|NE is the abbreviation for the canton of Neuchâtel in Switzerland and is used to avoid confusion with other entries of the name Lignières .|
|Canton :||Neuchâtel (NE)|
|District :||No district division|
|BFS no. :||6456|
|Postal code :||2523|
|Coordinates :||571 755 / 214 770|
|Height :||802 m above sea level M.|
|Height range :||740–1478 m above sea level M.|
|Area :||12.52 km²|
|Residents:||968 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||77 inhabitants per km²|
Lignières, a view from the northeast
|Location of the municipality|
Lignières is a municipality in the canton of Neuchâtel in Switzerland . The former German name Linieri is no longer used today.
Lignières lies at 802 m above sea level. M. , 14 km northeast of the canton capital Neuchâtel (linear distance). The farming village extends on the southwestern edge of the Montagne de Diesse high plateau south of the Chasseral , in a panoramic position high above Lake Biel and the plains of the Swiss plateau .
The area of the 12.5 km² municipal area includes the westernmost section of the plateau de Diesse, which is flat as a pot in this area. In the village of Lignières, this is drained via the Ruisseau de Vaux brook to Lake Biel. In the west, the area extends over the height of Serroue ( 1055 m above sea level ), the valley basin of Les Prés sur Lignières to the Jura chain of the Chasseral. Here is on the Chuffort with 1478 m above sea level. M. reached the highest point of the municipality. In 1997, 7% of the municipal area was accounted for by settlements, 32% for forests and woodlands and 61% for agriculture.
The hamlet of Le Moulin , 815 m above sea level, belongs to Lignières . M. on the western edge of the Plateau de Diesse, and numerous individual farms. Neighboring municipalities of Lignières are Le Landeron , Enges and Val-de-Ruz in the canton of Neuchâtel and Nods , Plateau de Diesse and La Neuveville in the canton of Bern .
With 968 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2018) Lignières is one of the smaller municipalities in the canton of Neuchâtel. 91.0% of the residents are French-speaking, 5.0% German-speaking and 1.0% English-speaking (as of 2000). The population has increased significantly, especially in the last few decades.
The voting shares of the parties in the 2015 National Council election were: FDP 34.3%, SVP 27.8%, SP 15.8%, GPS 8.2%, glp 3.8%, CVP 3.6%, PdA 3.5 %, List you vote blanc 1.4%, BDP 1.3%.
Lignières was a mainly agricultural village until the beginning of the 1980s , after which it has developed into a residential community. In the village there are jobs in a cheese dairy, in the timber trade and in local small businesses. However, many workers are commuters who work in Le Landeron or the Neuchâtel region. There is a racing track for automobiles and motorcycles on the plateau.
The municipality is located off the major thoroughfares on the cantonal roads of Le Landeron or La Neuveville on the Plateau de Diesse. Lignières is connected to the public transport network by the Postbus course that runs from Le Landeron to Nods and another line to Saint-Blaise .
Finds of burial mounds from the Hallstatt period indicate a very early settlement of the Lignières area. Traces of a villa from Roman times have also been discovered. The first written mention of the village took place in 1178 under the name Linieres , as early as 1246 the current spelling appeared. At that time, the Saint-Imier chapter owned land in Lignières.
Lignières belonged to the county of Neuchâtel in the 13th century. From 1326 onwards, the Counts of Neuchâtel and the Prince-Bishops of Basel jointly exercised their rights over the village, and there were repeated disputes. The origin of the area known as Franc-Alleu also dates back to this time : no transfer fee had to be paid when buying or selling land. This peculiarity was not abolished until 1991.
Lignières came back to Neuchâtel in 1625 through a barter, while the prince-bishopric and the city of Bern continued to be responsible for military and church affairs. The respective pastor was to be determined in consultation between Bern and the Vénérable Compagnie des Pasteurs of Neuchâtel. By decision of the Congress of Vienna in 1815 the village was finally assigned to the Canton of Neuchâtel. In 1832, numerous houses fell victim to a village fire.
In the center of Lignières there are still some characteristic farmhouses from the 18th and 19th centuries. The church was built on the site of a chapel that was mentioned in 1179 and consecrated to Saint-Loup.
- Esther de Gélieu (1757–1817), teacher, headmistress and educator, grew up in Lignières
- Isabelle Morel (1779–1834), writer and translator, born in Lignières
- Official website of the municipality of Lignières (French)
- Olivier Girardbille: Lignières. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
- Website of the FHCL Foundation (committed to the historical and cultural heritage protection of the municipality of Lignières)
- ↑ Permanent and non-permanent resident population by year, canton, district, municipality, population type and gender (permanent resident population). In: bfs. admin.ch . Federal Statistical Office (FSO), August 31, 2019, accessed on December 22, 2019 .
- ^ Election du Conseil National du October 18, 2015, Résultats des partis - Les suffrages. (aspx) (No longer available online.) Chancellerie d'État neuchâtelois, October 18, 2015, archived from the original on November 1, 2015 ; Retrieved October 30, 2016 (French). Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.