Heinrich Wenzel (Oels-Bernstadt)

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Heinrich Wenzel von Oels and Bernstadt

Heinrich Wenzel von Oels und Bernstadt (also: Heinrich Wenzel von Podiebrad ; Heinrich Wenzel von Bernstadt ; Heinrich Wenzel von Münsterberg ; Czech: Hynek Václav z Minstrberka ; * 7 October 1592 probably in Oels ; † 21 August 1639 probably in Bernstadt ) 1617–1639 Duke of Bernstadt . He also held the title of Duke of Münsterberg and the title of Count von Glatz . From 1629 to 1639 he was governor of Silesia .


Heinrich Wenzel came from the Münsterberger family branch of the Bohemian noble family Podiebrad . His parents were Karl II. Von Münsterberg and Elisabeth Magdalena (1562-1630), daughter of the Brieger Duke Georg II.

In 1608 Heinrich Wenzel was appointed rector of the Brandenburg University in Frankfurt . After an educational trip through Europe, he became Imperial Army Commissioner for Silesia and Imperial Council. After the death of his father in 1617, he took over the government of the Duchy of Bernstadt . At the same time he inherited the Moravian dominions Sternberg and Jaispitz together with his younger brother Karl Friedrich .

In February 1620, Heinrich Wenzel and his brother Karl Friedrich welcomed the newly elected Bohemian King Friedrich V , who was elected in 1619 to his north Moravian town of Sternberg , who was on a homage trip to Breslau . In 1625 Heinrich Wenzel called the composer and hymn writer Matthäus Apelt to Bernstadt and in 1631 appointed him secretary of his court chancellery.

In 1627 Heinrich Wenzel lived for the coronation of the later Emperor Ferdinand III. to the Bohemian King in Prague. After the resignation of Liegnitz Duke Georg Rudolf in 1628 from the office of the Silesian governor ( Oberamt ) the political influence of the future governor was weakened by imperial decree. Against the promise of free religious practice for his country, King Ferdinand III. 1629 the office of captain to Heinrich Wenzel. When in 1632 the Protestant Silesian princes tried to get closer to the Swedish-Saxon conquerors in 1632, Heinrich Wenzel, who wanted to remain loyal to the emperor, refused to convene a prince's day and temporarily left the country. In contrast to his brother Karl Friedrich, who in 1633, together with the Dukes Johann Christian von Brieg and Georg Rudolf von Liegnitz and the Council of the City of Wroclaw, joined an alliance ( conjunction ) that placed itself under the protection of Saxony, Brandenburg and Sweden Heinrich Wenzel did not get the imperial favor.

In 1637 Heinrich Wenzel granted the town of Medzibor town charter . He died in 1639 and was buried in Oels. His brother Karl Friedrich followed him as Duke of Bernstadt.


  • On November 7, 1617, he married Anna Magdalena von Wittelsbach , Count Palatine von Veldenz (1602–1630). This marriage remained childless.
  • After Anna Magdalena's death, Heinrich Wenzel married Anna Ursula von Reibnitz († 1648) on August 26, 1636 . This marriage resulted in the daughter Anna Elisabeth, who was born in 1637 and died in 1642, as well as two sons who died in infancy. Anna Ursula von Reibnitz was born on January 16, 1637 in Regensburg by the Roman-German King Ferdinand III. raised to the rank of princess of Bernstadt.


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. He is sometimes called Heinrich Wenzel the Elder. J. referred to because his older brother of the same name, who died in 1591, had this first name.
  2. After Karl Christoph von Münsterberg died childless in 1569, Münsterberg returned to the Crown of Bohemia as a settled fiefdom . Nevertheless, the Lords of Podiebrad were given the right to continue to use the Münsterberg duke title. s. History of Silesia . Vol. 2, p. 67
  3. ^ C. Grunhagen: History of Silesia
  4. APELLES VON LÖWENSTERN, Matthäus composer ( Memento from August 7, 2009 in the Internet Archive ) In: ostdeutsche-biographie.de
  5. Karl Friedrich Pauli: General Prussian State History, including all associated kingdoms, electorates, duchies, principalities, counties and lordships, from proven writers and documents up to the current government. CP Francken, 1767, p. 529. limited preview in Google book search
  6. SILESIA. In: fmg.ac. June 15, 2014, accessed January 1, 2015 .