Catholic education for the princes, he sent them to study at the Tübingen Collegium Illustre .
On May 1, 1647, Silvius married Elisabeth Marie von Oels (1625–1686) in Oels . The marriage had five sons and two daughters:
- Anna Sophie (1648–1661)
- Karl Ferdinand (1650–1669)
- Silvius II. Friedrich (1651–1697)
- Christian Ulrich I (1652–1704)
- Julius Siegmund (1653–1684)
- Kunigunde Juliana (* / † 1655)
- Sylvius (* / † 1660)
- Norbert Conrads : Educational Paths Between Silesia and Vienna. In: Joachim Bahlcke (Hrsg.): Silesia in the early modern age: On the political and intellectual culture of a Habsburg country (= New research on Silesian history. Volume 16). Böhlau, Cologne / Weimar / Vienna 2009, ISBN 3-412-20350-5 , pp. 186f.
- Gerhard Raff : Hie gut Wirtemberg every way. Volume 2: The House of Württemberg from Duke Friedrich I to Duke Eberhard III. With the Stuttgart, Mömpelgard, Weiltingen, Neuenstadt am Kocher, Neuenbürg and Oels lines in Silesia. 4th edition. Landhege, Schwaigern 2014, ISBN 978-3-943066-12-8 , p. 637.
- Martin Feist: Sylvius Nimrod, Duke of Oels . In: Zeitschrift für Geschichte und Altertum Schlesiens 52, 1918, pp. 85-102.
- Gerhard Raff : Hie good Wirtemberg all the way. Volume 2: The House of Württemberg from Duke Friedrich I to Duke Eberhard III. With the Stuttgart, Mömpelgard, Weiltingen, Neuenstadt am Kocher, Neuenbürg and Oels lines in Silesia. 4th edition. Landhege, Schwaigern 2014, ISBN 978-3-943066-12-8 , pp. 637-661.
- Harald Schukraft : 4.3.1 Silvius Nimrod . In: Sönke Lorenz , Dieter Mertens , Volker Press (eds.): Das Haus Württemberg. A biographical lexicon. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1997, ISBN 3-17-013605-4 , pp. 205f.
- Jan Županič: Württemberkové v Olešnici . In: Studia zachodne. Volume 13, 2011, pp. 49-64.
|SURNAME||Silvius I. Nimrod|
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Sylvius Nimrod von Württemberg-Oels, Sylvius Nimrod von Württemberg-Weiltingen|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Duke of Württemberg-Oels|
|DATE OF BIRTH||May 2, 1622|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Weiltingen|
|DATE OF DEATH||April 24, 1664|
|Place of death||Briese Castle|