Federal Garden Show

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The Federal Horticultural Show ( BUGA ) is a German exhibition on horticulture that also includes topics such as landscape architecture . It takes place every two years in various German cities, every ten years as an International Horticultural Exhibition (IGA). At the same time there are state horticultural shows in the federal states.


In addition to federal authorities and the organizing cities, the Deutsche Bundesgartenschau GmbH (DBG), founded in 1993, is involved today, backed by the Zentralverband Gartenbau e. V. (ZVG), the Federal Association of Gardening, Landscaping and Sports Field Construction (BGL) and the Association of German Tree Nurseries (BdB). The patronage of a federal horticultural show is taken over by the respective federal president .

As part of a federal horticultural show, extensive open space planning and redesign are taking place in the respective cities with a high budget , which serve the regional development goals. Often a completely new federal horticultural show site is created, which attracts millions of visitors over a period of several months.

In the first few decades, the federal horticultural shows mostly took place in the major metropolises of the Federal Republic. Since the mid-1990s, smaller towns with around 100,000 inhabitants have also increasingly been selected as hosts. The Federal Horticultural Show 2007 was the first BUGA to be held on two exhibition areas in two neighboring cities ( Gera and Ronneburg ). With the Federal Garden Show 2015 in Havelland, a strongly decentralized Federal Garden Show took place for the first time, spread across five locations in two federal states.

The Federal Horticultural Show has already been organized in twelve federal states, the most recent being Thuringia (2007) and Rhineland-Palatinate (2011). In the federal states of Bremen , Saarland , Saxony and Schleswig-Holstein there were no federal horticultural shows.


Horticultural exhibitions have a centuries-old tradition , sometimes as a short-term opening of private gardens .

The first international agricultural and horticultural exhibition took place from September 9th to 17th, 1865 in Erfurt . On September 6, 1876, a General German Horticultural Exhibition was opened in the Augustapark of the Erfurt Steigers in the presence of Empress Augusta , which lasted until September 17, 1876. Until the First World War, several national horticultural exhibitions were held in the traditional "city of flowers".

There is evidence of an international horticultural exhibition in Dresden in 1887 , for which a Hamburg State Prize was donated due to the importance of the exhibition. The exhibition took place in the presence of Heinrich Gustav Reichenbach , a world-renowned botanist and director of the Hamburg Botanical Garden since 1863 .

In 1896 a second international horticultural exhibition was organized in Dresden , on the occasion of which the city ​​exhibition palace was opened. In 1900 the series of exhibitions with the Great German Horticultural Exhibition was continued there because of such a tradition . Finally, in 1907, the III. International horticultural exhibition again in Dresden. In the same year, a large horticultural exhibition was also held in Mannheim .

Meanwhile, the teaching Mainzer Horticultural Association in 1901, the General German Horticultural Exposition , and in Altona followed in 1914 on the 250th anniversary of Altona and the exemption from Danish rule, the German Horticultural Exposition . The two aforementioned exhibitions were organized with significant participation by Ferdinand Tutenberg .

After the end of the First World War, three nationally oriented garden shows took place in the 1920s ( Weimar Republic ) - at the time referred to as horticultural exhibitions - with some international participation and an extremely positive response from the public:


Reichsgartenschau 1938, ceramic courtyard, in the background flower courtyard and Grugaturm

Until the beginning of the Second World War, this tradition was continued with Reichsgartenschau (official name Reichsausstellungen des German horticulture ) (hence the renewed choice of Dresden and Essen as venues):

  • 1933: German Horticultural Exhibition in Berlin, in the exhibition halls on Kaiserdamm. First large horticultural hall show in Germany. Head: Gustav Allinger .
  • 1933: Annual Show of German Garden Culture and Landscape Management ( JaDeGa ) from June 24th to October 10th 1933 in the expanded city ​​hall garden in Hanover
  • 1936: 1st Reich Exhibition of German Horticulture on the municipal exhibition grounds and parts of the Great Garden in Dresden from April 24 to October 11, 1936, which was briefly called the Dresden Reich Garden Show
  • 1938: 2nd Reich Exhibition of German Horticulture from April 26 to October 12, 1938 as the second Reich Garden Show in Essen's Grugapark : The site is almost doubled, including a ceramic courtyard and a large flower courtyard
  • 1939: 3rd Reich Exhibition of German Horticulture from April 22 to September 2, 1939 in Stuttgart as the third Reich Garden Show ; The Killesberg Park in Stuttgart goes back to this .

post war period

Today's Federal Garden Show, however, is a child of the Federal Republic's post-war history: in 1949 the Southwest German Garden Show (SÜWEGA) took place in Landau in the Palatinate , Stuttgart followed in 1950 with the German Garden Show and 1951 is the year of today's first Federal Garden Show with the 1951 Federal Garden Show in Hanover . From May to October 1952, however, a simple, 2nd Great Ruhr Land Horticultural Exhibition ( Gruga ) took place in Essen. In view of federal and state horticultural shows, Essen then no longer held a Gruga, but then organized the federal horticultural show in 1965 (see below).

The IGA in Munich reached the highest number of visitors at a BUGA in 1983 with 11.5 million visitors, of which up to 250,000 were in one day. The Federal Garden Show in Mannheim in 1975 had the second highest number of visitors to date with 8.1 million visitors and was the most successful BUGA to date. After the international horticultural exhibition in Stuttgart in 1993 , which was very successful with 7.3 million visitors , the number of visitors to the following exhibitions fell sharply. Until 2011, the number of visitors stayed below three million. It was not until the Federal Garden Show 2011 in Koblenz exceeded this mark and counted a total of 3,558,274 visitors by the end of October 16, 2011, which is the record number of visitors at a Federal Garden Show since the electronic counting system was introduced in 1997.

As a socialist alternative to the Buga or IGA, the international horticultural exhibition “iga” was created in Erfurt in 1961, and in 1991 it was converted into today's egapark . The egapark is to form the heart of the BUGA 2021 in Erfurt.


year Period city park country comment logo
1951 April 28th -
October 31st
Hanover Stadtpark (city hall garden) Lower Saxony first and to date only federal horticultural show in Lower Saxony
April 30th -
October 11th
Hamburg Planten un Blomen Hamburg first federal horticultural show in Hamburg
1955 April 29th -
October 16th
kassel Karlsaue Hesse first federal horticultural show in Hessen; the first documenta took place as a side program
1957 April 29th -
October 24th
Cologne Rheinpark North Rhine-Westphalia first federal horticultural show in North Rhine-Westphalia
1959 April 30th -
October 17th
Dortmund Westfalenpark North Rhine-Westphalia
1961 April 28th -
October 15th
Stuttgart Upper and Middle Palace Gardens ,
Killesberg Park
Baden-Württemberg first federal horticultural show in Baden-Württemberg
April 26th -
October 13th
Hamburg Planten un Blomen ,
(old) botanical garden , small and large ramparts
1965 April 29th -
October 17th
eat Grugapark North Rhine-Westphalia
1967 April 14th -
October 23rd
Karlsruhe City garden , palace garden Baden-Württemberg
1969 April 25th -
October 12th
Dortmund Westfalenpark North Rhine-Westphalia EUROFLOR
1971 April 29th -
October 24th
Cologne Rheinpark , Riehler Aue North Rhine-Westphalia
April 27th -
October 7th
Hamburg Planten un Blomen , small and large ramparts Hamburg
1975 April 18 -
October 19
Mannheim Luisenpark , Herzogenriedpark Baden-Württemberg Most successful BUGA to date with 8.1 million visitors
1977 April 29th -
October 23rd
Stuttgart Lower palace garden Baden-Württemberg BUGA1977 S.jpg
1979 April 27th -
October 21st
Bonn Rheinaue North Rhine-Westphalia
1981 April 30th -
October 18th
kassel Fuldaaue , Karlsaue Hesse
April 28th -
October 9th
Munich Westpark (Mollgelände) Bavaria first federal horticultural show in Bavaria; approx. 11.5 million visitors,
including over 250,000 on peak days;
Most popular Federal Horticultural Show
Logo IGA Muenchen 1983.svg
1985 April 26th -
October 20th
Berlin Britz garden Berlin first Federal Horticultural Show in Berlin
1987 April 30th -
October 11th
Dusseldorf Volksgarten , south park North Rhine-Westphalia
1989 April 21st -
October 15th
Frankfurt Niddapark Hesse Logo BUGA 1989.jpg
1991 April 26th -
October 20th
Dortmund Westfalenpark North Rhine-Westphalia
April 23rd -
October 17th
Stuttgart Green U ( Höhenpark Killesberg , Wartberg ,
Leibfriedscher Garten , Rosensteinpark )
1995 April 29th -
October 8th
cottbus Elias - and Spreeauenpark Brandenburg first federal horticultural show in Brandenburg and in the new
federal states;
Cottbus only stepped in as an organizer in 1993 after Berlin's cancellation
Buga 95 Cottbus Logo.svg
1997 April 19 -
October 5
Gelsenkirchen North Star Park North Rhine-Westphalia first federal horticultural show on a former coal industry site
1999 April 23rd -
October 17th
Magdeburg Elbauenpark Saxony-Anhalt first federal horticultural show in Saxony-Anhalt
2001 April 21st -
October 7th
Potsdam Volkspark (Bornstedter Feld) Brandenburg The main attractions included the motifs "Places on the River",
"Historic City Center", "Feldflur" and " Biosphere Potsdam "
April 25th -
October 12th
Rostock IGA park Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania first federal horticultural show in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania IGA Rostock 2003 Logo.gif
2005 April 28th -
October 9th
Munich Riemer Park Bavaria Federal Garden Show 2005 Logo.svg
2007 April 27th -
October 14th
Gera ,
Hofwiesenpark ,
New Landscape Ronneburg
Thuringia first federal horticultural show in Thuringia and first in two cities Buga 2007 Gera Logo.svg
2009 April 23 -
October 11
Schwerin Downtown, around the castle Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania Buga 2009 Schwerin Logo.svg
2011 April 15 -
October 16
Koblenz Three core areas: Blumenhof at the Deutsches Eck ,
Electoral Palace
and Ehrenbreitstein Fortress
Rhineland-Palatinate first federal horticultural show in Rhineland-Palatinate Buga 2011 Koblenz Logo.svg
April 26th -
October 13th
Hamburg Elbe island Wilhelmsburg with Georgswerder Hamburg IGS 2013 Hamburg.svg
2015 April 18 -
October 11
Havel region
highly decentralized;
first transnational federal horticultural show
BUGA Havel Region 2015 Logo.svg
April 13th -
October 15th
Berlin " Gardens of the World ", expansion areas and parts of the Wuhletal Berlin As a test project, the first garden show, the sustainability of which was certified according to the FLL guidelines for sustainable outdoor areas
2019 April 17th -
October 6th
Heilbronn Neckar bend Baden-Württemberg first federal horticultural show with city exhibition Buga2019.svg
2021 April 23 - October 10 Erfurt egapark , Petersberg , Gera-Aue (from Nordpark to Kilianipark) Thuringia at the same time the 60th anniversary of the egapark, where the first international horticultural exhibition of socialist countries took place in 1961
2023 April 20 - October 23 Mannheim Conversion site “Spinelli Barracks”, Feudenheimer Au Baden-Württemberg
2025 Rostock City harbor and Warnowufer Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania
Ruhr area North Rhine-Westphalia decentralized
2029 World Heritage cultural landscape of the Upper Middle Rhine Valley Koblenz to Bingen / Rüdesheim Rhineland-Palatinate highly decentralized

Criticism of garden shows from 1980

“Garden shows” are performance shows of the horticultural industry and its associations co-financed with tax revenues. They should serve as a tourist attraction and attract visitors to the host cities. As early as 1980, in view of the Federal Garden Show in Kassel in 1981, the German Werkbund published the brochure Destroyed by Care , which showed in detail how the historic Karlsaue in Kassel was prepared, damaged and disfigured for the show. The sociologist and economist Lucius Burckhardt already called for a rethink at that time: “After the Second World War”, he argued, “garden shows helped restore the parks to their parks or repair them”, but now there are hardly any “open spaces close to cities, that can be transformed into parks ”, the result is that“ parks that were once usable are too richly orchestrated and therefore transformed into parks that can only be viewed ”.

In the course of the preparations for the igs 2013 in Hamburg-Wilhelmsburg, almost 2500 trees were felled and more than 4000 meters of hedge vegetation removed, according to a report by the "Harburg Ads and News". A 2860 square meter wet meadow was also drained to create a noise protection wall. Hamburg spent a total of 70 million euros on igs. Nature was also permanently destroyed for the construction of 2500 parking spaces, which were only used during the garden show. And even the compensatory measures in the east of the Elbe island once again destroyed intact biotopes, as wetlands and meadows there were redesigned to make room for tree planting.

See also

Web links

Commons : Bundesgartenschau  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files
Wiktionary: Bundesgartenschau  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

  1. Even the French Sun King Louis XIV himself wrote a guide through the palace gardens of Versailles; see: Simone Hoog, Daniel Meyer: Versailles - The Great Art Guide , p. 126. In German-speaking countries, for example, under Elector Karl Theodor, the park of Schwetzingen Palace was partially open to the public. At the entrance to the Great Garden in Hanover-Herrenhausen , the park rules, carved in stone, still hang today, on which it can be read: "Everyone is allowed to make a change in the royal garden".
  2. Jürgen Zerrull: Development of the Erfurt garden shows. A demolition. In: Martin Baumann, Steffen Raßloff (eds.): City of flowers Erfurt. Waid - Horticulture - iga / egapark. Erfurt 2011, pp. 208–222
  3. Hamburger Staatsarchiv, Findbuch Volume 4, p. 436
  4. ^ Heinrich Gustav Reichenbach (1823-1889) , orchids.co.in
  5. a b Hamburger Staatsarchiv, Findbuch Volume 4, p. 437
  6. Hamburger Staatsarchiv, Findbuch Volume 4, p. 441
  7. ^ City of Mannheim, Michael Caroli, Ulrich Nieß (eds.): History of the city of Mannheim: Vol. 2 1801-1914. Ubstadt-Weiher 2008, ISBN 978-3-89735-471-5 .
  8. Hamburger Staatsarchiv, Findbuch Volume 4, p. 473
  9. ^ Official catalog for the […] General German Horticultural Exhibition, organizer. by the Mainz Horticultural Association , Mainz. ZDB ID: 2191696-2.
  10. Page on the rose garden in the Altona city park ( memento from July 14, 2012 in the web archive archive.today ), website of the landscape architect J. Schnitter
  11. ^ Gustav Allinger: Exhibition garden German Horticultural Exhibition Berlin 1933 , Technical University Berlin, architecture museum in the university library
  12. ^ Federal Garden Show and Flower Parade , cultural archive at the FH Hannover
  13. Stuttgart Exhibition GmbH (Ed.): German Garden Show Stuttgart 1950. Plan and guide . Stuttgart 1950.
  14. a b Number of visitors to the Federal Garden Show and the International Garden Show from 1951 to 2013 (in millions). In: statista. Accessed February 9, 2014 (fee required).
  15. a b City of Munich - Building Department: 20 Years Westpark - A landscape to breathe easily . Munich 2005. Chapter planning and first construction phase , pp. 10–15
  16. a b City of Mannheim, Michael Caroli, Ulrich Nieß (ed.): History of the City of Mannheim, Volume 3: 1914–2007. Ubstadt-Weiher 2009, ISBN 978-3-89735-472-2 .
  17. ^ IGA Stuttgart 1993 ( Memento from March 7, 2014 in the Internet Archive )
  18. BUGA Koblenz 2011. In: Bundesgartenschau.de. Retrieved February 9, 2014 .
  19. The Buga should have a long lasting effect in: Rhein-Zeitung , October 17, 2011
  20. ^ Page on the Federal Garden Show in Potsdam
  21. FLL - Forschungsgesellschaft Landschaftsentwicklung Landschaftsbau e. V.
  22. ^ Kassels Karlsaue - destroyed by maintenance , in: Lotus International, No. 31, 1981
  23. The sacrificial garden - nature in Wilhelmsburg needs 25 years to recover from the garden show ( Memento from February 20, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) , HAN, March 20, 2012, p. 3 (retrieved from Internet Archive)
  24. Elbe island nature will only recover in 25 years - around 2000 trees were cut down in Wilhelmsburg. Member of Parliament criticizes compensatory measures , Hamburger Abendblatt, March 21, 2012