The pleasure garden is a (often park-like ) garden , which primarily serves to relax and delight the senses. It often also contains additional facilities (garden amusements) such as concert halls , pavilions , rides , zoos or menageries .
Pleasure gardens have existed for many centuries. In ancient Rome , the designed garden of Sallust ( Horti Sallustiani ) was developed as a private garden by the historian Gaius Sallustius Crispus . These gardens were acquired by the Roman emperor Tiberius . They contained many pavilions, sculptures and a Temple of Venus and were open to the public for centuries.
As early as the Middle Ages, the pleasure garden surrounded by a wall was provided with typical design elements such as arbor, pergola, fountain, lawn, trees, raised beds and stone or lawn benches. Of Albertus Magnus dates from the 13th century, which describes the installation of a pleasure garden.
In London the 18th and 19th century, there were many public pleasure gardens ( Pleasure gardens ). They often contained large concert halls or promenade concerts were performed. A smaller version of a British pleasure garden is a tea garden where visitors can have tea and stroll. The pleasure garden is one of six forms of the "perfect garden" from the 18th century. The others are vegetable garden , orchard , park , orangery or greenhouse and menagerie .
Well-known pleasure gardens include:
- in Germany:
- Lustgarten (Berlin) ,
- Lustgarten (Bagno Burgsteinfurt) ,
- Lustgarten (Detmold) ,
- the garden at Heidelberg Castle ,
- Prinzessingarten (Jesberg) ,
- Old Botanical Garden (Marburg) ,
- Lustgarten (Munich) in the English Garden ,
- Lustgarten (Potsdam) ,
- a game in the palace garden (Stuttgart)
- Lustgarten (Wernigerode) ,
- in Czech Republic:
- Ahníkov in Okres Chomutov
- Expert working group castles and gardens in Germany (Ed.): Lustgarten - Gartenlust. - The most beautiful historical gardens in Germany. Official guide of the palace administrations in Baden-Württemberg, Bavaria, Berlin-Brandenburg, Dessau-Wörlitz, Hesse, Rhineland-Palatinate, Saxony, Thuringia , Schnell & Steiner Verlag, 2003, ISBN 978-3-7954-1535-8 .
- Melanie Doderer-Winkler: Magnificent Entertainments: Temporary Architecture for Georgian Festivals. London / New Haven (Yale University Press for The Paul Mellon Center for Studies in British Art, 2013). ISBN 0-300-18642-8 and ISBN 978-0-300-18642-0 .
- Christina Becela-Deller: Ruta graveolens L. A medicinal plant in terms of art and cultural history. (Mathematical and natural scientific dissertation Würzburg 1994) Königshausen & Neumann, Würzburg 1998 (= Würzburg medical-historical research. Volume 65). ISBN 3-8260-1667-X , pp. 100 and 102 f.
- Marylin Stokstad, Jerry Stannard: Gardens of the middle ages. The University of Kansas, Lawrence 1983, p. 59.
- Christopher Thacker: The history of the gardens. Zurich 1979, pp. 83-89.
- Christina Becela-Deller: Ruta graveolens L. A medicinal plant in terms of art and cultural history. 1998, p. 102.
- Dieter Hennebo : Gardens of the Middle Ages. Hamburg 1962, p. 42.