Salomé de Gélieu

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Salomé de Gélieu around 1800

Salomé de Gélieu (born April 17, 1742 in Les Bayards , † March 29, 1820 in Colombier ) was a Swiss educator and educator at European princely courts.


Salomé was born to the preacher Jacques de Gélieu and his wife Elisabeth, née Willy, and grew up with five siblings in Les Verrières .

After the death of her father in 1763, she and her sisters Rose and Marie-Elisabeth opened a boarding school for young girls in Neuchâtel in 1765 . Between 1768 and 1777 she worked as a teacher in England and taught the daughters of George Spencer, 4th Duke of Marlborough .

Following their return to Neuchatel in 1777 led her and her sister Esther de Gélieu the away from her-founded boarding school in Neuchatel, until they have a reputation as in 1785 governess of Princess Therese , Friederike and Luise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz to Darmstadt received . At the same time she looked after their brothers Georg and Karl von Mecklenburg . She worked in this function at the court of Princess George until 1793 and after the engagement of the princesses Friederike and Luise to the princes Friedrich-Wilhelm and Louis of Prussia she returned to the Principality of Neuchâtel, where she lived in the rectory until her death in 1820 her brother Jonas de Gélieu lived in Colombier.

She maintained a lively correspondence with her students until her death. The Prussian King Friedrich-Wilhelm III. visited her in 1814 together with his son Wilhelm , she also received a visit from the Prussian Crown Prince Friedrich-Wilhelm .

In the biographical literature on Queen Luise of Prussia , she is often confused with her sister Susanne-Salomé de Gélieu (1737-1808), who, however, left the area of ​​Neuchâtel during her life at best to move to the Lignières neighboring her place of residence and to the then principality La Neuveville, which belongs to Basel .


During her work as a tutor to the princesses Luise and Friederike, Salomé de Gélieu visited the Cromford textile factory in Ratingen, which Johann Gottfried Brügelmann founded in 1787 . Your report on this visit served as an important source for the reconstruction of the machines of the Cromford textile factory as part of the Rheinisches Industriemuseum .


Individual evidence

  1. First published by Karl Deicke : Marie Louise Albertine, Landgrave of Hesse, visits her rule Broich in 1787 and 1791. In: Zeitschrift des Mülheimer Geschichtsverein 1935, pp. 2–21; complete with: Carsten Peter Thiede , Eckhard G. Franz: Years with Luise von Mecklenburg-Strelitz. From notes and letters from Salomé von Gélieu (1742–1822). In: Archive for Hessian History and Archeology NF 43, 1985, ISSN  0066-636X , pp. 79–160.
  2. ^ Martin Schmidt: Technology transfer. In: LVR-Industriemuseum (ed.): Cromford Ratingen - Living worlds between first factory and manor house around 1800. Ratingen 2010, ISBN 978-3-9813700-0-3 , p. 139.