|coat of arms||Germany map|
|County :||Elbe Elster|
|Height :||101 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||119.29 km 2|
|Residents:||3210 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||27 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||03249|
|Area code :||035323|
|License plate :||EE, FI, LIB|
|Community key :||12 0 62 469|
|LOCODE :||DE SED|
|City structure:||17 districts or city districts|
City administration address :
|Mayor :||Felix Friday|
|Location of the city of Sonnewalde in the Elbe-Elster district|
The community of Sonnewalde consists of 17 districts:
The following are identified as inhabited parts of the municipality: Alleestraße, Georgshof, Klementinenhof, Münchhausen, Ossak, Peterhof, Siedlung and Wallhaus.
Eight municipalities were incorporated into Sonnewalde in 2002. In 2003 two more congregations followed.
Before that, in 1973, 1977, 1978 and 1998, incorporations took place in the area of the current municipality of Sonnewalde.
|Former parish||Sorbian-Wendish name||date||annotation|
|Stretchers||Bóryń||May 1, 2002|
|Brenitz||Bronice||May 1, 2002|
|Brjazyna||1st October 1973||Incorporation to Breitenau|
|Breitenau||Bretna||October 26, 2003|
|Dabern||Dobryń||January 1, 1978||Incorporation to Goßmar|
|Friedersdorf||Bedrichojce||May 1, 2002|
|Goßmar||Gósmar||May 1, 2002|
|Large stretchers||Bóryń||September 1, 1977||Merger with small stretchers to form stretchers|
|Großkrausnik||Wjelika Kšušwica||May 1, 2002|
|Small stretchers||Bóryńk||September 1, 1977||Merger with large stretchers to form stretchers|
|Kleinkrausnik||Mała Kšušwica||May 1, 2002|
|Möllendorf||1st October 1973||Incorporation to Breitenau|
|Munchausen||October 26, 2003|
|1st October 1973||Incorporation to Münchhausen|
|Pahlsdorf||Palice||May 1, 2002|
|Pissy||Pěski||January 1, 1978||Incorporation to Goßmar|
|Schönewalde||Běły Gózd||September 27, 1998||Incorporation to Münchhausen|
|Zeckerin||Zagorin||May 1, 2002|
Sonnewalde was first mentioned in 1255 in a sales deed between Johannes von Sunnenwalde and the Dobrilugk monastery . However, as a Wendish swamp castle , similar to the Slavic castle Raddusch , the city is likely to be much older, and the German settlement and the expansion to the Burgwardium certainly took place long before it was first mentioned. The origin of those from Sunnenwalde can no longer be clarified. However, they sold the Sunnenwalde rule between 1318 and 1328 to the de Ileburg family , who gave half of the Sonnewalde rule to the von Kolditz family in the second half of the 15th century. In 1364, Elector Otto von Wittelsbach sold the Lausitz region to the Kingdom of Bohemia .
In 1481 the court marshal Hans von Minckwitz bought Sonnewalde for 28,000 guilders from the Saxon Duke Albrecht, who had bought the rule from the Ileburgers in 1477 and thus quarreled with the Kingdom of Bohemia, which considered Lusatia and thus Sonnewalde to be part of the Kingdom of Bohemia. As a result of this dispute, unsettled times began for the town, as disputes threatened again and again. Sonnewalde achieved relative fame after 1517, when Nickel von Minckwitz, the son of the court marshal, was one of the first to introduce the Lutheran faith in Sonnewalde. So he messed with the Saxon and Bohemian princes and consequently lost the fiefdom of Sonnewalde.
On March 21, 1537, Sonnewalde was sold to Count Philipp von Solms-Lich for 40,000 guilders , with which the line of those von Solms-Sonnenwalde was founded, who ruled Sonnewalde until 1918 and held the property until the expropriation in 1945. Count Otto rebuilt the castle at great expense at the turn of the 16th and 17th centuries.
In the period that followed, the situation in Sonnewalde stabilized, the city experienced an upswing in importance and prospered until the Thirty Years' War . Sonnewalde was able to survive the first years of the war relatively unscathed and offered protection to the residents of the surrounding villages as well as those of the cities of Finsterwalde, Doberlug and Kirchhain due to their very good fortifications. However, on April 22, 1642, Sonnewalde was captured by betrayal by the Swedes, who looted the city and set it completely on fire. In the years that followed, the city was defenseless against the horrors of war. The population decreased from 1665 in 1620 to 726 in 1648.
By resolution of the Congress of Vienna in 1815, Lower Lusatia became Prussian , the Margraviate was dissolved and the Lower Lusatia area was attached to the Province of Brandenburg . Sonnewalde belonged to the Luckau district .
In 1952 the city was incorporated into the Finsterwalde district in the GDR district of Cottbus (1990-1993 back in the state of Brandenburg). Since the district reform in 1993 , it has been in the Elbe-Elster district.
See also: History of Niederlausitz .
The meaning of the name is not clearly established, there are three interpretations. The closest, as a sunny place in the forest, seems to be the most unlikely and was probably not created until after 1500. The city's oldest coats of arms also don't show the sun, but a leafy tree in a triangular shield. A second variant goes back to the medieval name Sunno and would explain the place name as the city of Sunno . Medieval spellings can also be explained as Sunnowalde or Sunnewalde. The third interpretation is derived from a legend according to which King Otto I hunted in the area with the margrave Gero in 950 . Thereupon the rebellious son of Otto, Ludolph, appeared and asked the future emperor for atonement, which was granted to him. Then the place was called Sunewald in German.
The Sorbian name Groźišćo means fort or fortification.
Territory of the respective year, number of inhabitants: as of December 31 (from 1991), from 2011 based on the 2011 census
The city council assembly of Sonnewalde consists of 16 city councilors and the full-time mayor as a voting member. The local elections on May 26, 2019 had the following results with a turnout of 68.6%:
|Independent voter community Sonnewalde / surrounding area||CDU||AfD||Individual applicant Viktor Kohlruß||Single applicant Denny Rose||The left|
- 1998–2003: Axel Große (SPD)
- 2003–2011: Silke Neisser
- 2011–2019: Werner Busse (CDU)
- since 2019: Felix Freitag (Independent voter community Sonnewalde / surrounding area)
Friday was elected in the mayoral election on September 15, 2019 with 54.2% of the valid votes for a term of eight years.
coat of arms
The coat of arms was approved on February 11, 2004.
Blazon : "In blue a golden sun with a face and eleven rays."
The coat of arms was redesigned in 2004 by heraldist Frank Diemar .
Historical coat of arms
Blazon: "In blue on green ground, a natural oak in front of a rising golden sun."
An older one from the beginning of the 18th century shows a blue-faced sun, seals from the 16th century show a tree, and those from the 17th century also have a sun as a symbol.
Sights and culture
- The parish church was built at the end of the 14th / 1st Half of the 15th century and was restored after a fire in 1734. The church furnishings include an altar retable that shows the crucifixion of Jesus on the altar sheet , based on a work by Murillo .
- The front lock of the Sonnewalde Castle, which burned down in 1947, has been preserved, the core of which dates from the 15th century. A landscape park is attached to the palace area.
- The Großkrausnik village church was built around 1400 and was expanded to include a roof turret during the Baroque period . In the interior there is, among other things, a baroque altarpiece from around 1700. It comes from the Doberlug cabinetmaker Abraham Jäger .
- The Münchhausen village church was built in 1895. Inside there is a church interior from the period of construction .
- Niederlausitzer museum railway
- Planet trail
- Motorcycle museum in the Schönewalde district
- Sonnewalde local history museum
Economy and Infrastructure
Finsterwalder Bau-Union GmbH (FBU) with branch in Saxony
The Brenitz-Sonnewalde station in the Brenitz district, which is no longer used for passenger traffic, is on the Berlin – Dresden railway line .
The city of Sonnewalde has a primary school.
sons and daughters of the town
- Anna Maria zu Solms-Sonnenwalde (1585–1634), Countess of Hohenlohe-Langenburg
- Matthäus Claunigk (1708–1781), organ builder
- Carl Gotthold Claunigk (1761–1829), organ builder
- Johann Christoph Schröther the Younger (1774–1859), organ builder
- Johann Gottlieb Lehmann (1782–1837), philologist and educator
- Benedictus Gotthelf Teubner (1784–1856), bookseller and founder of the publishing house, born in Großkrausnik
- Hermann Sasse (1895–1976), Lutheran theologian
- Karl Adolph Ferdinand Zehme: The capture and cremation of the city Sonnewalde by the Swedes . Leipzig 1841 ( digitized version )
- Emil Thürmer: City and Castle Sonnewalde in ancient times . Finsterwalde 1925, Reprint Heimatverlag Lübben 2000
- Website of the city of Sonnewalde
- Link catalog on the subject of Sonnewalde at curlie.org (formerly DMOZ )
- Pahlsdorf in the RBB broadcast Landschleicher on August 30, 2015
- Population in the State of Brandenburg according to municipalities, offices and municipalities not subject to official registration on December 31, 2019 (XLSX file; 223 KB) (updated official population figures) ( help on this ).
- Schloss and ParkSonnewalde on Elbe-Elster-Land.de
- entry "Groźišćo" in the Lower Sorbian place names database on dolnoserbski.de
- Statistics of the German Reich, Volume 450: Official municipality directory for the German Reich, Part I, Berlin 1939; Page 250
- Service the state administration Brandenburg. City of Sonnewalde
- StBA: Changes in the municipalities in Germany, see 2002
- StBA: Changes in the municipalities in Germany, see 2003
- Municipalities 1994 and their changes since January 1, 1948 in the new federal states , Metzler-Poeschel publishing house, Stuttgart, 1995, ISBN 3-8246-0321-7 , publisher: Federal Statistical Office
- StBA: Changes in the municipalities in Germany, see 1998
References for sorbische designations:
Bóryń , Bronice , Bretna , Dobryn , Bedrichojce , Gosmar , Bóryń , Wjelika Kšušwica , Bóryńk , Mala Kšušwica , Wósek , Palice , Pęski , BELY Gózd , Zagorin → Arnošt Muka: Lower Sorbian names of towns and villages , 1911–1928
- Individual reference for the Sorbian name: Filip Rězak : German-Wendish encyclopaedic dictionary of the Upper Lusatian language , Bautzen 1920.
- Historical municipality register of the state of Brandenburg 1875 to 2005. Elbe-Elster district . Pp. 26-30
- Population in the state of Brandenburg from 1991 to 2015 according to independent cities, districts and municipalities , Table 7
- Office for Statistics Berlin-Brandenburg (Ed.): Statistical report AI 7, A II 3, A III 3. Population development and population status in the state of Brandenburg (respective editions of the month of December)
- Result of the local election on May 26, 2019
- Results of the municipal elections in 1998 (mayoral elections) for the Elbe-Elster district ( Memento of the original from April 21, 2018 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Local elections October 26, 2003. Mayoral elections , p. 24
- Result of the mayoral election on September 11, 2011
- Brandenburg Local Election Act, Section 74
- Result of the mayoral election on September 15, 2019
- Coat of arms information on the service portal of the state administration of Brandenburg