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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the city of Doberlug-Kirchhain
Map of Germany, location of the city of Doberlug-Kirchhain highlighted

Coordinates: 51 ° 37 '  N , 13 ° 34'  E

Basic data
State : Brandenburg
County : Elbe Elster
Height : 97 m above sea level NHN
Area : 150.36 km 2
Residents: 8920 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 59 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 03253
Primaries : 035322, 035327
License plate : EE, FI, LIB
Community key : 12 0 62 092
City structure: 11 districts

City administration address :
Am Markt 8
03253 Doberlug-Kirchhain
Website :
Mayor : Bodo Broszinski ( FDP )
Location of the city of Doberlug-Kirchhain in the Elbe-Elster district
Bad Liebenwerda Crinitz Doberlug-Kirchhain Elsterwerda Falkenberg Fichtwald Finsterwalde Gorden-Staupitz Großthiemig Gröden Heideland Herzberg Hirschfeld Hohenbucko Hohenleipisch Kremitzaue Lebusa Lichterfeld-Schacksdorf Massen-Niederlausitz Merzdorf Mühlberg/Elbe Plessa Röderland Rückersdorf Sallgast Schilda Schlieben Schönborn Schönewalde Schraden Sonnewalde Tröbitz Uebigau-Wahrenbrück Brandenburgmap
About this picture
Doberlug Castle , once the residence of the Saxon dukes, today the city's cultural and exhibition center

Doberlug-Kirchhain ( Dobrjoług-Góstkow in Lower Sorbian ) is a twin town in the south of Brandenburg in the Elbe-Elster district . It was created in 1950 by merging the neighboring small towns of Doberlug (until 1937 Dobrilugk) and Kirchhain . The Cistercian monastery Dobrilugk and the white tannery brought prosperity and importance.

The existence of two town centers results in typical characteristics of a twin town : there are two volunteer fire brigades , two rifle guilds, two cantories and associations for each town center. The distance between them is about 2.5 km.



Kleine Elster in Kirchhain
Doberlug-Kirchhain at the Niederlausitzer Heidelandschaft nature park

Doberlug-Kirchhain is centrally located in the Elbe-Elster district, immediately north of the Niederlausitzer Heidelandschaft nature park, which comprises 484 km² . The Kleine Elster , a tributary of the Black Elster , crosses the urban area from northeast to southwest and flows into the adjacent nature park. Berlin (112 km), Dresden (78 km), Leipzig (99 km) and Cottbus (63 km) can be reached directly by train.

Characteristic for the urban area are the relatively high proportion of green, field and forest areas, etc. a. the Doberluger Forest, as well as the quarry ponds near Hennersdorf and the local recreation area Bad Erna . Since the last incorporations, the municipality area is 148.95 km², the east-west extension is about 16 km.

Doberlug-Kirchhain lies on the edge of the southern land ridge , an old moraine plateau that is bounded by the Lausitz glacial valley of the Black Elster . The urban area is slightly hilly, the Spitzberg with 116 m is the highest point. The Prießener Mulde, the Dübrichener Sattel and the Werenzhainer Mulde extend from northwest to east with a length of 13 km. This is followed by the Kirchhainer Sattel, through which the Kleiner Elster flows. As the southernmost part, the Hennersdorfer Mulde borders on the Finsterwalder area. The rock layers are divided into the Werenzhainer Formation , mainly consisting of conglomerates , the Kirchhainer Formation with clay slate and coal seams and the Doberluger Formation made of Lydit grauwacke .

Anthracite deposit

There is an anthracite coal deposit on the north-western outskirts of the city . The storage of the layer sequence is flat. It is traversed by faults , mostly flat in the Ore Mountains , which often extend into the overburden and are partly responsible for a hydrologically complex situation in the area . The deposit contains 19 seam layers.


With its humid climate, Doberlug-Kirchhain lies in the cool, temperate climate zone , but a transition to the continental climate is noticeable. A favorable climate in the Middle Ages promoted viticulture.

Neighboring communities

In the north , following clockwise, are the neighboring communities: Fichtwald , town of Sonnewalde , singer town of Finsterwalde , communities of Heideland , Rückersdorf , Schönborn , Tröbitz and Schilda and the towns of Uebigau-Wahrenbrück and Schlieben .

City structure

Church in Arenzhain

In addition to the inhabited districts of Doberlug and Kirchhain, the city consists of the following districts: Arenzhain , Buchhain , Dübrichen , Frankena , Hennersdorf , Lichtena , Lugau , Nexdorf , Prießen , Trebbus and Werenzhain .

There are also the following places to live : Bärfang, Buschmühle, Forsthaus Waldmühle, Forsthaus Weißhaus, Kleinhof, Lindenauer Mühle, Schulz, Trift, Waldfrieden, Waldhufe, Winkelgut and Ziegelei.


Church in Nexdorf

Place name

The name Dobrilugk can be traced back to Sorbian origins. The adaptation of Dobrjoług is Dobry Ług or Dobraluh , which means good meadowland . In addition, the interpretation Lug am Dober - Wald ( Luch) am Dober can be found in some representations , whereby Dober is a historical name of the Kleine Elster . Since traces of a Slavic pre-settlement were not found, the Doberlug Monastery, which is committed to solitude, did not adopt a place name , but a field name .

Kirchhain goes back to the name Kyrkhagen and is a German name that refers to the church of a “enclosed” settlement.

Due to the Cistercian monastery Dobrilugk , Dobrilugk initially developed as the impulse-giving town for the surrounding area and large parts of the east of the Elbe. Proof of sovereignty over the city of Lübben and around 40 villages in the 14th century is valid . Since the 18th century, manufacturers of white tanners have been established in Kirchhain , especially for sheep's wool . Thanks to the soft water of the Kleine Elster , fewer plasticizers are said to have been required. Leather production provided a boom in industry and commerce there. In 1912 there were 76 tanneries in the village.

First mentioned in the manuscript of Thietmar von Merseburg : Chronicon Thietmari Merseburgensis . Dobraluh is subsequently marked in white.


Coat of arms of Dobrilugk

The first mention of a locality Dobraluh is proven for the year 1005 . The Cistercian monastery Dobrilugk was built here in 1165 (May 1st, 1165 is the date of foundation) under the rule of Margrave Dietrich von Landsberg and Eilenburg , which became very influential after donations and purchases from several surrounding farms and villages. A monastery church was added in 1184; it was consecrated in 1228. In the harsh winter of 1211/1212, Walther von der Vogelweide mentions the monastery as an inhospitable place: "Before I would be squeezed into such need any longer as I am now, I would rather be a monk in Toberluh." This barreness, however, was intentional. The Cistercian statutes had two ideals: loneliness and poverty, which developed differently. The special skills of the Cistercians led to greater production and trade. “As early as the 12th century, the Cistercians no longer limited themselves to self-sufficiency. They also wanted to use the profit opportunities of trading. In return, they took over existing markets and jugs and soon built more. ” The ideal of solitude made it impossible to trade in Dobrilugk. Instead, the market town of Kirchhain (" Oppidum ") was founded a short distance away (2.5 km) . Dobrilugk was raised to town in 1664 in connection with the expansion of the castle.

After its destruction in 1673 and 1674, the monastery church was converted into a court church. The planned expansion of the town and the granting of town charter on May 2, 1664 also fall during this period. The town developed rapidly due to the settlement of numerous craftsmen. However, it then changed and agriculture became the most important source of income. In 1820, at a time when the craft was booming again, a glassworks was built nearby. On November 30, 1937, the place Dobrilugk was renamed Doberlug to blur the Slavic origin of the place name. This affected a number of places in the region, cf. List of renaming of places in Lausitz 1936/37 .


Kirchhain coat of arms
View of Kirchhain from the now excavated Galgensberg

Bronze Age urn finds on the former Galgensberg - today a lake on Finsterwalder Straße - and the Waldhufe waterworks document the Illyrian settlements as a Lusatian culture from 1500 to 500 BC. Around 500 BC. The Germanic tribes of the Semnones and around 200–400 Burgundians settle there . Around 600 the Sorbs (Wends) immigrate and settle there . Some of them were the Lusizi , who gave the Lausitz its name.

In 1234 Kirchhain was first mentioned in a document as "Kyrkhagen". It was currently owned by Dobrilugk Monastery. An actual granting of city rights (the city apparently had Magdeburg rights ) has not been handed down for Kirchhain, but it must have taken place between 1434 and 1446.

“Lederhalle” on Friedenstrasse
Public observatory on the grounds of the Protestant grammar school in Kirchhain

Around 1800, numerous craftsmen lived in this city , especially cloth makers , shoemakers and furriers . In this way she achieved significant economic influence and became one of the richest in the country. At the end of the 19th century the tanning trade experienced an outstanding development, which ultimately made Kirchhain the center of the largest sheep leather production in Germany. Complemented by the settlement of steam sawmills, mills and companies in the metalworking industry, the city gained supraregional importance. The books produced by the local printer were outstanding. With this industrial development came an expansion of the city, u. a. the extension to the Jähdeneck by the local pastor Jähde.


The origin of the name Doberlug-Kirchhain goes back to the territorial reform carried out in the GDR on July 1, 1950. Due to the management of today's railway line Cottbus - Leipzig as part of the former Halle-Sorau-Gubener Railway between the two districts, a geographical separation remained.

While around 70 white tanners were counted in Kirchhain in 1875 , this craft experienced a significant decline in the 20th century. Between 1950 and 1960 about a third of the tanners had already moved to the Federal Republic of Germany with their patents. The remaining workshops were largely converted to tanning upper leather for the shoe industry. After the skins were not supplied from the Soviet Union and Mongolia and the market disappeared after 1989, the large companies were closed. After that there were only three private tanneries left.

On the market

Since the fall of the Wall , at the latest since the decline of socialist businesses and the onset of rural exodus, the city has tried to build on old roots while taking history into account:

Doberlug and Kirchhain belonged to the district of Luckau from 1817–1952 (until 1947 in the Prussian province of Brandenburg , 1947–1952 in the state of Brandenburg ). 1952–1993 Doberlug-Kirchhain was part of the Finsterwalde district (until 1990 in the GDR - Cottbus district , 1990–1993 again in the state of Brandenburg). Since the district reform in 1993 , the city has been in the Elbe-Elster district.


After the amalgamation of the two core cities Doberlug and Kirchhain on July 1, 1950, Frankena was incorporated in 1999, Buchhain, Dübrichen, Hennersdorf, Nexdorf, Prießen and Werenzhain in 2001 and Arenzhain, Lugau and Trebbus in 2003. Lichtena, previously part of the municipality of Trebbus, has been a separate district since September 27, 2008.

Former parish date annotation
Arenzhain 10/26/2003
Buchhain December 31, 2001
Doberlug 07/01/1950 Merger with Kirchhain to Doberlug-Kirchhain
Throats 08/31/2001
Frankena December 31, 1999
Hennersdorf 08/31/2001
Kirchhain 07/01/1950 Merger with Doberlug to Doberlug-Kirchhain
Lichtena May 19, 1974 Incorporation to Trebbus
Lugau 10/26/2003
Nexdorf 08/31/2001
Prießen 08/31/2001
Trebbus 10/26/2003
Werenzhain 08/31/2001

Population development

year Dobrilugk
1875 1,696 3,264
1890 1,741 3,989
1910 2,058 4,918
1925 1,989 5,109
1933 2.149 5,627
1939 2,358 5,718
1946 2,909 7,636


year Residents
1950 10,636
1964 9,100
1971 9,290
1981 8,929
1985 8,960
1989 8,582
year Residents
1990 8,535
1991 8,370
1992 8,294
1993 8,182
1994 7,968
1995 7,896
1996 7,849
1997 7,779
1998 7,792
1999 8,018
year Residents
2000 7,897
2001 9,506
2002 9,298
2003 10,323
2004 10.137
2005 9,890
2006 9,764
2007 9,530
2008 9,342
2009 9.225
year Residents
2010 9,083
2011 8,982
2012 8,875
2013 8,759
2014 8,625
2015 8,746
2016 9,179
2017 9,033
2018 9,062
2019 8,920

Territory of the respective year, number of inhabitants: as of December 31 (from 1991), from 2011 based on the 2011 census


Town hall in the Kirchhain district

City Council

The city council of Doberlug-Kirchhain consists of 18 city councilors and the full-time mayor as a voting member. The local elections on May 26, 2019 had the following result with a turnout of 57.8%:

percent 29.1 18.4 17.9 14.5 12.0 4.4 3.8
Seats 5 3 3 3 2 1 1

* Voting Association Bündnis Umland (WBU) - Independent Voting Association Agriculture, Environment and Nature (LUN)


Bodo Broszinski (FDP) has been the city's mayor since 2001. In the mayoral election on October 8, 2017, he was confirmed in office for a further eight years with 54.4% of the valid votes.

His predecessors were Walter Lange (until 1993) and Manfred Berl (1993–2001).

coat of arms

The coat of arms was approved on February 2, 1994.

Blazon : “In blue under two silver clouds from which four golden rays break out, floating a golden square building with a gate and two windows in black; Above the red roof rise three golden, black-windowed, red-roofed towers with little golden flags, the outer ones with a pointed helmet, the middle wider and higher with a round helmet; the building is framed with a green wreath of leaves that is not closed. "

Town twinning

Sister cities of Doberlug-Kirchhain are:

Sights and culture

In the list of architectural monuments in Doberlug-Kirchhain and in the list of ground monuments in Doberlug-Kirchhain , all of the city's cultural monuments are listed.


Monastery Church of Dobrilugk Monastery 2015
Parish Church of St. Marien , Kirchhain 2013
Doberlug Castle after exterior renovation in 2011
Old rectory not far from the monastery church, is a listed building
  • St. Marien Monastery Church, Doberlug - belonged to the former Cistercian monastery, the enclosure of which, apart from a few remains, disappeared in the 19th century. It was built since the end of the 12th century and was consecrated in 1228. It has been a Protestant church since the 17th century. It is a three-aisled, continuously vaulted brick basilica with a transept (transept apses lost), choir bay and main apse - the latter is richly structured on the outside with half-columns and cross-arch friezes over slotted niches (structure system in the succession of the Peterskirche on the Petersberg in Erfurt ). The current appearance of the church goes back to a thorough restoration at the beginning of the 20th century. The west gable in neo-renaissance style and the full-surface plastering of the brickwork (meanwhile renewed several times)date from this time. The furnishings include a late Gothic winged altar from the 16th century, baroque inventory with organ and pulpit and choir window with leaded glass. The painting of the choir room by Ernst Fey was painstakingly restored in its original condition from 1905 to 1909 andfurnishedby Karl Weber . The refectory of the Cistercian monks in the former south wing of the former monastery complex and brick wall as the remains of the former monastery and town wall has been preserved. The monastery church is considered to be the oldest preserved sacred building of the Cistercians in eastern Germany.
  • The Doberlug castle - transformed from 1551 by the abbot's house to the castle and the grounds of the castle garden in the Saxon Renaissance style completed in 1676 - was since 1657 a secondary residence of I. Christian Worth seeing is the castle fountain. The palace was visited by Frederick II of Prussia and Napoleon and was later used by units of the National People's Army for decades . After 2000 the shell was repaired and in 2007 a new, second tower helmet was installed.
  • Stadtpfarrkirche St. Marien, Kirchhain - construction began around 1280. After several changes, a late Gothic brick basilica with painted wooden barrel vaults and a late Romanesque brick tower with two pointed helmets was built. This makes the church the oldest building in Kirchhain. The furnishings include the altarpiece from 1743 and the pulpit from the 18th century. Since this church had three towers in the meantime, these can be found in the coat of arms. They were replaced in 1590 because of dilapidation.
  • Gasthof "Zum Rautenstock " - former cavalier house, laid out in 1666 as a guest house of the castle, defining building in the baroque town complex, horse stables preserved in the courtyard
  • Royally privileged pharmacy - from 1700 the seat of the pharmacy privileged by Duke Christian I of Saxony-Merseburg in 1689.
Weißgerbermuseum in the Kirchhain district
  • White tanner museum - the building that has housed the only white tanning museum in Europe since 1963 was built in 1753 as a tanner's house. In this museum, all the work steps required for leather production are presented. In addition, the visitor receives an overview of the history of the tanning trade and can view a collection of partly exotic leathers and furs from all over the world, valuable guild tableware and a modern shoemaker's and journeyman's room. Changing special exhibitions are attached to the museum.
  • Post windmill museum in the Trebbus district - a post windmill from 1851, which has served as a museum since 1969.
  • Kirchhain town hall - a late Renaissance building from 1680/82, expanded after 1850 and changed several times, with an elaborately designed meeting room, redesigned in 1905/06 by Karl Weber ; the building was restored in 1991.
  • Electoral Saxon post distance pillar from 1735/36 in the Kirchhain district on Schützenplatz. It was movedfrom the market to Schützenplatzin 1887 due to the erection of the monument to the Franco-German War and restored several times. The original block is located in the front garden of the Seeliger stonemasonry in Uebigau .
  • In Atelierhof Werenzhain , the former Gutshof Klix, artists live and work and have a permanent exhibition with installations by international and regional artists as well as changing temporary exhibitions with works by contemporary artists.

Parks and recreation areas

In the Schillerpark , in the Kirchhain district, there is a memorial stone for the 48 victims of a bomb attack on March 17, 1945. Another park near the former greyhound racing area connects the city with the formerly independent Kleinhof , which was incorporated in 1929, including vineyards and plump mill.

Waldbad Erna

The Waldbad Erna lake group, created as a local recreation area through lignite mining at the beginning of the 20th century, is four kilometers south of Doberlug-Kirchhain. The two main ponds are surrounded by bungalows and are particularly used by those looking for relaxation from the cities of Berlin and Dresden .


For events of all kinds, a town hall in the form of a multi-purpose hall was built on the former site of the VEB Tischfabrik Finsterwalde from 1996 to 1998 . It is used, among other things, for balls, concerts, honors and games for the women's handball teams of VfB Doberlug-Kirchhain. From 1993 to 2011, the Monte Lugau Rally , a two-wheel and three-wheel race, took place every August . Regular events in the urban area of ​​Doberlug-Kirchhain are listed below.

event meeting Venue
PSG Doberlug shooting festival 1st weekend after Pentecost Annually, club house Tiergartenstr. OT Doberlug
spring Festival May Annually alternating between Doberlug and Kirchhain
Court festival June Doberlug
Rock on the castle August Doberlug Castle
Medieval market September Doberlug
Elbe-Elster Castle Night September Doberlug Castle
Pub night November Kirchhain
Christmas Market 2nd Advent weekend Doberlug Castle
Concerts and events Several times a year Doberlug Castle and Doberlug Monastery Church
Summer & Beats Several times a year Town hall in Kirchhain

Economy and Infrastructure


Mainly medium-sized local companies with around 20 employees shape the economic structure. The larger companies with partially supra-regional activities include:

The largest former employers:

  • NVA and, after its dissolution, the 373 Parachute Battalion as part of Airborne Brigade 31 , stationed on the shaft . It was relocated to Seedorf near Zeven at the beginning of 2007 .
  • VEB Lederfabrik Doberlug-Kirchhain, formerly Lederfabrik Albert Hollmigk and Kirchhainer Fell- und Wollhandlung GmbH (1934 99 employees) and Städtische Lederfabrik, Kirchhain
  • VEB Tischfabrik Finsterwalde, Kirchhain branch
  • Doberlug-Kirchhain traction power plant of the Deutsche Reichsbahn
  • Max Schmersow (1890–1945), formerly Zahn und Bändel; Important printer and publisher of foreign language books and magazines.

Coal shaft on the vineyard

In 1947, the sinking of the Kirchhain I shaft (colloquially the shaft ) to the west of the city on the vineyard began. In 1950 a sinking scaffold was erected. The 428.5 meter deep shaft was sunk using the freezing process . After exploring the deposit, mining the coal was deemed unprofitable in the 1960s. The existing facilities were taken over by the NVA and expanded into a garrison . After the takeover by the German Armed Forces , the barracks were renewed and used as the location of the Parachute Battalion 373 until it was closed in 2007. Part of the former barracks site is currently used as an initial reception facility and is a branch of the Central Foreigners Registration Office (ZABH) Eisenhüttenstadt.


Road traffic

The state roads L 60 lead through the city between Falkenberg / Elster and Finsterwalde , L 70 to Dahme / Mark , L 601bach Finsterwalde and L 701 to Sonnewalde . The closest motorway junction is Großräschen on the A 13 Berlin- Dresden, about 28 km east of the city. State road 701 is also part of the northern route of the Fürstenstrasse of the Wettins .

Rail transport
Oldest part of the city's tower station (postcard from 1905)
Station after the redesign in 2012

The station Doberlug-Kirchhain is located near railroad tracks Berlin-Dresden and Falkenberg / Elster Cottbus . It is served by the following regional train lines , regional express and intercity lines:

From the beginning of May 2020, the station will be served by the reintroduced international long-distance train Vindobona , which runs as Railjet 256/257 between Graz and Berlin.

On December 1, 1871, the Falkenberg / Elster – Cottbus section of the Halle-Sorau-Guben Railway , inaugurated in 1872, was completed. The town's original station building was already then called Dobrilugk-Kirchhain and is now called the Old Station . It was used as a residential building and railway maintenance facility until the end of the 20th century .

The Berlin – Dresden railway line was opened on June 17, 1875, and today's tower station was built at the intersection with the (Leipzig-) Falkenberg / Elster – Cottbus line. In 1890 and 1909, the two lines were expanded to double tracks and electrified from 1980 to 1989. A decentralized traction power converter on the railway bridge in the direction of Frankena supplied sections of both lines with electricity. After 27 years of operation, it was shut down in July 2008 and replaced by a modern converter plant . In the 1980s it was planned to expand the station into a junction with several tracks per route, widened abutments at the crossing bridge are evidence of this. After the political change, however, this plan was not implemented.

Today the Doberlug-Kirchhain station (station number 1240) is a category 4 station . In 2007 it was redesigned to be handicapped accessible.


Evangelical high school with the observatory

Doberlug-Kirchhain's oldest school building already housed several types of school. It was inaugurated as a primary school on October 17, 1889 and also served as a military hospital during wartime. Used as the “ Hermann Matern ” secondary school in the GDR , the Gerberstadt grammar school, which was run by the Elbe-Elster district , existed until 2007 . Since then it has been continued under the sponsorship of the Evangelical Church with the name "Evangelisches Gymnasium Doberlug-Kirchhain".

Between 1985 and 1987, a school and public observatory with a three-meter dome diameter and an equatorial south sundial was built on the premises of the grammar school . As one of the most modern astronomical facilities in the state of Brandenburg, it is available to anyone interested with guided tours to visit the stars by prior arrangement.

The Berggrundschule , built in 1951 as the Werner Seelenbinder Oberschule , can be found in the Kirchhain district . It uses one of the four sports halls in the city. Other educational institutions in the city are the Evangelical High School and the Evangelical Primary School in the Trebbus district.


VfB Doberlug-Kirchhain achieves greater national sporting success in women's handball . The first women's team plays regularly in the Brandenburgliga, i. H. in the fourth highest division in Germany.

Each of the two parts of the city has its own football team, which has already been merged in certain age groups. There are also clubs in table tennis , volleyball , judo and gymnastics .

There is also a close connection to bowling from the GDR era. In the Doberlug district, for example, there is a classic bowling section of the Doberlug 1863 e. V. and in the Kirchhain district a section of screed bowling of SG Kirchhain e. V., emerged from BSG Lokomotive Kirchhain.

At the German individual championships in classic bowling, Irene Geske from the Turn- und Sportverein Doberlug 1863 e. V. Vice-champion in the senior class B, on the part of SG Kirchhain e. V. has convinced Christian Anspach in the past few years with eight participations in the state championships and twice in the German championships in Bohle bowling. With the 1st men's team, the club currently plays in the 1st national class. Lukas Rietz played an international match against Denmark in 2018. The youth department has won many medals at German championships so far. In addition to Lukas Rietz, Erik Koschan became German champion several times. Dominik Joite and Erik Steinmetz also won medals.

The TSV Doberlug 1863 e. V. celebrates its 150th anniversary in 2013. Every year on the first Sunday in November, the traditional forest run takes place in the Doberlug district. Organized by TSV Doberlug 1863 e. V. The family district ranking list run will be held in 2013 for the 30th time.

Doberlug-Kirchhain has a swimming pool in the Doberlug district, built in 1978 as a teaching pool (length 16.6 m, width 12 m, water depth 1.5 m). In addition to swimming training for children, varied courses are offered here: lifeguarding , aqua jogging , diving , back training . Children's parties and children's birthdays are also held here.


For Doberlug-Kirchhain the official gazette with information for the core city and the districts is published monthly. The printing house published the Kirchhainer Latest News until 1945 .


Honorary citizens and recognitions of the city (selection)

Honorary Citizenship

  • Time unknown:
    • Ulrich Kühn (1940–1989), master wooden slipper, engineer for leather processing; Independent master craftsman, has been making wooden slippers in the fifth generation since 1833; Long-time chairman of the BSG Traktor Doberlug-Kirchhain sports club and organizer of the "Building Brigade", under whose direction the Doberlug gymnasium was renovated and the teaching pool, a bowling alley and a daycare center were built. A street in Doberlug was named after him.
  • 1991:
    • Rainer Schröder (* 1943), pastor i. R., from 1976 to 1991 parish pastor in Kirchhain
  • 2004:
    • Horst Schultz (* 1935), chairman of the Doberlug-Kirchhain community and local community and honorary member of the castle association in the field of local history and tourism, and author of contemporary testimonies.
    • Joachim Schüler (* 1943), co-founder and chairman of the Association for Ball Games VfB Doberlug-Kirchhain e. V. Largest and most powerful association in the city with over 300 members (2005), half of them under 21 years of age.
    • Klaus-Joachim Wilker (* 1928), from the Trebbus district, made contributions to the maintenance of the post mill, which has served as a mill museum since 1969, and Trebbus local chronicle.

Golden Book of the City

  • 2000:
    • Ingrid Rudolph, who reported a fire in the multi-purpose hall early on
    • Men's Choir Doberlug 1869 e. V.
    • Chandelier builder 1849 e. V.
  • 2001: Martin Pauligk (1900–2000), master tanner (posthumous)

Golden sneaker

  • 2005: Joachim Büchl

sons and daughters of the town

Adolph Christian Wendler (1734–1794), Saxon lawyer and mayor of the city of Leipzig
Heinrich Clauren (1771-1854); actually Carl Gottlieb Samuel Heun , writer, brother of Charlotte Kanitz
Hermann Wilhelm Vogel (1834–1898), photo chemist ; a plaque on the house where he was born in Doberlug commemorates him
Memorial plaque for August Carl Friedrich Freiherr von Schirnding (1753–1812), head forest master, founder of the first German evangelical mission school; The Protestant parish hall in Doberlug is named after him
  • Gregor Weßenigk (* before 1465 in Kirchhain; † 1494), Roman Catholic clergyman and from 1482 to 1488 rector of the Thomas School in Leipzig
  • Paul Richter (1516–1598), ev. Theologian; 1543 Vice Rector in Pirna, 1545 Pastor in Neustadt (Saxony)

Personalities associated with Doberlug-Kirchhain

  • Paul Bachmann (1465 / 1468–1538), Cistercian abbot from Altzelle. As a controversial theologian, King Ferdinand gave him visits to Neuzelle and Dobrilugk in 1532 and 1537
  • Johann Sagittarius (also: Schütz; 1531–1584), Lutheran theologian, was ordained as pastor in Doberlug on January 3, 1554 in Wittenberg
  • Eustachius Schildo (* before 1547 – after 1569), moralist and Lutheran cantor in Kirchhain
  • Andreas Praetorius jun. (1578–1616), Lutheran theologian, became pastor in Dobrilugk in 1604, son of Andreas Prätorius (1550–1586)
  • Leonhard Emmerich (1609–1669), philosopher, pastor in Kirchhain and superintendent of the Dobrilugk reign until his death
  • Johann Simon (1621–1701), theologian and superintendent of the Dobrilugk rule and pastor in Kirchhain
  • Georg Sigismund Green the Elder (1673–1734), Lutheran theologian and from 1701 preacher in Dobrilugk
  • Theodor Crüger (1694–1751), Lutheran theologian and historian; 1727 first preacher and school inspector in Kirchhain
  • Johann Gottlieb Rose (1700 – after 1747), castle preacher and superintendent in Dobrilugk from 1747
  • Johann Friedrich Bahrdt (1713–1775), Evangelical Lutheran theologian and 1745 superintendent and castle preacher in Dobrilugk
  • Johann Gottlob Werner (1719–1781), Protestant theologian and from 1761 superintendent in Dobrilugk
  • Christiane Margarethe Herwart , (1641–1700); Niece of Solomon Glassius
  • Heinrich August Typke (1744–1830), Protestant theologian and from 1786 superintendent and castle preacher in Dobrilugk
  • August Carl Friedrich Freiherr von Schirnding , actually August Carl Friedrich Freiherr von Schirnding (1753–1812), head forester, founder of the first German Protestant mission school; became known as the Electoral Saxon Chamberlain, Chief Forester and Game Master ; The Protestant parish hall in Doberlug is named after him
  • Karl Ferdinand Menke (formerly Manko ) (1772–1819), writer (1810: Urania the Younger , 1810: Die Younger Horen , 1817: epigrams, symbolic poems, sayings ); since 1795 actuary and since 1801 secretary in Dobrilugk
  • Christian Friedrich Fritzsche (1776–1850), Protestant theologian, became superintendent in Dobrilugk in 1809, honorary professor in 1827 and full professor of theology in Halle in 1830 and father of Otto Fridolin Fritzsche and Franz Volkmar Fritzsche
  • Ernst von Houwald (1778–1845), writer; since 1805 state deputy of the Luckau district; after the Battle of the Nations near Leipzig chargé d'affaires of the state armament in the Dobrilugk-Sonnewald district; led the relief and restoration measures in the Luckau district
  • Karl Gottlob Boche (1795–1867), theologian, author of sacred songs (“Chants during the deaths and burials of Protestant Christians”, 1832); Born the son of a craftsman, worked as a teacher in Dobrilugk and Kirchhain, preacher in Drossen, attended the Lyceum in Luckau
  • Adolf Werner (1827–1904), portrait and romantic genre painter with a studio apartment in Doberlug Castle
  • Paul Werner (1848–1927), politician and district judge in Kirchhain from 1872 to 1878
  • Robert Bertin (1849–1933) (actually Paul Robert Adalbert Bertin , pseudonym Alexis Bertino, Bertino ), teacher and writer (1881: Aias, Dramatic Poetry after Sophocles , 1883: Old Classical Myths and Legends ), spent his youth with his grandfather in Dobrilugk
  • Bernhard Jähde (1863–13 June 1913), from 1890 to 1913 senior pastor in Kirchhain, founder of a settlement on the outskirts of Kirchhain, which was built from 1908 to 1913 on a 10 hectare church field with 38 houses and is called Jähdeneck.
  • Rudolf Lehmann (1891–1984), historian and archivist (see literature)
  • Johannes Enke (1899–1945), communist resistance fighter against the Nazi regime, prisoner in Buchenwald concentration camp and victim of fascism. Electrician at the Dobrilugk overland center.
  • Albert Hollmigk, leather manufacturer at the largest leather factory in Kirchhain (founded in 1905), client of workers' apartments on Bahnhofstrasse in Kirchhain
  • Kathleen Manigk (* 1969), decorator and craftsman


  • The Kirchhainer Damm in Berlin- Tempelhof-Schöneberg , district Lichtenrade , has been named after Kirchhain since August 31, 1949. The name replaced the name Kaiser-Wilhelm-Straße (before 1902-1949). It is part of the B 96 , which leads past Kirchhain through Finsterwalde.
  • In the poem "Nû schrîet but diu nebelkrâ" ("But now the hooded crow"), Walther von der Vogelweide laments the long winter and mentions Doberlug:

"Would be oppressive as I am nû, I became ê münch ze Toberlû"

"Before I would be squeezed into such distress as I am now, I would sooner be a monk in Toberluh."

- Walther von der Vogelweide : 1210/11


  • Andreas Hanslok: Doberlug-Kirchhain. Small town chronicle . City administration Doberlug-Kirchhain (ed.), Oberlausitzer Verlag Frank Nürnberger, 2003, ISBN 3-933827-36-1 .
  • Rudolf Lehmann : The older history of the Cistercian monastery Dobrilugk in Lausitz . Inaugural dissertation . In: Niederlausitzer Mitteilungen . 1916.
  • Carl Wilhelm Zahn (1884), edited and continued by Gotthold Zahn (1925): Chronicle of Kirchhain and Dobrilugk, County and City of Sonnewalde. Printed and published by Gotthold Zahn, Kirchhain N.-L., 1926.
  • Gustav Tegtmeyer: Home book of the city of Doberlug-Kirchhain , reviewed and expanded by Annemarie Friese-Tegtmeyer. Hanover 1994.
  • Hans-Georg Procopius: The history of the tannery in the city of Doberlug-Kirchhain . 2007, ISBN 978-3-939656-26-5 .
  • Heimatverein Doberlug-Kirchhain (Ed.): Doberlug-Kirchhain - Tell Pictures. Geiger-Verlag, Horb am Neckar , 1st edition, 1994, ISBN 3-89264-901-4 .
  • Kurt Beilfuß (Ed.): Doberlug-Kirchhain - Telling Streets. 2004, ISBN 3-00-013567-7 .
  • Horst Schulz: Doberlug-Kirchhain. In: Palaces and Gardens of the Mark. Berlin 2012.
  • Werner Mlasowsky: Organ landscape Elbe-Elster .
  • Brandenburg Provincial Association (Ed.): Art Monuments of the Province of Brandenburg , Volume V. Edited by the Provincial Conservator Theodor Goecke and edited by the architect Dr. phil. Jung and Professor Dr. Willy Sparrow. Vossische Verlagbuchhandlung, Berlin 1917.
  • Margarete Gericke : The Hanschkel case. 1985; Church dispute in Dobrilugk. 1978; The race at Dobrilugk Monastery. 1965; each Berlin, Evangelische Verlagsanstalt GmbH.
  • Camillo Ehregott Zschille: Faithful images of past and present views of Prussian cities together with their most memorable buildings, coats of arms (seals), etc. , Dobrilugk in 1891; Kirchhain N.-L. in 1891.
  • Fritz Lubiger: History of the City of Dobrilugk , Finsterwalde 1909.

Web links

Commons : Doberlug-Kirchhain  - Collection of images, videos and audio files
Wikisource: Doberlug-Kirchhain  - Sources and full texts

Individual evidence

  1. Population in the State of Brandenburg according to municipalities, offices and municipalities not subject to official registration on December 31, 2019 (XLSX file; 223 KB) (updated official population figures) ( help on this ).
  2. a b Anthracite deposit in Doberlug-Kirchhain (PDF; 1.5 MB)
  3. leh: Archeologists medieval wine pits near Doberlug free. In: Lausitzer Rundschau . July 22, 2009
  4. ^ Service portal of the state administration Brandenburg. City of Doberlug-Kirchhain
  5. ^ Siegfried Körner: Place name book of Niederlausitz. Berlin 1993, ISBN 3-05-000836-9 , p. 141.
  6. Friedrich Redlich: Contributions to the settlement history of Niederlausitz from a naming perspective (= history and present of the Cottbus district. Special issue). Cottbus 1983, p. 55
  7. a b c d Doberlug-Kirchhain - Tell Pictures. Geiger-Verlag, Horb am Neckar , 1st edition 1994, ISBN 3-89264-901-4 .
  8. Winfried Schich: "On the role of trade in the economy of the Cistercian monasteries in north-eastern Central Europe in the second half of the 12th and first half of the 13th century." In: Zisterzienser-Studien 4, Berlin 1979, p. 167.
  9. Municipalities in 1994 and their changes since January 1st, 1948 in the new federal states. Metzler-Poeschel publishing house, Stuttgart 1995, ISBN 3-8246-0321-7 , publisher: Federal Statistical Office
  10. StBA: Changes in the municipalities in Germany, see 1999
  11. Incorporation of the municipalities belonging to Werenzhain, Hennersdorf, Dübrichen, Prießen and Nexdorf into the municipality belonging to Doberlug-Kirchhain with effect from August 31, 2001 . In: Official Journal for Brandenburg Common Ministerial Gazette for the State of Brandenburg , Volume 12, 2001, Number 37, Potsdam, September 12, 2001, p. 613/4, (PDF)
  12. Historical municipality directory of the state of Brandenburg 1875 to 2005. Elbe-Elster district (PDF) p. 34
  13. Historical municipality directory of the State of Brandenburg 1875 to 2005. Elbe-Elster district (PDF) pp. 14-17
  14. Population in the state of Brandenburg from 1991 to 2015 according to independent cities, districts and municipalities , Table 7
  15. ^ Office for Statistics Berlin-Brandenburg (Ed.): Statistical report AI 7, A II 3, A III 3. Population development and population status in the state of Brandenburg (respective editions of the month of December)
  16. ^ Result of the local election on May 26, 2019
  17. Local elections October 26, 2003. Mayoral elections , p. 24
  18. Brandenburg Local Election Act, Section 74
  19. ^ Result of the mayoral election on October 8, 2017
  20. Coat of arms information on the service portal of the state administration of Brandenburg
  21. Name of the church according to the homepage of the local parish
  22. Doberlug Evangelical Church Community (ed.): Cistercian Monastery Church Doberlug - Historical Tour , Flyer, 05/14
  23. Frank Lehmann: 300th anniversary of the Doberluger Rifle Guild on Saturday, June 15, 2019. Retrieved on May 28, 2019 (German).
  24. Brandenburg State Main Archives
  25. ^ Website of the school and public observatory in Doberlug-Kirchhain
  26. Heike Lehmann: Lausitzer Rundschau , October 4, 2010.
  27. Three honorary citizens 2004 . In: Lausitzer Rundschau , January 15, 2005
  28. a b Heike Lehmann: Pent-up demand in terms of recognition. In: Lausitzer Rundschau . April 22, 2004. Retrieved January 20, 2017 .
  29. DNB 1011211610
  30. DNB 115434860
  31. DNB 100921140
  32. DNB 121578283
  33. Portrait including work. Bayerische Staatsbibliothek , DNB 1019316578 - Schalitz, Christ .. In: Johann Heinrich Zedler : Large complete universal lexicon of all sciences and arts . Volume 34, Leipzig 1742, column 824.
  34. DNB 130172022
  35. ^ Schmerbauch in the German National Library
  36. ^ Annual report 1928 (PDF; 1.0 MB) of the Disconto-Gesellschaft Berlin, p. 18
  37. ^ Entry in the Federal Archives
  38. DNB 135641470
  39. ^ Rudolf Lehmann: Document book of the Dobrilugk monastery.
  40. Entry in persons WIKI of SLUBB Dresden ( Memento of the original from August 8, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.  @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  41. Werner Didzuhn: A Niederlausitzer rediscovered. Cantor Eustachius Schildo von Kirchhain and his book against gambling. In: Niederlausitz Studies. Issue 34, 2008, pp. 125-134
  42. wikisource ADB
  43. ^ Conrad David books (1612–1675): funeral sermon and DNB entry
  44. Short biography and catalog raisonné in VD 17
  45. Entry in DNB
  46. Entry DNB
  47. ^ Werner RauppSchirnding, August Carl Friedrich Freiherr von. In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 23, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 2007, ISBN 978-3-428-11204-3 , p. 11 f. ( Digitized version ).
  48. ^ Karl Goedeke , Edmund Goetze: Outline of the history of German poetry from the sources. 2nd Edition. Ehlermann, Leipzig 1900, vol. 7, p.  302http: //vorlage_digitalisat.test/1%3D~GB%3D~IA%3Dgrundriszzurges01jacogoog~MDZ%3D%0A~SZ%3Dn317~ double-sided%3D~LT%3D302~PUR%3D .
  49. ^ Karl Ferdinand Menke on
  50. ^ Karl Demmel: Heimatlicher Parnassus. Poets from the Jüterbog-Luckenwalde district. In: home calendar Jüterbog. Luckenwalde 1939, p. 71 ff .; Karl Goedeke: Outline of the history of German poetry. Berlin 1884 ff.
  51. ^ Entry at the German National Library
  52. Jürgen Israel, Peter Walther (ed.): Muses and Graces in the Mark: A historical writer lexicon . P. 163
  53. ^ Franke: Official Gazette for the City of Doberlug-Kirchhain, Volume 16, October 18, 2006, Number 21, p. 10
  54. Entry DNB
  55. Kirchhainer Damm. In: Street name lexicon of the Luisenstädtischer Bildungsverein (near  Kaupert )
  56. Finsterwalde and the surrounding area. Retrieved February 12, 2013 .
  57. ^ Entry in the German National Library