Francesco II Acciaiuoli
Francesco II Acciaiuoli , actually Franco († 1460 ), was the last Duke of Athens . He was a son of Duke Antonio II Acciaiuoli and Maria Zorzi.
After the death of Duke Nerios II in 1451, power was taken over by his widow Clara Giorgio . She immediately married her lover, Bartolome Contarini , who had his first wife murdered for it. This caused outrage among the people of Athens, followed by a complaint to the Ottoman sultan. In 1454 he ordered the deposition of the duchess and installed Franco as the new duke. He imprisoned Clara Giorgio in Megara and had her killed a little later, according to the historian Laonikos Chalkokondyles . Contarini used this to file a lawsuit with Sultan Mehmed II , who now ordered the destruction of the Duchy of Athens.
Franco and his subjects holed up on the Acropolis , where they held out until June 1458. Mehmed II entered Athens in August and allowed Franco to retire to Thebes as his vassal . The duchy thus ceased to exist after 254 years.
In 1460 Mehmed was informed by the Janissaries of a conspiracy that Franco intended to reinstate in Athens. Franco was called to Morea by Zaganos Pasha , one of the sultan's governors , where he entertained him, but also told him at the end of a long night that his last hour had come. Franco's last wish to be killed in his own tent was granted.
He was married to Maria Asanina, with whom he had two sons and a daughter. The sons were trained to be Janissaries, the daughter was given to the harem.
- Franz Babinger : Mehmed the Conqueror and his time. World striker at a turning point. Bruckmann, Munich 1953.
- Ferdinand Gregorovius : History of the City of Athens in the Middle Ages. From the time of Justinian to the Turkish conquest. 2 volumes. Cotta, Stuttgart 1889, ( digitized volume 1 , digitized volume 2 ; numerous editions).
- Armando Petrucci: Acciaiuoli, Franco. In: Alberto M. Ghisalberti (Ed.): Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani (DBI). Volume 1: Aaron – Albertucci. Istituto della Enciclopedia Italiana, Rome 1960, pp. 83-84.
Francesco I. Acciaiuoli
Clara Giorgio & Bartolome Contarini
Duke of Athens
|SURNAME||Francesco II Acciaiuoli|
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Franco; Franz; Acciaioli|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Duke of Athens|
|DATE OF BIRTH||15th century|
|DATE OF DEATH||1460|