|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative region :||Karlsruhe|
|County :||Rhein-Neckar district|
|Height :||121 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||31.62 km 2|
|Residents:||15,081 (Dec. 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||477 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||69198|
|Primaries :||06203, 06220|
|License plate :||HD|
|Community key :||08 2 26 082|
|LOCODE :||DE SCM|
|City structure:||3 districts|
City administration address :
|Mayor :||Hansjörg Höfer ( Greens )|
|Location of the city of Schriesheim in the Rhein-Neckar district|
Schriesheim ( Badische Bergstrasse with around 15,000 inhabitants. It belongs to the Rhein-Neckar district and is 8 km north of Heidelberg and 18 km east of Mannheim and is part of the European metropolitan region of Rhine-Neckar . In the local dialect, the place name is Schriese with a voiceless s .) is a town on the
The city is located about 8 km north of Heidelberg on the Bergstrasse at the western exit of the Schriesheimer valley from the Odenwald am Kanzelbach . In the west, the district encompasses the Upper Rhine Plain . The Strahlenburg is located on the Mount of Olives above the city.
Schriesheim consists of the three parts Schriesheim, Altenbach and Ursenbach . Altenbach is located 7 km east of the city center in the Odenwald, on the upper reaches of the Kanzelbach, which is called here like the place Altenbach. Also in the Odenwald, 3 km northwest of Altenbach, Ursenbach is located on the creek of the same name, which flows into the Altenbach.
The place "Stam (m) berg, Altersheim" belongs to Schriesheim. The Ursenbacherhof farm belongs to the Ursenbach. The hamlet of Kohlhof and the Röschbach (erhof) homestead belong to Altenbach. The villages of Ringes and Hohenöd have risen in Altenbach.
The districts are spatially identical to the earlier municipalities of the same name, their official naming is, with the exception of the main town, Schriesheim, in the form "Schriesheim, district ...". They also form residential districts within the meaning of the Baden-Württemberg municipal code. In Altenbach and Ursenbach, localities are set up in accordance with the Baden-Württemberg municipal code, each with its own local council and local councilor as its chairman.
A notable feature is a large porphyry from the Rotliegend on the district in the area of the Mount of Olives, which was dismantled between 1880 and 1967 with interruptions. In the area of the Branich (visitor mine Anna-Elisabeth mine ), silver and iron vitriol used to be mined, as well as heavy spar in the Allmensbach and between the Zins and the Pappelbach , which the Spatschlucht is still evidence of today. A site for minerals such as B. Epidote , garnet and scheelite , is the high woad.
A description of mining in the area around Schriesheim can be found in the list of mines in the Odenwald .
Expansion of the urban area
The Schriesheim district extends to the north and south as far as the neighboring towns. This extensive demarcation suggests that local researchers suggest that Schriesheim, next to Ladenburg, could be one of the oldest places in the area.
The municipal area extends over 3162 hectares. Of this, 13.1 percent is settlement and traffic area, 27.7 percent is used for agriculture and 58.6 percent is forested.
The Schriesheim district borders in the west on Ladenburg , in the north on Hirschberg an der Bergstrasse , in the northeast on Weinheim , in the east on Heiligkreuzsteinach and Wilhelmsfeld , in the southeast on Heidelberg and in the south on Dossenheim .
Schriesheim, like Heidelberg , belongs to the warmest area in Germany. The amount of precipitation on the district increases from west to east and fluctuates between 650 and 800 mm. The closest climate station in Heidelberg measured an average temperature of 11.1 ° C between 1971 and 2000 and rainfall of 745 mm per year. The warmest month is July with an average of 20.1 ° C, the coldest is January with 2.5 ° C.
Monthly average temperatures and precipitation for Heidelberg 1971–2000
Romans and Migration Period
There was probably a settlement in today's urban area as early as the Roman times. Six well-known Roman manors ( villae rusticae ) are evidence of the intensive agricultural use of the area around the Roman Lopodunum (today Ladenburg ). Coin finds suggesting this from the year 351/353 belong to the latest evidence of Roman life in the region. The migration of peoples , which is documented in Schriesheim by a warrior grave with swords added, takes place during this time .
Early middle ages
Schriesheim was mentioned for the first time in 764 in a document from the Ellwangen Monastery and in 766 in a document from the Lorsch Monastery in connection with land donations, which also laid the basis for the later manorial rule of both monasteries in the village. At the time of its first written mention, Schriesheim was a Franconian place.
High Middle Ages
In the 13th century, due to bailiwick rights, a local rule of the nobility of the Strahlberger family had developed in Schriesheim , which led to the construction of the Strahlenburg around 1235. The construction of the castle was a clear breach of the law by the Strahlbergers, as the building site belonged to the Ellwangen monastery , whose bailiffs were the Strahlbergers. However, monasteries were dependent on others to enforce their rights, as they could not intervene militarily themselves. The abbot obtained an ostracism of Conrad I by the emperor, but everything boiled down to a comparison. This settlement, concluded in 1238, looked like that Conrad I got the Strahlenburg as a hereditary fiefdom , but had to transfer all of his private assets to the monastery in order to receive it again as a hereditary fiefdom. Since the feudal rights were already weakened at that time, Conrad I nevertheless won a relative victory.
Since at that time an ambitious nobleman wanted to own not only a castle but also a town, Conrad I began to build a fortified town right next to the old village of Schriesheim on the land now transferred to him as a fief just below the Strahlenburg. Both the city and the castle were integrated into a common defense system. A specific date for the founding of the city is not known, but in 1256 the Strahlbergers were members of the Rhenish City Association . Various indications suggest that the city was founded between 1240 and 1245.
After the city was founded, a church was built in the city where the Protestant church still stands today. The old village church south of Bachgasse was given up. In addition, a stately town courtyard was laid out, today known as the Strahlberger Hof. The representative stone house with a nearly two meter thick wall gable is over 700 years old and is the oldest secular building in the area that is still inhabited.
After the slow decline of the Strahlberg family , Schriesheim, the Strahlenburg castle and all rights of domination were finally sold to the Count Palatine in Heidelberg on September 8, 1347 . Schriesheim still retained all city rights .
Loss of town charter in 1470
After the death of King Ruprecht in 1410, the Electoral Palatinate was divided among his four sons. Schriesheim only fell to Ruprecht's youngest son Otto , in 1448 the city came to Otto's brother Stephan , the Count Palatine of Simmern and Zweibrücken, as part of an exchange of territory . After this line was split in 1459, Schriesheim came to the Simmern line , which in the same year pledged it to the knight Hans von Sickingen for 4,000 guilders . Count Palatine Ludwig von Veldenz-Zweibrücken released Schriesheim again in 1468. As early as 1460, the prince provosty of Ellwangen had become a feudal lord as the legal successor to the monastery.
In the course of the Weißenburg feud between Elector Friedrich I and Ludwig I of Veldenz-Zweibrücken , Friedrich I began to besiege Schriesheim and the Strahlenburg on May 6, 1470 . On Sunday, May 13th 1470, first the castle and then the city were taken by storm. The gun master of the Electorate of the Palatinate, Martin Merz , directed the previous bombardment. The winners now demanded an estimate of 400 guilders, which had to be raised by the citizens, and the surrender of all wine supplies so that the city would not be burned down. In addition, all fortifications were razed, that is, the towers demolished, the city wall laid down and the trenches leveled. Since Schriesheim had never had blood jurisdiction, only market rights remained as the last of the three requirements to be recognized as a city. The market right was then ultimately also repealed. After Schriesheim was centering Court of apples Bacher centering laid, called the henceforth Schriesheimer centering. In 1579 Schriesheim was given market rights again, on which the Mathaisemarkt is based.
Schriesheim in the Thirty Years War
The marriage of Frederick V with Elizabeth of England , which was supposed to strengthen the Protestant camp and the gain of prestige for the Palatine family, was associated with considerable financial burdens for the people of Schriesheim, as they were required to equip a carriage for the train, with the Friedrich wanted to bring his bride to Heidelberg. The car then had to be mobilized again in 1619 to take the couple to Prague , where Frederick had accepted the election of King of Bohemia in the early stages of the Thirty Years' War .
The threat resulting from the unfavorable political and military development for Friedrich V was recognized in Schriesheim, and a sentry box was built on the Branich in 1619 in order to be able to spot any approaching troops at an early stage. In 1621 the time had come when the troops of the Catholic League under Tilly were approaching Heidelberg from the north and thus Schriesheim as well. In November about 10,000 men camped in the Schriesheim-Dossenheim-Ladenburg area. When the fighting that finally led to the capture of Heidelberg was over, troops continued to march through the area for the entire year 1622. The place had lost some young men in battle, had been squeezed and looted on all sides to finance the war, and some buildings had been destroyed. The Bavarians had also taken the bells as booty. However, since most of the residents had reserves, the damage was soon repaired and normal life was resumed. Only now the authorities tried to make the country Catholic again, which forced the pastor to flee.
But smaller troops of marauding soldiers were still moving through the country. 1625/1626 rampant the typhus and took its toll. In 1631 an army approached again from the north, this time the Protestant Swedes , who holed up on a rocky outcrop (Schwedenschanze) with a far-reaching view of the Rhine valley above the town of Schriesheim and gradually squeezed the population out. In the middle of September 1631 the Bavarians dared a sortie from Heidelberg, captured Schriesheim and withdrew to Heidelberg again. After that Schriesheim was nothing but a smoking heap of rubble. Most of the houses and the church had burned down, only along the Kanzelbach , where water was quickly at hand, a few houses had been saved from the flames. Soldiers continued to maraud through the area.
The plague broke out in 1635 and left a considerable part of the weakened population. This time the reconstruction got under way very slowly. The reserves were used up, a regular life and economy no longer possible. Only the vineyards and the cattle driven into the forest made survival possible.
In 1643 the Lorraine came and brought the war back to the area, in 1644 the Imperial Army appeared and in 1645 the French under Turenne appeared . There were no more major battles, but the brutal soldiers themselves were now the greatest danger. Although no specific atrocities have come down to us from Schriesheim, the fact that the place was abandoned in 1644 after having endured it for 25 years speaks volumes. The population hid in the nearby forest or fled to the surrounding, less destroyed places. On quiet days, the survivors came from the surrounding areas to harvest the wild growth in the vineyards and fields.
When peace was made in 1648 , the scattered survivors returned to the village. Most of them had inherited land and destroyed houses, but no cattle, seeds, or building materials. So wherever possible they sold some land or a building site to newcomers in order to obtain funds for reconstruction themselves. Hardly 40 families turned up, only 24 of them with old Schriesheim names. That was less than 20 percent of the pre-war population. The immigration of a considerable number of Reformed Swiss alone caused the population to rise again quickly. It was still to be almost a century before the old number was reached again.
Age of Revolutions
In the course of the French Revolution , the first protests against the tax burden took place on October 21, 1789. However, these could soon be ended relatively easily through concessions from the authorities. In 1798, we began to see "Schriesheimer uprising" against the Zentgrafen Nicholas Lissingolo, the amount of dust kicked up, the course is not completely understood. The three Schriesheimer Balthasar Ortlipp, Wendel Müller and Heinrich Riehl were three or two years ' imprisonment sentenced nine others received lenient prison sentences.
The Reichsdeputationshauptschluss of 1803 stipulated that Schriesheim, together with the Electoral Palatinate, came into the possession of the Margrave of Baden . At the same time he assigned the feudal lordship to the Kingdom of Württemberg , as it had received the secularized prince-provost of Ellwangen as a replacement for the Principality of Mömpelgard . The Grand Duchy of Baden later also acquired feudal lordship over Schriesheim and Strahlenburg through the exchange and epuration treaty of 1806 .
In March 1815 there was another open rebellion by the Schriesheimers against the authorities, which could only be put down with soldiers. Also in the revolution of 1848/49 the people of Schriesheim lived up to their reputation and took part in the revolutionary activities in a prominent position. The majority of the population was influenced by Friedrich Hecker , who had been a member of the Ladenburg-Weinheim constituency since 1842. After the crackdown, the Baden government declared three mayoral elections to be invalid in 1851/52 because the winner was a “democrat”.
Emigration in the second half of the 19th century
Later there was such a strong emigration to America in Schriesheim that the population decreased noticeably. In 1848 there were still around 2,800 inhabitants, in 1858 there were only around 2,700 and the population fell further to a low of around 2,650 in 1890. The first emigrants to America had already set out in 1724 and only in the second half of the In the 20th century this emigration came to an end.
When the He-111 "Cologne" crashed in 1937 , a Heinkel He 111 crashed on November 12, 1937 near Schriesheim. On March 9, 1964 Schriesheim received the title of town again . On January 1, 1972 Altenbach was incorporated, a year later on January 1, 1973 Ursenbach.
No population estimates are possible before the 15th century. The numbers up to the end of the Thirty Years War are estimated from the number of households or adult males.
Only 12-15% of the population survived the Thirty Years War. Only 24 family names from the pre-war period reappeared afterwards. Only from the rich Mack family of millers (see also Alexander Mack ) did two adult men survive the war, otherwise only one adult male bearer of the name of each surviving family.
Between 1644 and 1648 the village was abandoned and deserted. In the decades after the Thirty Years War, immigration began to be high, including a particularly large number of Reformed Swiss. In 1698 they made up almost a third of the population.
After the failed revolution in 1848, the emigration that had begun in 1724 increased so much that the population fell. It was not until the end of the 19th century that strong growth set in, which was intensified by the admission of refugees and displaced persons in 1945 and 1946. Since the late 1950s, urban exodus also led to growth in Schriesheim.
Residents according to the respective territorial status, until 1970 without Altenbach and Ursenbach:
Schriesheim went through the eventful Reformation history of the Electoral Palatinate in the 16th century . The Reformation was introduced in 1556, after 1560 the Electoral Palatinate became Calvinist , but then returned to Lutheranism under Elector Ludwig VI , in order to finally get back to the Reformation in Switzerland.
In the years 1705/1706 a radical-pietistic movement formed around Alexander Mack , which led to the introduction of adult baptism in this circle in 1708, which earned them the name Tunker or Dunker. But soon this congregation had to flee because of the persecution that began and eventually emigrated to America, where it became the Church of the Brethren with all its currents, including the Old German Baptist Brethren , which with its Pennsylvania Dutch is still close to the Schriesheim dialect today speak related language.
Since the beginning of the 19th century there have been pietist circles in Schriesheim and in 1895 a Baptist community was established around Ludwig Grüber .
Jews were already resident in Schriesheim in the Middle Ages , but were expelled from Schriesheim during the plague year of 1349. In the 15th century Jews can be traced back to Schriesheim. In the Thirty Years War, when the place was abandoned in 1644, the Jews also disappeared. Only in 1651 and 1653 did the Jews David and Baruch settle again, to whom almost all later Jewish families in Schriesheim can be traced back. In 1858 the Jewish community reached its peak with 125 members, only to shrink , mainly due to emigration to the USA and emigration to Frankfurt and Mannheim . At the beginning of 1933 there were still 40–42 Jews living in Schriesheim (depending on the number of people), four of them outside people who lived in an old people's home or sanatorium of the community. The majority of the 38 people living in Jewish households were able to flee by the end of 1939, most of them to the USA , the Leopold Fuld family to Argentina , Joseph and Klara Marx to South Africa to their son Lothar, who had emigrated there in 1936. The Simon Oppenheimer family was not allowed to take their disabled son Ludwig with them to the USA and placed him in the Jewish retirement home in Gailingen .
In September 1939, Julius and Mina Fuld were the last to leave the town and move to Mannheim - Feudenheim . On October 22, 1940, like Ludwig Oppenheimer, they were captured by the deportation of Jews from Baden to Gurs in southern France. Oppenheimer died there of typhus in November 1940 . Julius and Mina Fuld were fetched from the camp by their daughter Flora Trautmann, who had emigrated to New York , and lived in New York until their death.
Levi Schlösser from the Netherlands , married to Schriesheimer Jette, b. Marx, emigrated to the Netherlands with his wife and son Alfons in autumn 1933. After the country was occupied by German troops and the Jews were exterminated there too, Schlösser and his wife Jette were deported to the Sobibor concentration camp in 1943 and murdered there on June 4, 1943. The only son Alfons, a confectioner in Amsterdam , was deported with his family to Auschwitz on August 31, 1942 . His wife Gerda and their daughter, who was not yet two years old, were murdered there on the day of arrival; he himself died on March 31, 1944.
The persecution of the Jews also affected three children of Jewish parents or a Jewish mother who were baptized and confirmed as Protestants: Karl Heinz Klausmann had been adopted in Schriesheim. In 1942 he evaded the threatened deportation by fleeing to France and joined the Resistance there. He was killed in action against the German occupation shortly before the end of the war. Erwin and Hans Maier, who had a Jewish mother, were able to emigrate to the USA with their parents and grandparents. Michael Freund, who moved to Schriesheim from Mannheim in 1943, was the son of a Jewish father. He shot himself in July 1944 after an interrogation by the Secret State Police for "subversive statements".
At the war victims memorial in Bismarckstrasse, the city placed a bronze plaque on the 2006 Memorial Day for its former Jewish citizens, who were born in Schriesheim and who were deported from other places and murdered by the Nazi regime. In addition to the 20 people named there, Karl Heinz Klausmann and Michael Freund are also honored as victims in the resistance. In the Jewish cemetery there is a memorial stone made by pupils from the Schriesheimer Gymnasium for the Jewish citizens of Schriesheim, who were deported from other locations to the Gurs camp in 1940 (nine people). In April 2012, twelve stumbling blocks were laid in memory of the victims of National Socialism, and more followed in June 2013, February 2015 and July 2018.
Until the late 18th century, stood near the Gaulsbrücke above the pulpit Bach in the true old village Dorflinde next to the old church, which was in the western side of the triangle between Bachgasse, Valley Road and Narrow. In the Middle Ages , the local saint of Schriesheim was St. Vitus , to whom the old village church was also consecrated. Nothing is left of this old village church.
The construction of the town church, on the site of today's Protestant church, was probably started in 1243, as suggested by coin finds from the foundation stone. However, this church building had suffered so much over the centuries that in the middle of the 18th century only a very complex and expensive renovation or a completely new building came into question. It was decided to build a new building, which was carried out between 1748 and 1751.
The two Catholic and Lutheran congregations, which slowly emerged after the Thirty Years' War, built their own churches in the old, now Reformed town church at the beginning of the 18th century after a decade of simultaneum . In 1711 the Catholic community built its own house of worship with generous support from the authorities, which is still Schriesheim's Catholic Church today. This was expanded shortly before the Second Vatican Council in 1959 due to the growing number of Catholics on the north side, which resulted in a "T-shaped" arrangement of the church interior from the former long-nave church. The last redesign took place in 1996–1997. For example, the former choir has been redesigned into a baptistery with the special feature of a baptismal font with running water, and the previous “factory-like” glass blocks have been replaced by artistic glass windows (created by Rosemarie Vollmer).
Between 1708 and 1711, the Lutheran congregation made great efforts to build a small church in today's Lutheran Kirchgasse, which was to experience an eventful history. After the forced union between Lutherans and Reformed members to form the Badische Landeskirche , the building was sold to the Jewish resident Simon Oppenheimer, and in 1839 the Jewish community built a synagogue in the eastern part of the building. This synagogue was ransacked on the morning of November 10, 1938. Seven Jews living in Schriesheim at that time had to experience that. Joseph Marx was sent to the Dachau concentration camp after the night of the pogrom. After his return he was the last representative of the Israelite community to sell the synagogue. With that, Jewish life in Schriesheim died out.
In 1954 the New Apostolic Congregation built a church service room in the former synagogue until it was able to move to its own building on Mannheimer Strasse in 1973. Today the property is privately owned.
The Baptist Church also moved in 1954 its own newly built small church in the upper Bahnhofstrasse.
The municipal council has 26 members (through compensation seats in 2019: 28) and is directly elected for five years. The districts are guaranteed to be represented in the municipal council by the false choice of suburbs ; Altenbach has four seats and Ursenbach one seat. In addition, the mayor is the chairman of the council.
Since the local elections in 2019 , the local council has been composed as follows:
* Bürgergemeinschaft Schriesheim ( voter group )
From 2001 to 2016 there was a youth council in Schriesheim. This consisted of twelve young people from the community. The legislative period lasted two years. The members had to be between 14 and 19 years old and live in Schriesheim. The criteria for the young people's eligibility to vote were the same, ie every eligible voter is also admissible as a candidate. In 2016, the youth council was expanded to include a total of 15 members.
The mayor is directly elected for a term of eight years. In the runoff election at the end of 2005, Hansjörg Höfer ( City Councilor of the Green List) won with 50.62%, just ahead of Peter Rosenberger (supported by the CDU, FDP and Free Voters) with 49.19%. Hansjörg Höfer has been in office since February 1, 2006. In the election on December 1, 2013, Hansjörg Höfer was confirmed in his office with 72.67% of the votes.
In 1952, the mayoral election led to a scandal that also received attention in the international press (such as the New York Times ). It was then that Fritz Urban won. Urban, who came from an old Schriesheimer Council family who had asked the mayor before, however, was in 1933 as a Nazi - Ortsgruppenleiter , a few days after the takeover of the Nazis become mayor and remained there until 1945, when the occupying powers the former mayor Georg Rufer who had already been mayor from 1920 to 1933, reinstated it as mayor. Fritz Urban could not take up the office at that time. It was provisionally led by deputy Martin Ringelspacher until the new election in 1954. The following persons have held the office of mayor since 1895:
|Nikolaus Urban||1895 to 1914|
|Karl Hartmann||1914? until 1920 (died in office)|
|Georg Rufer||1920 to 1933 first full-time mayor|
|Fritz Urban||1933 to 1945|
|Georg Rufer||1945 to 1952|
|Martin Ringelspacher||1952 to 1954 (provisional)|
|Wilhelm Heeger||February 1, 1954 to January 31, 1974|
|Peter Riehl||February 1, 1974 to January 31, 2006|
|Hansjörg Höfer||since February 1, 2006|
coat of arms
The blazon of the coat of arms reads: On a black field a red crowned, red tongued, red armored golden (yellow) lion standing on two diagonally crossed, red feathered silver (white) arrows .
The flag is yellow and black and was adopted by the municipality on January 18, 1956.
Culture and sights
The Strahlenburg castle ruins date from the 13th century. There is an inn in it.
The Christian Mayer Observatory offers regular lectures.
The old town has many historical buildings, such as For example, the Strahlberger Hof, the old town hall with a pillory , the oil mill on the Kanzelbach, the house built by Pastor Widerholt in 1662 with Hebrew and Greek inscriptions and the Bachschlössel. Since 2001 a footbridge has been leading from the old town over the Kanzelbach to the festival square.
The Roman cellar in the new town hall has largely original masonry; It was found during construction work, moved to the basement when the new town hall was being built in 1970 and has been exhibited there ever since.
The Théo Kerg museum exhibits the works of the Luxembourg painter and sculptor Théo Kerg .
There is also the soccer club SV Schriesheim 1919 eV, which has been playing in the Mannheim district league since the 2012/13 season.
The German championships in mini golf 2012 took place on the grounds of the Miniaturgolf Sportclub Schriesheim e. V. instead.
- Every year at the beginning of March, the eight-day Mathaisemarkt takes place (first in 1579), the region's first wine festival.
- Every year at the beginning of September there is the three-day Kerwe with a big street festival in the old town.
- On the “Open Monument Day” (2nd Sunday in September) there is an annual tour of the Jewish cemetery.
- The Schriesheim wine hike takes place annually on the 3rd Sunday in September (for the first time in 1997).
- The Grabbenacht Festival , a 2-day metal festival, has been taking place at the end of May since 2014 .
Schriesheim is located on two major tourist roads:
- Mountain road that leads from Darmstadt via Schriesheim to Wiesloch .
- Bertha Benz Memorial Route , from Mannheim via Schriesheim to Pforzheim and back to Mannheim
The Schriesheimer dialect , also called Schriesheimerisch or Schriesemerisch, is not only characterized by the usual characteristics of the dialect of the Electoral Palatinate, but also by the Lambdazism, which today is only remnant . Every intervowel "d" becomes "l". Examples still known today are “Bollem” for “Boden”, “Oulewald” for “ Odenwald ”, “olla” for “or” and “then holla” for “then he has”. Sentences like “gewwe Se ma noch e paa fun denne guule roule Ebbl” for “give me some more of those good red apples” that you could still hear in the 1970s are no longer heard today.
The word “weller” (“wedder” in the rest of the Electoral Palatinate) for “against / against”, for example in “do bin do weller gerennt” for “because I bumped against it”, is particularly interesting. “Again” in the sense of “again” means “aries”. Here a process of “language repair” took place with the word “again” that is familiar from the standard language , which could not start with the less common word “against”.
The word “fleesch” for “meat” is also interesting. Actually, according to the law, the word should be called “Flaasch”, since mhd. “Ei” becomes “aa” in Schriesheim, such as “isch waaß” for “I know”. As a typical market word, the word is similar to the Mannheimer “Fleesch”, where mhd. “Ei” becomes “ee” according to the law. In fact, there is evidence that “meat” once had the form “Flaasch” in Schriesheim. Today's “Fleischbach” in the Schriesheim district is called “Flauersbach” in old documents, which comes from mhd. “Floursbach”. Since mhd. "Ou" regularly becomes "aa", as in "kaafe" for "buy" from mhd. "Koufen" and mhd. "Rs" at the end of the syllable regularly becomes "sch", as in "Oaschebach" for Ursenbach , "Floursbach" became "Flaaschbach" by law. The fact that this stream is officially called "Fleischbach" today can only be explained if "Fleisch" in Schriesheim was once "Flaasch".
Economy and Infrastructure
The Upper Rhine Railway runs through Schriesheim and has been operated by RNV since 2005 . It belongs to the tariff area of the Rhein-Neckar transport association . As line 5, the train connects the places on Bergstrasse between Heidelberg and Weinheim, with Schriesheim in the middle between these two cities. In addition to this north-south connection, there is also an east-west connection with the 628 bus, which connects Schriesheim in the east with Wilhelmsfeld and in the west with Ladenburg and Mannheim-Seckenheim.
To relieve the valley road in the Odenwald, a relocation of the L 536 was planned since the 1950s . After a long discussion it was decided to bypass the north. It is 3.3 km long, cost 92 million euros and leads through the 1.8 km long Branich Tunnel . Construction phase I began at the end of 2008, the tunnel was broken through in August 2013 and opened in June 2016.
There is a primary school in Altenbach. Schriesheim is home to the Strahlberger elementary school, the Kurpfalz school center with a primary school, a secondary school and a grammar school, and the private Heinrich Sigmund grammar school.
Schriesheim also has a city archive, a music school, an adult education center and a communal library (in the Kurpfalz school center, in the high school building).
The vineyards near Schriesheim belong to the Badische Bergstrasse wine-growing area . The major location Rittersberg includes the well-known locations: Schriesheimer Madonnenberg, Schriesheimer Staudenberg, Schriesheimer Schlossberg and Schriesheimer Kuhberg.
sons and daughters of the town
- Friedrich von Strahlberg († 1333), Canon in Speyer and Strasbourg, epitaph inscription on the Speyer Cathedral
- Alexander Mack (1679-1735), Pietist
- Johann Philipp Glock (1849–1925), pastor and local history researcher
- Alfred Herbst (1906–1943), Baptist pacifist and opponent of Hitler, murdered in Brandenburg-Görden
- Helmut Fath (1929–1993), motorcycle racing driver and designer, was born and raised in the Ursenbach district.
- Reiner Kröhnert (* 1958), cabaret artist
Personalities who have worked in the place
Significant personalities who have spent part of their lives in or around Schriesheim are
- Anton Geiß (1858–1944), SPD, first President of Baden (1919–1920), spent the evening of his life in Schriesheim from 1933
- Hanns Schloß (1903–1986), politician (FDP / DVP), engineer, member of the Landtag of Württemberg-Baden (1946–1952), Baden-Württemberg (1952–53) and the German Bundestag (1953–1957), member of State constitutional assembly of Baden-Württemberg, municipal council in Schriesheim (1946–1951)
- Erich Beyreuther (1904–2003), Lutheran theologian
- Théo Kerg (1909–1993), painter, sculptor & graphic artist - his cultural heritage is exhibited in the Theo-Kerg Museum in Schriesheim
- Heinz-Georg Baus (1934–2016), entrepreneur, Bauhaus founder
- Bernhard Scharf (* 1936), politician (FDP / DVP), chemist, Member of the State Parliament of Baden-Württemberg (1988–1996), City Councilor and District Council (1989–1999)
- Hasso Plattner (* 1944), entrepreneur, SAP co-founder
- Birgit Arnold (* 1951), politician (FDP / DVP), historian, member of the state parliament of Baden-Württemberg (2006–2011), city councilor (1999–2006), district councilor (2004–2006)
- Gernot Jüllich (* 1954), former soccer player and coach
- Margareta Wolf (* 1957), politician (Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen), member of the German Bundestag (1994–2008), State Secretary (2001–2002 and 2002–2005) in the Federal Ministries for Economics and Technology and Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety , Member of the Federal Board of the Greens (1984), today communications consultant for the nuclear industry, among others
- Georg Wacker (* 1962), politician (CDU), qualified music teacher, member of the state parliament of Baden-Württemberg (since 1996), State Secretary in the Ministry for Culture, Youth and Sport (2006–11), City Councilor in Schriesheim (1983–1993 )
- Konstantin Groß (* 1964), journalist and author
- Zoltan Lunka (* 1970), Olympian (boxing) and bronze medalist in Atlanta 1996
- Stephan Harbarth (* 1971), politician (CDU), lawyer, judge at the Federal Constitutional Court, grew up in Schriesheim
- Rustam Rachimow (* 1975), Olympian (boxing) and bronze medalist in Athens 2004
- Carsten Rothenbach (* 1980), former professional football player, began his career at SV Schriesheim
- Stefan Kehrer (* 1985), sports soldier and wrestler, formerly active for KSV Schriesheim
- Aleksandr Kazakevič (* 1986), Lithuanian wrestler, formerly active for KSV Schriesheim
- Nicolas Jüllich (* 1990), soccer player, began his career at SV Schriesheim
- Paul Zipser (* 1994), basketball player, grew up in Schriesheim
- 1993: Peter Hartmann, longtime city councilor for free voters and deputy mayor
- 2006: Peter Riehl, Mayor 1974–2006
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- Dirk Hecht: The Roman villa from the "Schanz" won. How the Roman cellar got into the town hall. Schriesheimer Jahrbuch 2009, 2009, pp. 9–27
- Dirk Hecht: A warrior grave from the migration period from Schriesheim, Rhein-Neckar-Kreis. Schriesheimer Jahrbuch 2012, 2012, pp. 11–39
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- Archived copy ( Memento of the original dated December 14, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Herwig John, Gabriele Wüst: Wappenbuch Rhein-Neckar-Kreis . Ubstadt-Weiher 1996, ISBN 3-929366-27-4 , p. 109
- Dirk Hecht: The Roman villa from the "Schanz" won. How the Roman cellar got into the town hall. Schriesheimer Jahrbuch 2009, 2009, pp. 9–27
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- Dirk Hecht: The Roman villa from the “Schanz” estate. How the Roman cellar got into the town hall. Schriesheimer Jahrbuch 2009, 2009, pp. 9–27
- Dirk Hecht: The history of the city of Schriesheim. From the ice age to today . Regional culture publishing house, Ubstadt-Weiher, 2014, ISBN 978-3-89735-808-9
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- Schriesheim year books: On the history of the Jews in Schriesheim: Editions from 2002/2003/2004/2005/2006/2007/2008/2009/2012/2013/2015/2018 published by the Schriesheim City Archives
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- Monika Stark-Weineck: When they marched through the streets under guard, you could hear the clatter of their wooden shoes . About French forced laborers in Schriesheim in the 2010 yearbook .
- Monika Starker-Weineck, The Schriesheim Cemetery of Honor in the 2011 yearbook
- Monika strengker-Weineck, a "bridge of not-forgetting" to Argentina, also for Margot Fuld from Schriesheim in the yearbook 2019