Carl Ludwig Blume

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Carl Ludwig Ritter von Blume (born June 9, 1796 in Braunschweig , † February 3, 1862 in Leiden ) was a German-Dutch botanist . His merits lie mainly in the research and classification of the Indonesian (former term: "East Indian") flora. Its botanical author abbreviation is " flower "; earlier the abbreviation " Bl. " was also used.

Carl Ludwig Blume (1796–1862)

Live and act

Cover picture of the Collection des Orchidées les plus remarquables de l'archipel Indien et du Japon by Carl Ludwig Blume, 1858

Blume was born in Braunschweig as the son of a businessman. He studied at the University of Leiden . In 1818 he went to Jakarta as a naturalist on behalf of his teacher and patron Sebald Justinus Brugmans (1763-1819) , which was then called Batavia. He lived in the Sunda Islands until 1827 and collected plants. When he returned home, he brought over 3,000 species of plants with him. After his return, Blume was ennobled; he was appointed councilor and knight of the order of the Dutch lion .

Blume became professor of natural history at the University of Leiden and director of the Rijksherbarium in Leiden.

Blume made the following contribution to his hometown Braunschweig: The head of Ferdinand von Schill , which has been inlaid in alcohol in the anatomical museum of the University of Leiden since 1809, was brought to Braunschweig in an urn in 1837 through his intercession to Prince Friedrich of the Netherlands , where fourteen of his comrades in combat were already there had been buried. In the same year a Schill memorial was erected in Braunschweig .

Blume published numerous scientific writings with illustrations, which were created by Johann Arckenhausen , among others . He was a member of the editorial team of the botanical journal Flore des serres et des jardins de l'Europe published by Louis van Houtte .

Taxa named after Blume

The genera Blumea DC. from the plant family Compositae (Asteraceae), and Blum Ella Tiegh. from the plant family of the belt flowers (Loranthaceae) are named after him. Further genera that are named after him are flower odendron (Müll.Arg.) Short from the family of milkweed plants (Euphorbiaceae) and flower orchis Szlach. from the orchid family (Orchidaceae).


In 1818, Blume was elected a member of the Leopoldina Scholars' Academy . He was elected as a corresponding member of the Royal Dutch Academy of Sciences (KNAW). From 1851 he was a corresponding member of the Académie des sciences


  • Bijdragen tot de flora van Nederlandsch Indië… ( Botanicus - 1825–1827).
  • Enumeratio plantarum Javae et insularum adjacentium . (1827-1828).
  • Carl Ludwig Blume, with Johann Baptist Fischer : Flora Javae nec non insularum adjacentium… ( - 1828–1858).
  • Rumphia, sive commentationes botanicae imprimis de plantis Indiae orientalis… ( - 1836–1849, 4 volumes with 170 plates).
  • Museum botanicum lugduno-batavum… ( Botanicus - 1849–1857).


Web links

Commons : Carl Ludwig Blume  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Wilhelm Neubert: Van Houtte's price list and his Flore des Serres et des Jardins de L'Europe. In: German magazine for garden and flower science - magazine for garden and flower friends, and gardeners. Volume 6, Hoffmann'sche Verlags-Buchhandlung, Stuttgart 1853, p. 369
  2. a b Lotte Burkhardt: Directory of eponymic plant names . Extended Edition. Botanic Garden and Botanical Museum Berlin, Free University Berlin Berlin 2018. [1]
  3. Past Members: Carl Ludwig Blume. KNAW, accessed on September 21, 2019 .
  4. ^ List of members since 1666: Letter B. Académie des sciences, accessed on September 21, 2019 (French).