Georg Ulrich Handke
Handke, son of a locksmith , attended elementary and middle school until 1909. From 1909 to 1911 he completed an apprenticeship as an industrial and bank clerk as well as the higher commercial school, after which he worked as an accountant from 1913 to 1915. From 1915 to 1918 he did military service and was a soldier in the First World War .
He was a member of the Socialist Workers' Youth from 1911 to 1918 , joined the USPD in 1917 , the Spartakusbund in late 1918 and the KPD in 1919 . From 1919 he was editor-in-chief of the workers' newspaper and KPD city councilor for Hanau. During the internal party disputes in 1921 over the March Action , he temporarily joined the KAG , but returned to the KPD and was a board member of the consumer cooperative in Hanau from 1923 , later in Frankfurt am Main . From 1930 to 1933 he was head of the cooperatives department at the Central Committee of the KPD, then a member of the illegal domestic management. Handke took part in the illegal meeting of the Central Committee of the KPD on February 7, 1933 in the sports store Ziegenhals near Berlin.
Handke was arrested on September 21, 1934, sentenced by the People's Court to fifteen years in prison in 1935 and was in solitary confinement in the Ziegenhain , Rockenberg , Butzbach , Kassel-Wehlheiden and Zwickau prisons until 1945 , seven years of which were in solitary confinement.
In 1945 he was liberated by the US Army and appointed mayor of Zwickau . He was temporarily president of the government district of Zwickau and from July 1945 to 1948 vice president and president of the German central administration for trade and supply.
In 1947 he married Emmi Thoma , who had been arrested with him in 1934. From 1948 to 1949 Handke was deputy chairman of the German Economic Commission and from 1949 to 1952 President of the Association of German Consumer Cooperatives . From 1949 to 1952 Handke was Minister for Internal German Trade, Foreign Trade and Material Supply and for Internal German and Foreign Trade, from 1952 to 1953 Ambassador to Romania and then until 1959 State Secretary and first deputy to the Minister for Foreign Affairs and a member of the Foreign Policy Commission of the Central Committee of the SED . From 1954 to 1958 Handke was a member of the Central Revision Commission of the SED, from 1958 to 1962 a member of the Central Committee of the SED and, in succession to Friedrich Ebert junior, Chairman of the Society for German-Soviet Friendship .
Awards and honors
- Handke was awarded the Silver Patriotic Order of Merit in 1954 , the Karl Marx Order in 1959 and the Labor Banner in 1960 .
- His urn was buried in the memorial of the socialists in the central cemetery Friedrichsfelde in Berlin-Lichtenberg .
- In 1974 the German Post of the GDR issued a special stamp on the occasion of Handke's 80th birthday.
- From 1976 to 1993 Saarstrasse in Zwickau was called Georg-Handke-Strasse .
- Short biography in: Hermann Weber : The change of German communism. The Stalinization of the KPD in the Weimar Republic. Volume 2 . Frankfurt / Main 1969, p. 153.
- Bernd-Rainer Barth , Helmut Müller-Enbergs : . In: Who was who in the GDR? 5th edition. Volume 1. Ch. Links, Berlin 2010, ISBN 978-3-86153-561-4 .
- Literature by and about Georg Ulrich Handke in the catalog of the German National Library
- Short biography
- List of participants
- Resolution of the city council on September 7, 1976
- Resolution of the city council on February 25, 1993
|SURNAME||Handke, Georg Ulrich|
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Handke, Georg|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German politicians (USPD, KPD, KAG, SED), MdV, Minister for Internal German Trade and Foreign Trade|
|DATE OF BIRTH||April 22, 1894|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Hanau|
|DATE OF DEATH||September 7, 1962|
|Place of death||Berlin|