Joachim von Brandenstein (lawyer)

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Joachim Werner Matthias Adalbert Berthold Freiherr von Brandenstein (born January 26, 1864 in Hohenstein ; † September 13, 1941 in Niendorf ) was a German lawyer , administrative officer , landowner and politician ( DNVP ).


Joachim von Brandenstein came from the old Thuringian family von Brandenstein . His parents were Werner Georg Hans Joachim von Brandenstein (* March 6, 1826 - January 22, 1906) and his wife Marie Minka, b. von Arnim (born September 26, 1840 - † June 25, 1919). His younger brother was the later Lieutenant General Otto von Brandenstein (1865–1945). Both sons were born on Gut Hohenstein near Friedland.

Life and work

After graduating from high school in Anklam , von Brandenstein first served as a one-year volunteer in Colmar and then studied law and economics at the universities in Strasbourg and Berlin . He then joined the Prussian civil service as a court and government trainee. After he had passed the second state examination in law, he first worked as a government assessor at the District Office in Arnswalde .

After changing to the Mecklenburg-Schwerin State Service , von Brandenstein worked in the Dominalverwaltung of the Wittenburg Office and was active in the State Ministry of the Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin from 1900 to 1906 , most recently as Ministerialrat in the Ministry of the Interior. From 1906 he ran an estate in Niendorf . During the Kapp Putsch , communist farm workers were murdered on the estate, as a memorial plaque on the manor house commemorates. He also worked in the agricultural cooperative sector. Joachim Freiherr von Brandenstein died in Niendorf on September 13, 1941.


From 1905 to 1914, von Brandenstein was deputy authorized representative and from 1914 to 1918 authorized representative for the Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin to the Federal Council . At the same time he acted with the rank of secret legation councilor as envoy and plenipotentiary minister for both parts of Mecklenburg at the Prussian court in Berlin .

After the November Revolution , von Brandenstein became chairman of the Landbund in Mecklenburg and joined the German National People's Party (DNVP). Von Brandenstein actively supported the Kapp Putsch of March 1920 and was responsible for the murders that took place in this context (see above); however, there was no charge. On March 18, 1924, he was elected Prime Minister of the Free State of Mecklenburg-Schwerin by the Mecklenburg-Schwerin State Parliament. At the same time he took over the offices of Minister of State for Foreign Affairs and Interior. On April 21, 1926, he resigned with the entire State Ministry after the state parliament had previously withdrawn their trust. From 1926 to 1927 von Brandenstein himself was also a member of the state parliament .



He married Carola von Flotow on June 20, 1900 (* July 22, 1878).

See also


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Emil Julius Gumbel: Memorandum of the Reich Minister of Justice on "Four Years of Political Murder". The Malik-Verlag, Berlin 1924, p. 155-157 .