François d'Arlandes

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François Laurent d'Arlandes

François Laurent, Marquis d'Arlandes (* 1742 - May 1, 1809 ) was one of the first two people to take a ride in a hot air balloon .

Live and act

François d'Arlandes had met Joseph Montgolfier as a young man in Tournon at the Jesuit college and had also worked with the parachute . In 1782 he was almost killed while attempting to jump in the air from Montmartre . Nevertheless, he forced his participation in the first flight in a balloon the following year.

On November 21, 1783, the first manned free balloon flight in history was carried out in France with a Montgolfière . The balloon was carried by Jean-François Pilâtre de Rozier , François d'Arlandes flew as a passenger. The flight started in the garden of La Muette Castle in Passy and ended after a 25-minute drive across the Seine after about ten kilometers in Gentilly , about four kilometers from the center of the French capital Paris .

François d'Arlandes died in his castle in Anneyron in 1809 .


  • Friedrich R. Kreißl, Otto Krätz: Fire and Flame, Sound and Smoke. Show experiments and chemical history. 2nd Edition. Wiley-VCH, Weinheim 2008, ISBN 978-3-527-32276-3 , p. 156 .

Individual evidence

  1. ^ According to: Nouvelle biography générale . Vol. 40. Firmin Didot Frères, Paris 1862; to Jean-François Pilâtre de Rozier , Sp. 233