Richard Neville, 5th Earl of Salisbury

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Coat of arms of Richard Neville, 5th Earl of Salisbury

Richard Neville, jure uxoris 5th Earl of Salisbury , KG , PC (* 1400 at Raby Castle , Durham ; † December 31, 1460 ) was a leader of the Yorkists in the early days of the Wars of the Roses .


Richard was the third son (tenth child) of Ralph Neville, 1st Earl of Westmorland , and the first child of his second wife, Joan Beaufort . The Neville estates were primarily in Durham and Yorkshire , but Kings Richard II and Henry IV of England saw the family as a useful counterbalance to the Percies' power on the Scottish border, which resulted in Ralph's 1397 title and his appointment as Lord Warden of the Marches in 1403 founded. Ralph's marriage to Joan Beaufort can be seen as further evidence of his appreciation, as she was the granddaughter of Edward III. belonged to the royal family.

If the children of Ralph's first wife had already been advantageously married into the local aristocracy, the children of Joan Beaufort could be married into much more important families. Three of Richard's sisters married English Dukes (his youngest sister became the wife of Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York ), Richard himself married Alice Montacute , daughter and heiress of Thomas Montacute, 4th Earl of Salisbury .

The exact date of their wedding is not known, but it must have taken place before February 1421, since both were married as a couple at the coronation of Queen Catherine . At the time of the wedding it was not yet certain that they would inherit the earliest dignity, as not only Earl Thomas was still alive, but in 1424 he had married his second wife Alice Chaucer . This marriage remained childless, so that Richard Neville and Alice with Thomas Montacute's death in 1428 rose to be the new Earl and Countess of Salisbury.

From that point on, Richard Neville was regularly named as Salisbury .


Richard Neville had ten children with Alice Montague:


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predecessor Office successor
Thomas Montacute Earl of Salisbury
(de iure uxoris )
Richard Neville
John Kemp Lord Chancellor of England
Thomas Bourchier