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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the community of Dossenheim
Map of Germany, position of the municipality Dossenheim highlighted

Coordinates: 49 ° 27 '  N , 8 ° 40'  E

Basic data
State : Baden-Württemberg
Administrative region : Karlsruhe
County : Rhein-Neckar district
Height : 153 m above sea level NHN
Area : 14.16 km 2
Residents: 12,515 (Dec. 31, 2018)
Population density : 884 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 69221
Area code : 06221
License plate : HD
Community key : 08 2 26 012
Address of the
municipal administration:
Rathausplatz 1
69221 Dossenheim
Website :
Mayor : David Faulhaber ( CDU )
Location of the community of Dossenheim in the Rhein-Neckar district
Bayern Hessen Rheinland-Pfalz Heidelberg Heilbronn Landkreis Heilbronn Landkreis Karlsruhe Mannheim Neckar-Odenwald-Kreis Eberbach Altlußheim Angelbachtal Bammental Brühl (Baden) Dielheim Dossenheim Eberbach Eberbach Eberbach Edingen-Neckarhausen Edingen-Neckarhausen Epfenbach Eppelheim Eschelbronn Gaiberg Heddesbach Heddesheim Heiligkreuzsteinach Helmstadt-Bargen Hemsbach Hirschberg an der Bergstraße Hockenheim Ilvesheim Ketsch Ladenburg Laudenbach (Bergstraße) Leimen (Baden) Leimen (Baden) Lobbach Malsch (bei Wiesloch) Mauer (Baden) Meckesheim Mühlhausen (Kraichgau) Neckarbischofsheim Neckargemünd Neidenstein Neulußheim Nußloch Oftersheim Plankstadt Rauenberg Reichartshausen Reilingen Sandhausen St. Leon-Rot Schönau (Odenwald) Schönbrunn (Baden) Schriesheim Schwetzingen Schwetzingen Sinsheim Spechbach Waibstadt Walldorf (Baden) Weinheim Weinheim Wiesenbach (Baden) Wiesloch Wilhelmsfeld Zuzenhausenmap
About this picture
Dossenheim from the west
Dossenheim aerial view from the west

Dossenheim ( listen ? / I ) is a municipality on the Badische Bergstrasse with around 12,000 inhabitants. It belongs to the Rhein-Neckar district and is located 5 km north of Heidelberg and 20 km east of Mannheim and is part of the European metropolitan region of Rhine-Neckar . Dossenheim is called Dossene in the local dialect . Audio file / audio sample



Dossenheim is located on the Badische Bergstrasse at the foot of the Odenwald in the Rhine-Neckar metropolitan region . The Upper Rhine Plain begins in the west of the district . The hamlet of Schwabenheim, which belongs to the village, is also located on the Neckar . The mountains of the Odenwald in the east are cut by three brooks and their valleys.

Land use

The municipal area extends over 1416 hectares. 17.2 percent of this is settlement and traffic area, 32.3 percent is used for agriculture and 44.2 percent is forested. In recent years and decades, the forest area has hardly changed, the settlement area, on the other hand, expanded irregularly, mainly at the expense of the agricultural area.

Nature and water

In the hamlet of Schwabenheim , a lock on the Neckar overcomes a height difference of 8.7 meters. The Wieblingen side canal , which runs parallel to the Altneckar , ends here . This is part of the approximately 550 hectare nature and landscape protection area of ​​the Lower Neckar. From Odenwald ago come millstones, Brenken- and coat Bach, these are, however, within the settlement area for the most part verdolt . In the west of the district they flow into the Rombach , which in turn flows into the Kanzelbach . This finally reaches the Neckar near Ladenburg .

The Mount of Olives , like other mountains in Dossenheim also marked by caused by quarrying terraces, cliffs and scree. The diverse biotope structure provides habitat for numerous endangered animal and plant species and has therefore been under nature protection since 1998 . The forest area on the Mount of Olives is classified as a protected forest. The district east of the B 3 is part of the Neckartal-Odenwald nature park . Almost all undeveloped areas in the nature park belong to the Bergstrasse-Mitte landscape protection area .

Community structure

In addition to Dossenheim itself, the community includes the hamlet of Schwabenheim, about three kilometers to the west, and the Zum Weißen Stein residential area . The official district and municipality description also names the OEG -bahn building and Bärenstein residential areas that have been lost in Dossenheim . The abandoned village of Bernhardteshusen , mentioned in 801 and possibly identical to Wilre, mentioned in 1298, was located in the municipality . The village of Hillenbach , which was documented for the first time in 767 and was south of Dossenheim am Höllenbach , has also disappeared .


A chunk of porphyry in the Leferenz quarry

On the mountains in the east of Dossenheim there is a layer of rhyolite (also quartz porphyry ), sometimes more than 150 meters thick , which is part of the Schriesheim formation and was mined in the town's quarries over decades. The Dossenheim quartz porphyry was formed in the Permian about 290 million years ago when there was still brisk volcanism in the region . This also results in larger granite deposits , which, however, have hardly been mined. Loess can also be found on the slopes of the Odenwald , as well as the sandstone, which is widespread in the region, especially in the east of the district .

There were also some silver finds in the vicinity of Dossenheim , for example in Schriesheim and Hirschberg . For a more detailed description of mining in the region, see also: List of mines in the Odenwald .

Neighboring places

Dossenheim is located directly north of the city of Heidelberg , with which it is directly connected by the federal highway 3 , as well as by rail by the Weinheim – Heidelberg (“OEG”) railway. The district boundary is close to the Dossenheim settlement area. The center of Heidelberg ( old town ) is about five kilometers away. The largest city in the region, Mannheim , is about 20 kilometers away. In addition to Heidelberg, Dossenheim borders on the following places: In the southwest on Edingen-Neckarhausen (opposite Schwabenheim, on the other side of the Neckar), in the west on Ladenburg and in the north on Schriesheim.


Like Heidelberg, Dossenheim, with its protected location in the Upper Rhine Rift, is one of the warmest areas in Germany. The weather is largely determined by the influx of maritime air masses from the west. The slopes of the Odenwald favor the formation of clouds, which contributes to the fact that there is significant rainfall throughout the year. A climate station in Heidelberg measured a rainfall of about 745 mm per year between 1971 and 2000 , as well as an average temperature of 11.1 ° C. The warmest month is July (20.1 ° C), the coldest January (2.5 ° C).


Early settlement

The Bergstrasse is a very old settlement area. Finds in the area around Dossenheim indicate the presence of people as early as the Paleolithic . Human settlement has been proven by agricultural implements and burials by the Neolithic period at the latest . More recent finds from the Bronze and Hallstatt periods as well as from the time of the Celts and the Germanic peoples attest to a certain continuity of settlement in the Dossenheim area. By the time of the Romans at the latest, the platea montium , today's mountain road, developed from north to south at the foot of the mountain . On the way to the Schwabenheimer Hof, the foundations of a villa rustica were found, which was there in the hinterland of the Limes and protected by the Neuenheimer fort. The nearby Ladenburg was an important Roman administrative center as Lopodunum . After the retreat of the Romans, the Alamanni took the formerly Roman areas on the Rhine from the 3rd century onwards. There are only a few traces of settlement of them.

Franconian settlement in the Merovingian period

With the Franks from the end of the 5th century the history of today's Dossenheim begins, which continues to the present day. One of the finds from the Merovingian period is the Dossenheim skull of a woman buried around 520, which was artificially lengthened in childhood. The oldest settlement center of Dossenheim is at the exit of the Mühltal, on the piled debris cone of Brenkenbach and Mühlbach, where the settlement was protected and on the water. From here it was possible to flee quickly into the forest, even in dangerous situations, which of course also served as an important source of food. The surrounding slopes were also ideal for growing wine. Due to the topographical conditions, the settlement developed as a clustered village .

Belonging to Lorsch Monastery

The first mention of Dossenheim (766) in the Lorsch Codex

The settlement was first mentioned in 766 in the Lorsch Codex , when the sale of a vineyard in Dossenheim by the monk Segwin to the Lorsch monastery was notarized. The name of the place varied in documents until the early modern period. Spellings are Tossenheim (786), Dohssenheim (1033), Dussinheim (1206), Tussenheim (1273), Dosanaw (1504) etc. Research is divided as to whether the place name is a personal name with -heim ("Heim des Dosso") or refers to an old name for pines ("Dossen"). Between 766 and 877, a total of 41 transfers of ownership were recorded in Dossenheim an Lorsch, including 23 vineyards. The surrounding places Schwabenheim, Handschuhsheim, Ladenburg and Schriesheim were also mentioned for the first time around 760. Schwabenheim, first mentioned in 763, comprised only a single court settlement in the High Middle Ages .

In 794 a "basilica" ( church ) was mentioned for the first time. It was probably on the site of today's Protestant church .

Reign of Schauenburg

The Lorsch Monastery, founded in 764, developed into an important territorial rule on the Neckar by the high Middle Ages . Inside the monastery property Dossenheim counted to rule Schauenburg whose mansion on the lying above the village on the southwest slope of Mount of Olives Schauenburg was. It is also quite possible that the Kronenburg was a former mansion; the exact situation at this time is largely unclear, however, both castles probably existed in parallel for a while. Another castle in the Dossenheim area is Schwabeck Castle . The castle was on the Neckar, near today's Schwabenheim lock . There are hardly any remains; it was destroyed in the 16th century by floods and ice .

The rule of Schauenburg included the places Dossenheim and Handschuhsheim and at times Seckenheim and Neuenheim . The Schauenberg Castle and the noble family there were first mentioned in a document around 1100. A little later, around 1130, the upper fiefdom of Lorsch came to the diocese of Speyer , which at that time had a strong conflict with Lorsch. In exchange for escort money, the Schauenburg had to ensure that travelers and merchants could safely cross the Schauenburg area; the Schauenburgers were therefore no robber barons . The von Schauenberg family provided Siegfried von Speyer, a Speyer bishop, and through the marriage of Gerhard von Schauenburg with a daughter of Boppo (V) von Lauffen around 1216 to 1219 they were able to significantly expand their property to include part of the Lauffen inheritance. She not only owned property on the Upper Rhine , but also in other regions, such as today's Bavaria . However, the family died out as early as the late 13th century.

In the area of ​​tension between Kurmainz and Kurpfalz

The heirs of the Schauenburg, the Lords of Magenheim , sold the castle to the Count Palatine of Heidelberg in 1303 . Bishop Siboto von Speyer, however, gave the fiefdom to Kurmainz in 1320 , which resulted in a long period of rivalry between Kurmainz and the Electoral Palatinate. Kurmainz moved much closer to the Electoral Palatinate, so between the royal seat of Heidelberg and the Mainz area there was only the little village of Neuenheim , which is why the Electoral Palatinate later saw itself severely threatened. They did not accept that they belonged to Mainz and incorporated the area into their own administration. Dossenheim should therefore be administered from the Heidelberg Oberamt , and judicially from Schriesheim , because according to the decision it was in the center of Schriesheim. This classification had no influence on the real administration at that time, Kurmainz had its own administration. Dossenheim was included in the office of Schauenburg, which was formed by the Schauenburg and its accessories. Friedrich the Victorious entered the Mainz exclave by force in 1460 and captured the rule of Schauenburg a few days later. The Schauenburg was destroyed, half of the town of Dossenheim was burned down, and Handschuhsheim was plundered. The office of Schauenburg was thus dissolved and Dossenheim was actually administered from the aforementioned offices. Initially, Dossenheim also stayed with the Electoral Palatinate .

In the Landshut War of Succession , the Hessian landgrave devastated Dossenheim in 1504. During the Thirty Years War , Tilly's troops in particular looted and destroyed the place in 1622 , and many other places around Heidelberg were also heavily looted. After taking the royal seat of Heidelberg, Dossenheim became Electoral Mainz again for a short time, but came back to the Palatinate in the Bergstrasse Recess in 1650. Mainz did not declare its final renunciation of Dossenheim until 1714. During the Dutch War and the War of the Palatinate Succession , French troops set fire to numerous buildings in 1674, 1689 and 1693. The slight economic improvement that began after the Thirty Years' War was destroyed again by this war. Towards the end of the 18th century there were again changes for the worse, mainly due to the numerous billeting of troops. In addition, the place was plundered several times during this time, the population often only had to flee.

In the period that followed there was no economic improvement either, the bad harvests of 1816/17 were another major problem. In the next few years there were therefore several waves of emigration . It was not until the middle of the 19th century that there was a first small boom, at which time there were also many changes, such as the emerging quarry industry and tobacco growing .

In 1803 the Electoral Palatinate was dissolved and Dossenheim became Baden .

Upswing of the place through stone carving

An old crushing plant in the Leferenz quarry

In the second half of the 18th century, the landscape design of the mountains east of the place, which still characterizes the place, began through the massive mining of porphyry for road construction purposes along the mountain road. The community of Dossenheim had income from road money to the quarries from 1813 and began in 1834 to lease further open land under municipal administration for rock mining. The stone carving industry and the associated haulage companies experienced a strong boom in the following years, even migrant workers from Austria, Italy and Switzerland moved to Dossenheim. Although the stone carving flourished, the self-government of the entire enterprise by the city was rather unfortunate. For a long time, innovations were made more difficult, and social support for workers was neglected. In many cases, pub excesses and other uninhibited alcohol consumption were reprimanded.

Another problem came up for the community: The Leferenz brothers , who are active in the region, acquired land below the Hohe Nistler in 1882 . A year later they opened their own business with a loading facility on Bergstrasse, which made Dossenheim even more dominated by quarrying. The community, however, caused strong pressure to continue investing and thus a lot of additional costs. The community operation was modernized in the following time through the use of steam engines, the construction of new plants, the construction of a new loading plant and the commissioning of cable cars . In addition, the rock could now be transported by rail.

In 1908, the community burglaries were transferred to state administration after the community had been urged to do so several times, and conditions improved. In 1913, Dossenheim was the largest porphyry plant in Baden with an annual production of 184,000 cubic meters.

After 20 years, however, there was no longer any interest on the part of the state in continuing operations. The Baden state then leased the state quarries to the entrepreneur Hans Vatter in 1927.

Structural change from the 1920s

Dossenheim and the surrounding area 1907

Apart from the traditional village professions such as baker, butcher, shoemaker, carpenter, bottler, general store, innkeeper, etc., there was only stone carving as an opportunity to earn a living in Dossenheim until the First World War . After 1920, other industrial companies came to the place in addition to the quarries. The number of local businesses doubled from 50 in 1904 to around 100 in 1939. Several fountain pen factories were of particular importance, including a Faber-Castell branch and an attached Degussa gold nib grinding department.

With the boom in stone carving from the early 19th century, the number of houses in Schwabenheim increased again and the place developed into a street village . In 1925 Schwabenheim was incorporated.

The global economic crisis and the poor economic situation that followed also hit Dossenheim hard. In 1932 more than 560 inhabitants were unemployed. Many companies and businesses ran into financial hardship, which resulted in forced layoffs or even their closure. The community tried to fight unemployment in various ways, including the opening of a new community slump was under discussion. Artificial job creation, for example in road construction, did not develop into a great success, but instead brought the place high debts.

National Socialism and World War II

In Dossenheim, the NSDAP moved into the local council for the first time in 1930; in the Reichstag election in 1933 , the approval for the NSDAP was just below the Reich average. When the National Socialists came to power , the entire municipal administration was quickly reshuffled by party supporters or people close to the party, including the incumbent mayor being removed from his office and replaced by a NSDAP member.

In the following time, the community was redesigned accordingly by the Nazi authorities: today's Rathausplatz was renamed Adolf-Hitler-Platz and used for various parades and the like. Various Nazi institutions moved into the Dossenheimer Schlössel instead of the poor house, including the Hitler Youth .

In 1933, only six Jewish residents lived in Dossenheim, who initially fled to Heidelberg as a result of National Socialist persecution. If members of the Jewish families in Baden were unable to emigrate to the USA , most of them were taken to the Camp de Gurs internment camp in southern France as part of the “ Wagner-Bürckel Campaign ” . They were later deported from there to Auschwitz concentration camp , where two Jews from Dossenheim were also killed.

Dossenheim was largely spared from the destruction of the Second World War . However, there was industry in Dossenheim that was important to the war effort: For example, Osmia GmbH no longer produced fountain pens, but war materials. For this reason, several forced laborers , mainly from Eastern Europe, were housed in the village during the war . There have been isolated air strikes on industrial settlements or on trains of the Upper Rhine Railway Company , but overall this had only a comparatively minor impact. The American troops approached Heidelberg from the north side of the Neckar, they reached Dossenheim on March 29, 1945. After a few attacks on potential danger spots, the Americans moved into the town, which ended the Second World War for Dossenheim.

Developments towards a residential community

After the Second World War , which the place survived almost unscathed, the Ingelfinger canning factory also enjoyed rapid growth. In the 1950s, larger electrical and process engineering companies were added, including Technochemie in the south-west of Dossenheim in 1959, which is now part of Evonik Industries AG.

The influx of refugees and displaced persons after the Second World War posed great challenges for the community, as living space was already extremely scarce during peacetime. By 1950, the community had 4,600 old citizens, 855 new citizens and 392 evacuees. The town's agricultural and industrial operations could no longer meet the demand for jobs, so that in the 1950s Dossenheim increasingly developed into a residential community for commuters to the surrounding cities and communities.

The old town hall of Dossenheim (used as such: 1894–1955), today's museum of local history

On May 21, 1955, the community was finally able to inaugurate the new town hall on Rathausplatz and leave the old town hall (today's museum of local history). At that time the community had about 6,000 inhabitants, but in the following years it expanded strongly, so the south of Dossenheim in particular was developed and developed. This was followed by the construction of numerous buildings in the southwestern part of the village, as it was a long way from here to public facilities, such as the only school in Dossenheim (Neubergschule) until then. In 1973 a large school and sports center was opened. The project, which cost a total of DM 13.4 million , included the indoor swimming pool with sauna , the Palatinate School and a large gym .

As a result of the regional reform in Baden-Württemberg (1968–1975), Heidelberg also demanded that the surrounding communities of Dossenheim, Eppelheim and Ziegelhausen should be incorporated into the city. Thereupon a large wave of protests broke out in Dossenheim, which finally managed to secure the continued existence of Dossenheim as an independent community.

In 1988 Dossenheim had more than 10,000 inhabitants for the first time.

Dossenheim in the present

In 2002, the H. Vatter quarry was the last quarry in Dossenheim to be closed. In the following years, the railway systems to the plant were dismantled and the factories on the B 3 were demolished. In 2008 the Am Rebgarten residential area was built in place of the factory site .

The Leferenz quarry, which was also closed, has been partially opened to the public since May 2009. It is now part of the Neckartal-Odenwald Nature Park and part of hiking routes. However, the interior of the quarry is only open on certain days of the year.

On August 20, 2013, the so-called rampage in Dossenheim occurred , in which three people died and five others were injured, some seriously.

Population development

1577 1727 1800 1818 1852 1905 1925 1950 1961 1965 1970 1991 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015
Dossenheim 560 788 1.106 1,517 2,921
Schwabenheim 91 126 102
total 757 1,197 1,643 3,023 3,839 5,847 6,661 7,826 8,612 10,962 11,507 11,640 11,663 12,507 12,504


town hall

Municipal council

The municipal council of Dossenheim has 22 members in addition to the chairman mayor and is directly elected for five years. The 2019 local elections led to the following result (in brackets: difference to 2014):

Municipal Council 2019
Political party Share of votes Seats
GREEN 34.9% (+10.5) 8 (+3)
CDU 22.7% (−3.6) 5 (−1)
FW Dossenheim 17.8% (−4.5) 4 (−1)
SPD 16.0% (−0.6) 3 (−1)
FDP 8.6% (−1.7) 2 (± 0)
Turnout: 71.5% (+10.6)


The mayor is directly elected for a term of eight years. The current incumbent is David Faulhaber (CDU). He took office on April 1, 2019.

Mayor since 1946:

  • 1946–1948 Hermann Böhler (1946–1948 provisional)
  • 1950–1951 Georg Riedling (Deputy Mayor)
  • 1951–1963 Karl Miltner
  • 1963–1979 Heinrich Schumacher
  • 1979–1995 Peter Denger
  • 1995-2019 Hans Lorenz (CDU)
  • since 2019 David Faulhaber (CDU)

coat of arms

The blazon of the coat of arms reads: In silver three blue grapes (1: 2) on a green tendril with four green leaves.

The coat of arms goes back to court seals from 1495, on which a vine tendril could already be seen. It was officially awarded in 1901 by the General State Archives.

The flag is green and white. It is not known since when it has been run.

Town twinning

Dossenheim has had a partnership with Le Grau-du-Roi in France since 1982 .

Neighborhood association

Dossenheim belongs to the Heidelberg-Mannheim neighborhood association , whose task it is to draw up the regional zoning plan.

Culture and sights

White stone observation tower
Stone crusher monument by Robert Heckl


The ruin of the Schauenburg is the most famous castle in Dossenheim. It was the seat of the family of the same name as well as the Mainz office of Schauenburg and is located on a southwest spur of the Mount of Olives above the plain. The Kronenburg was still in the Odenwald, while Schwabeck Castle , the third castle in what is now Dossenheim's district, was on the Neckar. The so-called wall hexagon forms another fortified medieval complex in the Odenwald.

The 552 meter high White Stone is Dossenheim's local mountain. It serves as a meeting point for cyclists and hikers. The most striking features of the White Stone are its observation tower made of sandstone and its telecommunications tower reminiscent of a UFO.

The Evangelical Church was built in the 15th century and later expanded. There were predecessor buildings a lot earlier. The neo-baroque St. Pancras Church of the Catholics dates from 1926.

North-east of Dossenheim in the Odenwald is the Dossenheimer Klause , where a hermit once lived. You can climb into the small cave yourself.

The quarries in Dossenheim are another worthwhile excursion destination, especially the Leferenz quarry, which has been accessible via a hiking trail for several years. Parts of the old conveyor system testify to the former quarrying of the porphyry stone . Several times in summer, the inside of the quarry with old buildings is directly accessible, the outside facility all year round. The quarry is also used for events such as theater and concert performances.


The local history museum was established in 1978 and redesigned in 2002. It is located in the old town hall, which was built in 1890 and was used as such until 1955. The museum shows finds from early history, life in the stone breaker village of Dossenheim, the relationship to Schauenburg, Fliehburg and Kronenburg and includes a museum educational workshop. It is open every third Sunday of the month.

sport and freetime

There are numerous sports clubs in Dossenheim, which have four sports halls with a total of eight fields and outdoor facilities, as well as an indoor swimming pool with a 25 m lane that is open all year round. There are also numerous tennis courts and a small bike park very close by. For some years now there has been an area for skaters with a halfpipe, fun box, etc. The sports offer was expanded in 2009 to include an archery club with an area in the old Leferenz quarry. In Dossenheim there is also a rifle house of the shooting club Dossenheim 1927 eV opened in 1933


Due to its topographical location in the Rhine valley and at the foot of the Odenwald, Dossenheim has a high recreational value. Both the flat horticultural areas of the Rhine Plain and the steeply sloping forests of the Odenwald offer a varied flora and fauna. In particular, the forest area, which rises from 110 m above sea level to 558 m above sea level at the White Stone, has a well-marked network of hiking trails. This network of hiking trails also leads past the Schauenburg ruins to the north . When the visibility is good, the view opens up over the spiers of the Speyer Cathedral to the Hambacher Schloss in the Palatinate Forest, over the cities of Mannheim and Ludwigshafen to Karlsruhe in the south. Typical and landmark are the red and yellow shining former porphyry quarries that are visible from afar and cut like wounds into the wooded area. The most beautiful time of year in Dossenheim is spring with the fruit trees in bloom. During this time, the foot of the Odenwald around the village is colored in white and pink by the blossoms of the numerous fruit trees.

Regular events

The traditional Dossenheimer Kerwe (parish fair) takes place on the weekend of the third Sunday in September . Dossenheim customs, street festival and fairground are united. The Dossenheimer traditional kerwe is known for its wooden apple dance and the banished pasture dish.

Every year in May, the traditional Dossenheim summer day train takes place.

Every year in December, the Christmas market takes place at the Kronenburger Hof on the 3rd Advent (Saturday and Sunday). In the barn and in the house of the Staiger estate, artisans and artists from Dossenheim present their handcrafted unique items.

Since 1984 TSG Germania 1899 Dossenheim has organized a challenging mountain run from the "Waldfrieden" up to the White Stone on the second Saturday in November. Over a distance of around 5.4 kilometers, you have to overcome 350 meters in altitude.

The Association for the Maintenance of Live Music eV has been an integral part of Dossenheim for a long time. He has set himself the goal of contributing to the community's cultural offerings through as many concerts as possible with live music.

Tourist routes

Dossenheim is located on two major tourist roads:

Economy and Infrastructure

View from the A 5 to the quarry at Sporenberg


Dossenheim is essentially a residential community. Due to its proximity to Heidelberg, it is particularly attractive for people who work there. In 2006, 89 percent of Dossenheim's out- commuters were . Since there are numerous independent companies in Dossenheim , the Association of Self-employed exists, but there is also, for example, an Evonik Industries AG location and an Edeka wholesale market. Overall, however, there is only a small amount of industry and commerce.

Dossenheim is known as a stone breaker village. In Dossenheim there used to be two large quarries and several quarries. The stones were mainly used as armor stones and as road substructures. All quarries have now been closed. The largest demolition points can be seen far into the Rhine plain.


Tobacco barn in the old town center of Dossenheim; the stones were walled up offset to allow the tobacco to dry faster

Noteworthy is definitely the wine . Many early mentions of Dossenheim related to viticulture, this shows the great importance of wine in Dossenheim in the Middle Ages. Today there are only a few vines left in the Dossenheim district and wine is almost irrelevant. In the Middle Ages, however, it was widespread (also in the plain) and represented an important branch of the economy. The former prominent position of viticulture is still reflected today in the Dossenheim coat of arms.

Tobacco was grown for the first time in the second half of the 19th century, and for a time it became one of the most important commodities. Numerous fields were planted in the plain. Tobacco has not been planted since around 1960, but there are still some old tobacco barns in the town center.

After the Second World War, there were major changes in agriculture: the number of farmers began to decline, many became part-time farmers or gave up their farms entirely. The remaining courtyards in the center had no possibility of expansion, which would have been necessary, for example, by taking over the agricultural land from the old farms. So the community decided to set up the small settlement Dossenwald west of Dossenheim. It was founded in 1960 and most of the farms relocated there.

In Dossenheim today about 1/3 of the entire area is used for agriculture. Above all, wine and fruit growing take place on the slopes, in the flat there is also fruit growing, but mainly other agricultural products such as grain . The most important fruit in fruit growing in Dossenheim has been the cherry for a long time .

Electoral Palatinate School


There is the Neubergschule (elementary school) and the Kurpfalzschule (elementary school) in the village.

A community library is available to residents in the community office. There is also a community college in town.


Dossenheim is located on the federal highway 5 and the federal highway 3 . Dossenheim has had a railway connection since 1890, so the Weinheim – Heidelberg line , which is operated by Rhein-Neckar-Verkehr (RNV), connects Dossenheim every 10 minutes with the surrounding metropolitan areas of Mannheim , Heidelberg and Weinheim . Dossenheim offers a community taxi especially for older citizens, which drives to various stops in town on weekdays. A night taxi from Heidelberg to Dossenheim is similar, but especially for young people.


Some newspapers in the region, such as the Rhein-Neckar-Zeitung , report on local events. The community of Dossenheim also publishes the " community leaflet " (officially: community news), which contains official notices and notices. It appears weekly every Friday.

Authorities and institutions

Transmission towers

  • Former medium-wave transmitter: In Dossenheim, SWR operated a medium-wave transmitter until 2004 . A base-fed, guyed 51-meter-high tubular mast, insulated from the ground, was used as the antenna carrier. The plant has since been dismantled.
  • Telecommunication tower white stone

Other structures


Honorary citizen

Dossenheim once granted honorary citizenship. The award was given in 1948 to the mission bishop Augustin Olbert (1895–1964), who was born in Dossenheim .

Sons and daughters of the church

Personalities who have worked on site


  • Rudolf Conzelmann: Dossenheim. The story of a 1200 year old mountain road community. Dossenheim 1966.
  • State Archive administration Baden-Württemberg in connection with d. Cities and districts Heidelberg u. Mannheim (Hrsg.): The city and districts Heidelberg and Mannheim: Official district description .
    • Volume 1: General Part . Karlsruhe 1966.
    • Volume 2: The city of Heidelberg and the communities in the Heidelberg district . Karlsruhe 1968.
  • Christoph Bühler: Castles of the Electoral Palatinate. Bergstrasse and Neckar Valley . Heidelberger Verlagsanstalt, Heidelberg 1990, ISBN 3-89426-012-2 , p. 61 ff.
  • Sarah Leon: Dossenheimat . Series of Dignity. Photo book. DossenVerlag, Dossenheim 2011, ISBN 978-3-942909-02-0 .
  • Heimatverein Dossenheim (ed.): Dossenheim. A traditional mountain road community in the course of its history. Dossenheim 2005.

Web links

Commons : Dossenheim  - collection of images, videos and audio files
Wikivoyage: Dossenheim  - travel guide

Individual evidence

  1. State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg - Population by nationality and gender on December 31, 2018 (CSV file) ( help on this ).
  2. State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg, status: December 31, 2012  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.@1@ 2Template: Toter Link /  
  3. Conzelmann 1966, p. 148.
  4. ^ Description of the Schriesheim sport fishing club
  5. ^ Leaflet from the city of Schriesheim on the Mount of Olives and the Quarry (pdf)
  6. ^ State Institute for Environment, Measurements and Nature Conservation Baden-Württemberg
  7. ^ Entry on Dossenheim at LEO BW
  8. ^ The state of Baden-Württemberg. Official description by district and municipality. Volume V: Karlsruhe District . Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1976, ISBN 3-17-002542-2 , pp. 348-350.
  9. Peter Sinn: On the landscape and history of Heidelberg-Handschuhsheim. Verlag regionalkultur, 2012, pp. 155–157.
  10. Conzelmann 1966, p. 159.
  11. ^ Community of Dossenheim Leferenz quarry. ( Memento from July 23, 2014 in the Internet Archive )
  12. Climate data
  14. Conzelmann 1966, pp. 11-14.
  15. Conzelmann 1966, pp. 15/16.
  16. Conzelmann 1966, p. 18.
  17. Conzelmann 1966, pp. 11-16.
  18. Minst, Karl Josef [transl.]: Lorscher Codex (Volume 2), Certificate 536, May 28, 766 - Reg. 53. In: Heidelberg historical stocks - digital. Heidelberg University Library, p. 191 , accessed on January 27, 2016 .
  19. Conzelmann 1966, pp. 17/18.
  20. Conzelmann 1966, p. 19.
  21. Conzelmann 1966, p. 45.
  22. Heimatverein Dossenheim 2005, p. 154.
  23. Heimatverein Dossenheim 2005, p. 164.
  24. Heimatverein Dossenheim 2005, p. 158.
  25. Heimatverein Dossenheim 2005, p. 159.
  26. ^ Hansmartin Schwarzmaier: History of the city of Eberbach am Neckar . tape 1 . Jan Thorbecke, Sigmaringen 1986, p. 51 .
  27. Conzelmann 1966, pp. 23-25.
  28. Conzelmann 1966, pp. 41/42.
  29. Conzelmann 1966, pp. 27/28/43.
  30. Conzelmann 1966, pp. 28/29.
  31. Conzelmann 1966, p. 51.
  32. Conzelmann 1966, p. 60.
  33. Conzelmann 1966, p. 65.
  34. Heimatverein Dossenheim 2005, p. 42.
  35. Conzelmann 1966, p. 164.
  36. ^ Frank Muth: Tramways in Heidelberg. GeraMond Verlag , Heidelberg 2002, p. 157.
  37. a b Conzelmann 1966, p. 167.
  38. a b Conzelmann 1966, pp. 174-175.
  39. a b Dossenheim's historical development. Community of Dossenheim, accessed on December 4, 2015 .
  40. a b Heimatverein Dossenheim 2005, p. 58.
  41. Conzelmann 1966, p. 217.
  42. ^ History of the Jewish community in Schriesheim. Retrieved April 1, 2015 .
  43. ^ Dossenheim: On the Jewish history of the place. Retrieved April 1, 2015 .
  44. Dossenheim: The whole village was almost bombed in 1945. In: Rhein-Neckar-Zeitung. March 30, 2015, accessed March 30, 2015 .
  45. ^ Dossenheim in World War II: US low-flying aircraft targeted OEG. In: Rhein-Neckar-Zeitung. March 28, 2015, accessed March 28, 2015 .
  46. ^ On Maundy Thursday 1945, Dossenheim was under fire. In: Rhein-Neckar-Zeitung. April 1, 2015, accessed April 1, 2015 .
  47. Conzelmann 1966, pp. 195-201.
  48. Conzelmann 1966, p. 200.
  49. Conzelmann 1966, pp. 175-176.
  50. Heimatverein Dossenheim 2005, p. 62.
  51. Heimatverein Dossenheim 2005, p. 64.
  52. Heimatverein Dossenheim 2005, p. 66.
  54. Dossenheim community via the Leferenz quarry, with current opening times
  55. Baden-Württemberg State Statistical Office: Municipal elections 2019, Dossenheim ; Municipality of Dossenheim: municipal council election 2019 ; accessed May 30, 2019.
  57. ^ Herwig John, Gabriele Wüst: Wappenbuch Rhein-Neckar-Kreis . Ubstadt-Weiher 1996, ISBN 3-929366-27-4 .
  58. Heimatverein Dossenheim 2005, pp. 79-102.
  59. Heimatverein Dossenheim 2005, pp. 61–63.
  60. ^ Community Dossenheim / Life / Culture / Local history museum (opening times)
  61. Dossenheimer Steinbrecher eV (website)
  62. Internet site of the Schützenverein Dossenheim 1927 eV / Chronik ( Memento of the original from August 8, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  63. ^ Community of Dossenheim / Culture / Dossemer Kerwe
  64. ^ Association for the Maintenance of Live Music eV
  65. State Statistical Office of Baden-Württemberg, as of June 30, 2006 ( Memento of the original from September 29, 2007 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  66. ^ Economy and trade in Dossenheim on the website of the municipality; BDS-Dossenheim ; accessed February 13, 2016.
  67. Conzelmann 1966, p. 109.
  68. Conzelmann 1966, p. 19.
  69. Heimatverein Dossenheim 2005, p. 45.
  70. Heimatverein Dossenheim 2005, p. 60.
  71. State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg, as of December 31, 2008  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.@1@ 2Template: Toter Link /  
  72. Heimatverein Dossenheim 2005, p. 45.
  73. Conzelmann 1966, p. 153.
  74. Community Dossenheim / community news