Simon Louis you Ry

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Simon Louis du Ry (born January 13, 1726 in Kassel ; † August 23, 1799 there ) was an architect and master builder in Hessen-Kassel . He is considered one of the most important builders of classicism .


Fridericianum from 1779

He was the son of Huguenot architect Charles du Ry (son of Paul du Ry born) in Kassel and came from a French refugee family that after the revocation of the Edict of Nantes by Louis XIV. To escape from France had and Landgraf Karl in Hesse added has been. He was trained in Stockholm . His educational trips took him to Paris and between 1753 and 1756 to Rome . In Rome he got to know and drew classicist works, for example the tomb of the Marchese Caponi in the church of San Giovanni dei Fiorentini . A drawing of this has been preserved. Simon then returned to Kassel and, after the death of his father in 1757, became the chief architect and master builder of the royal court.

After the end of the Seven Years' War , the fortifications around the city of Kassel were razed under Landgrave Friedrich II , as they had become militarily worthless. Du Ry significantly redesigned the areas that became free. The circular Königsplatz , the Friedrichsplatz , and the Museum Fridericianum in Kassel are his most important works. The museum building was heavily criticized by Claude-Nicolas Ledoux , albeit ineffective . Around 1770 the Wabern Hunting Lodge , built between 1704 and 1707, was expanded according to his designs.


Du Ry belonged to a generation of architects whose work fell in the second half of the 18th century and thus in a time of radical style change. Various influences had led to a departure from the formal language of the Baroque and Rococo. The ideas of one of his teachers, Jacques-François Blondel , who represented the classical French architectural theory of noble simplicity , he carried out especially in his urban planning commissions. He avoided exaggerated accents and endeavored to find pragmatic solutions, even to get by with tight funds.


Schönburg Castle (Montcherie), Hofgeismar, Kassel

His construction tasks as Kassel court builder were:

Simon Louis du Ry is also responsible for the design and execution of several country castles and was involved in the realization of other castles:


in alphabetical order by authors / editors

  • Harald Brock: The country seat architecture Simon Louis Du Rys . Jonas Verlag for Art and Literature, Marburg 2009, ISBN 978-3-89445-402-9
  • Christoph Dittscheid: Kassel-Wilhelmshöhe and the crisis in palace construction at the end of the Ancien Régime: Charles De Wailly, Simon Louis Du Ry and Heinrich Christoph Jussow as architects of the palace and Löwenburg in Wilhelmshöhe (1785 - 1800) . Wernersche Verlagsgesellschaft , Worms 1987. ISBN 978-3-88462-029-8
  • Michael Frede, Götz J. Pfeiffer: The fountain temple of Simon-Louis du Ry at the Gesundbrunnen to Hofgeismar in the past and present. In: Yearbook for the district of Kassel . 2012, pp. 111-117.
  • Hans ReutherYou Ry, Simon Louis. In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 4, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1959, ISBN 3-428-00185-0 , pp. 203 f. ( Digitized version ).
  • Eckard Wörner, Stadtsparkasse Kassel (ed.): Simon Louis du Ry: a pioneer of classicist architecture in Germany . 1980.

Web links

Commons : Simon Louis du Ry  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Staatliche Museen Kassel, Graphic Collection, Inventory No .: GS 1110, graphite and pen, gray wash.
  2. Gerd Fenner: 200 years Kirchditmold Church . Information center of the Evangelical Church of Kurhessen-Waldeck, 1992. P. 27 ff.