from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Bacteriology (from ancient Greek βακτἠριον baktērion , German , sticks' and λόγος logos , Customer ', -logie , teaching') is the science , the subject matter of construction, the way of life, the system and the identification of bacteria is. Bacteria are microscopic living things that have a cell structure and obtain the energy required for life through their own metabolism .

Bacteriology is a branch of microbiology . Among many other things, it also deals with pathogenic bacteria and provides important results for medicine and thus for combating diseases .


Antoni van Leeuwenhoek described bacteria that he had observed microscopically as early as 1677. Important later discoveries come from Lazzaro Spallanzani , Louis Pasteur , Ferdinand Cohn , Martinus Willem Beijerinck , Sergej Winogradsky and Albert J. Kluyver . The pioneers of medical bacteriology were Joseph Lister , Louis Pasteur, Paul Ehrlich and Robert Koch , who created the basis for successful disease control with antibiotics and vaccines .

Discoveries of bacteria (initial descriptions)


  • Karl Bernhard Lehmann, Rudolf O. Neumann: Atlas and outline of bacteriology and textbook of special bacteriological diagnostics . Lehmann, Munich 1899.
  • Philipp Sarasin , Silvia Berger , Marianne Hänseler (eds.): Bacteriology and Modernity. Studies on the biopolitics of the invisible 1870–1920 . Suhrkamp, ​​Frankfurt am Main 2007, ISBN 3-518-29407-5 .
  • Carl Günther: Introduction to the Study of Bacteriology , BiblioBazaar 2009, ISBN 978-1-113-69787-5 .
  • Silvia Berger: Bacteria in War and Peace: A History of Medical Bacteriology in Germany, 1890-1933 . Wallstein, Göttingen 2009, ISBN 978-3-8353-0556-4 .
  • Kenneth Todar: Todar's Online Textbook of Bacteriology , University of Wisconsin (accessed November 4, 2010) - an excellent online textbook in English!
  • Paul de Kruif : Microbe Hunters. Harcourt Brace & Company , New York 1926.
    • German: microbe hunter. Translated and introduced by Siegmund Feilbogen . Orell Füssli, Zurich 1927. 8th edition, with the title Mikrobenjäger , ibid 1940 and more. Revised new edition (also as a microbe hunter ): Ullstein, Frankfurt am Main / Berlin / Vienna 1980, ISBN 3-550-06084-X .
  • Paul de Kruif: The Fight for Life. 1938.
    • German: men who conquer death. Translated by Karl Eugen Brunner. Orell Füssli Verlag, Zurich / Leipzig 1938.

Web links

Wiktionary: Bacteriology  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

  1. GEMOLL : Greek-German school and manual dictionary.