Jewish cemetery Schriesheim
From 1678 the dead of the Jewish community Schriesheim were buried in the association cemetery , the Jewish cemetery Hemsbach , 15 kilometers away . The Schriesheimer community belonged to the funeral association ( Chewra Kadischa ) founded in 1716 at the union cemetery. 39 of the gravestones preserved in Hemsbach are for Schriesheim Jews. In 1874 a separate cemetery was established near the Christian cemetery, where the deceased Jewish residents of Dossenheim were also buried. At that time the Jewish community in Schriesheim consisted of about 110 people.
Today 48 tombstones remain, including two graves for children. The first burial in the cemetery took place in 1874: Rosa Oppenheimer, died on July 26th, 1874. The last burial was: Rosa Fuld nee Freudenberger, died on July 10th, 1935.
In March 1931 a member of the Hitler Youth and a member of the SA knocked over two gravestones in the cemetery and damaged another gravestone. The SA member was sentenced to 14 days in prison. During the Nazi era , the cemetery remained unused and neglected after the last Jewish faith from Schriesheim moved away in September 1939. The Reich Association of Jews in Germany had owned the property since May 1942 . Negotiations between the city of Schriesheim and the Baden Ministry of Economics about the purchase of the cemetery failed because the city considered the purchase price to be too high.
After the liberation , the property was taken over by the Jewish Restitution Successor Organization in January 1950 . The city of Schriesheim carries out the care and maintenance work in coordination with the Upper Council of the Israelites of Baden . In February 2004 a memorial stone was unveiled in the cemetery , commemorating nine Jews from Schriesheim who were deported to the Gurs camp in southern France in October 1940 in the so-called Wagner-Bürckel campaign .
A Won the Schriesheimer district near the present highway entrance is called "Jewish Cemetery"; There is no evidence of the presumed existence of an older Jewish cemetery in Schriesheim.
- Monika Starker-Weineck: A "good place" - the Jewish cemetery in Schriesheim. In: Stadtarchiv Schriesheim (ed.): Schriesheimer Jahrbuch 2004. Schriesheim 2004, , pp. 203-232.
- Joachim Hahn and Jürgen Krüger: Synagogues in Baden-Württemberg . Volume 2: Joachim Hahn: Places and Facilities . Konrad Theiss Verlag , Stuttgart 2007, ISBN 978-3-8062-1843-5 ( Memorial book of the synagogues in Germany . Volume 4)
- Jewish cemetery Schriesheim at the central archive for research into the history of Jews in Germany
- Jewish cemetery Schriesheim near Alemannia Judaica
- Jewish cemetery Schriesheim on YouTube
- Stronger-Weineck, Guter Ort , p. 207.