Karl Friedrich I. (Oels)
Karl Friedrich I. von Oels (also Karl Friedrich I. von Podiebrad , Karl Friedrich I. von Oels und Münsterberg , Czech Karel Bedřich z Minstrberka ; born October 18, 1593 in Oels ; † May 31, 1647 ibid) was Duke of from 1617 Oels and from 1639 Duke of Bernstadt . He also held the title of Duke of Münsterberg and the title of Count von Glatz .
Karl Friedrich came from the Münsterberger family branch of the Bohemian noble family Podiebrad . His parents were Karl II. Von Münsterberg and Elisabeth Magdalena (1562-1630), daughter of the Brieger Duke Georg II.
After the death of his father in 1617, Karl Friedrich took over the government of the Duchy of Oels . At the same time, together with his older brother Heinrich Wenzel , he inherited the Moravian dominions Sternberg and Jaispitz , which belonged to him after Heinrich Wenzel's death in 1639. On December 4, 1618, he married Anna Sophie von Sachsen-Altenburg (1598–1641).
In 1619 Karl Friedrich was at the head of an embassy which had been commissioned by the Silesian princes and estates to invite the newly elected Bohemian King Friedrich to an inaugural visit to Wroclaw in Prague . On the homage trip there, the king was welcomed in February 1620 by Karl Friedrich and his brother Heinrich Wenzel in their north Moravian town of Sternberg.
In order to defend the freedom of belief and out of the desire to exert political influence, Karl Friedrich joined an alliance ( conjunction ) on August 9, 1633, together with the dukes Johann Christian von Brieg and Georg Rudolf von Liegnitz and the council of the city of Wroclaw Protection of Saxony, Brandenburg and Sweden provided. As a result, Karl Friedrich and his allies lost the emperor's favor. After the Peace of Prague in 1635, they had to make atonement.
After the death of his brother Heinrich Wenzel in 1639, Karl Friedrich succeeded him as Duke of Bernstadt. In 1642 he married Sophie Magdalena (1624–1660), daughter of Duke Johann Christian von Brieg, for the second time.
Karl Friedrich was the last male descendant from the Münsterberg line of the Podiebrad in Oels. Through the marriage of his only daughter Elisabeth Maria to Silvius Nimrod , Oels and the Bohemian rule of Sternberg came to the House of Württemberg .
- Ludwig Petry , Josef Joachim Menzel (ed.): History of Silesia . Vol. 2, ISBN 3-7995-6342-3 , pp. 62f., 67.
- Hugo Weczerka (Hrsg.): Handbook of the historical places . Volume: Silesia (= Kröner's pocket edition . Volume 316). Kröner, Stuttgart 1977, ISBN 3-520-31601-3 , pp. LXIV, 19 and 369 as well as family tables on pp. 602-603.
- After Karl Christoph von Münsterberg died childless in 1569, Münsterberg returned to the Crown of Bohemia as a settled fiefdom . Nevertheless, the Lords of Podiebrad were given the right to continue to use the Münsterberg duke title. S. History of Silesia . Vol. 2, p. 67
|SURNAME||Karl Friedrich I.|
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Karl Friedrich von Munsterberg and Oels; Karl Friedrich von Podiebrad; Karl Friedrich von Oels; Karel II z Minstrberka (Czech); Karel Bedřich z Minstrberka (Czech)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Duke of Oels (1617-1647); Duke of Bernstadt (1639–1647); Count von Glatz|
|DATE OF BIRTH||October 18, 1593|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Oels , Duchy of Oels , Holy Roman Empire|
|DATE OF DEATH||May 31, 1647|
|Place of death||Oels , Duchy of Oels , Holy Roman Empire|