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Coordinates: 10 ° 27 ′  N , 64 ° 10 ′  W
Map: Sucre
Cumaná on the map of Sucre
Basic data
Country Venezuela
State Sucre
City foundation December 23, 1515
Residents 480,763  (2013-10-30)
City insignia
Bandera de la ciudad de Cumaná.jpg
Detailed data
surface 591 km 2
Population density 813 inhabitants / km 2
height 43  m
Waters Caribbean
Post Code 6101
prefix (+58) 293
Time zone UTC -4: 30
View of Cumaná
View of Cumaná

Cumaná is a city in northeastern Venezuela . The population is 480,763 (as of October 30, 2013). Cumaná is the seat of the Archdiocese of Cumaná .


The capital of the state of Sucre with a seaport is located at the mouth of the Manzanares River in the Caribbean Sea .


Ferdinand Konrad Bellermann : View of Cumaná, 1843

An ethnic group of the Caribbean culture, the Chaimas, as well as the Guaikeries tribe lived in this region when the Spaniards arrived.

In 1515 the city was founded by Spanish conquerors, making it the first permanent settlement of Europeans in South America . Earthquakes have already destroyed the city several times, particularly in 1766, 1797 and 1929.

The city was the first place that Alexander von Humboldt visited during his trip through America. He explored the area around the city in mid-1799 and observed the Leonids there on November 12, 1799 .

On August 11, 1929, General Román Delgado Chalbaud attempted an uprising in the port of Cumaná , in which the German cargo steamer Falke was also involved. Immediately after the rebels landed , a battle with government troops broke out at Guzmán Blanco Bridge (now Avenida Bermúdez ) , in which both Delgado and the leader of the government troops and governor of the state of Sucre, General Emilio Fernández, were killed. The insurgents fled to the falcon and left Cumaná that same day.


Cumaná has a natural harbor that is equipped with modern facilities for unloading cargo. The main export products are coffee , tobacco and sugar cane . Distilleries, furniture and textile factories as well as several cigar factories have settled in the city. Cumaná has a university , the Universidad de Oriente (founded in 1958 ).


The city has a number of colonial buildings in excellent condition. Facing the sea is an old Spanish fortress, the Castle of San Antonio de la Eminencia. The Santa Maria de la Cabeza Castle, built in 1669, houses a maritime museum.

sons and daughters of the town

Web links

Commons : Cumaná  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Andreas W. Daum: Alexander von Humboldt . CH Beck, Munich 2019, ISBN 978-3-406-73435-9 , pp. 48 .