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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the city of Sonnewalde
Map of Germany, position of the city of Sonnewalde highlighted

Coordinates: 51 ° 41 ′  N , 13 ° 39 ′  E

Basic data
State : Brandenburg
County : Elbe Elster
Height : 101 m above sea level NHN
Area : 119.29 km 2
Residents: 3210 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 27 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 03249
Area code : 035323
License plate : EE, FI, LIB
Community key : 12 0 62 469
City structure: 17 districts or city ​​districts

City administration address :
Schulstrasse 3
03249 Sonnewalde
Website :
Mayor : Felix Friday
Location of the city of Sonnewalde in the Elbe-Elster district
Bad Liebenwerda Crinitz Doberlug-Kirchhain Elsterwerda Falkenberg Fichtwald Finsterwalde Gorden-Staupitz Großthiemig Gröden Heideland Herzberg Hirschfeld Hohenbucko Hohenleipisch Kremitzaue Lebusa Lichterfeld-Schacksdorf Massen-Niederlausitz Merzdorf Mühlberg/Elbe Plessa Röderland Rückersdorf Sallgast Schilda Schlieben Schönborn Schönewalde Schraden Sonnewalde Tröbitz Uebigau-Wahrenbrück Brandenburgmap
About this picture
Sonnewalde Castle around 1860, Alexander Duncker Collection , destroyed by arson in 1947
Sonnewalde Castle, front lock
Market in Sonnewalde
Church in Sonnewalde

Sonnewalde ( Groźišćo in Lower Sorbian ) is a town in the Elbe-Elster district in Brandenburg .

City structure

The community of Sonnewalde consists of 17 districts:

The following are identified as inhabited parts of the municipality: Alleestraße, Georgshof, Klementinenhof, Münchhausen, Ossak, Peterhof, Siedlung and Wallhaus.


Eight municipalities were incorporated into Sonnewalde in 2002. In 2003 two more congregations followed.

Before that, in 1973, 1977, 1978 and 1998, incorporations took place in the area of ​​the current municipality of Sonnewalde.

Former parish Sorbian-Wendish name date annotation
Stretchers Bóryń May 1, 2002
Brenitz Bronice May 1, 2002
formerly Presehna
Brjazyna 1st October 1973 Incorporation to Breitenau
Breitenau Bretna October 26, 2003
Dabern Dobryń January 1, 1978 Incorporation to Goßmar
Friedersdorf Bedrichojce May 1, 2002
Goßmar Gósmar May 1, 2002
Large stretchers Bóryń September 1, 1977 Merger with small stretchers to form stretchers
Großkrausnik Wjelika Kšušwica May 1, 2002
Small stretchers Bóryńk September 1, 1977 Merger with large stretchers to form stretchers
Kleinkrausnik Mała Kšušwica May 1, 2002
Möllendorf 1st October 1973 Incorporation to Breitenau
Munchausen October 26, 2003
Ossak Wósek
dial. Wóseńck
1st October 1973 Incorporation to Münchhausen
Pahlsdorf Palice May 1, 2002
Pissy Pěski January 1, 1978 Incorporation to Goßmar
Schönewalde Běły Gózd September 27, 1998 Incorporation to Münchhausen
Zeckerin Zagorin May 1, 2002


Sonnewalde was first mentioned in 1255 in a sales deed between Johannes von Sunnenwalde and the Dobrilugk monastery . However, as a Wendish swamp castle , similar to the Slavic castle Raddusch , the city ​​is likely to be much older, and the German settlement and the expansion to the Burgwardium certainly took place long before it was first mentioned. The origin of those from Sunnenwalde can no longer be clarified. However, they sold the Sunnenwalde rule between 1318 and 1328 to the de Ileburg family , who gave half of the Sonnewalde rule to the von Kolditz family in the second half of the 15th century. In 1364, Elector Otto von Wittelsbach sold the Lausitz region to the Kingdom of Bohemia .

In 1481 the court marshal Hans von Minckwitz bought Sonnewalde for 28,000 guilders from the Saxon Duke Albrecht, who had bought the rule from the Ileburgers in 1477 and thus quarreled with the Kingdom of Bohemia, which considered Lusatia and thus Sonnewalde to be part of the Kingdom of Bohemia. As a result of this dispute, unsettled times began for the town, as disputes threatened again and again. Sonnewalde achieved relative fame after 1517, when Nickel von Minckwitz, the son of the court marshal, was one of the first to introduce the Lutheran faith in Sonnewalde. So he messed with the Saxon and Bohemian princes and consequently lost the fiefdom of Sonnewalde.

On March 21, 1537, Sonnewalde was sold to Count Philipp von Solms-Lich for 40,000 guilders , with which the line of those von Solms-Sonnenwalde was founded, who ruled Sonnewalde until 1918 and held the property until the expropriation in 1945. Count Otto rebuilt the castle at great expense at the turn of the 16th and 17th centuries.

In the period that followed, the situation in Sonnewalde stabilized, the city experienced an upswing in importance and prospered until the Thirty Years' War . Sonnewalde was able to survive the first years of the war relatively unscathed and offered protection to the residents of the surrounding villages as well as those of the cities of Finsterwalde, Doberlug and Kirchhain due to their very good fortifications. However, on April 22, 1642, Sonnewalde was captured by betrayal by the Swedes, who looted the city and set it completely on fire. In the years that followed, the city was defenseless against the horrors of war. The population decreased from 1665 in 1620 to 726 in 1648.

By resolution of the Congress of Vienna in 1815, Lower Lusatia became Prussian , the Margraviate was dissolved and the Lower Lusatia area was attached to the Province of Brandenburg . Sonnewalde belonged to the Luckau district .

In 1952 the city was incorporated into the Finsterwalde district in the GDR district of Cottbus (1990-1993 back in the state of Brandenburg). Since the district reform in 1993 , it has been in the Elbe-Elster district.

See also: History of Niederlausitz .

Place name

The meaning of the name is not clearly established, there are three interpretations. The closest, as a sunny place in the forest, seems to be the most unlikely and was probably not created until after 1500. The city's oldest coats of arms also don't show the sun, but a leafy tree in a triangular shield. A second variant goes back to the medieval name Sunno and would explain the place name as the city ​​of Sunno . Medieval spellings can also be explained as Sunnowalde or Sunnewalde. The third interpretation is derived from a legend according to which King Otto I hunted in the area with the margrave Gero in 950 . Thereupon the rebellious son of Otto, Ludolph, appeared and asked the future emperor for atonement, which was granted to him. Then the place was called Sunewald in German.

The Sorbian name Groźišćo means fort or fortification.

Population development

year Residents
1875 1 298
1890 1,260
1910 1 213
1925 1 081
1933 1 143
1939 1 163
1946 1,498
1950 1 435
year Residents
1964 1 274
1971 1 288
1981 1 239
1985 1 208
1989 1 228
1990 1 202
1991 1 148
1992 1 128
1993 1 117
1994 1 136
year Residents
1995 1 121
1996 1 108
1997 1 138
1998 1 121
1999 1 113
2000 1 093
2001 1 075
2002 2,842
2003 3 771
2004 3,708
year Residents
2005 3 673
2006 3 600
2007 3,567
2008 3,529
2009 3,506
2010 3 452
2011 3 446
2012 3 385
2013 3 359
2014 3 343
year Residents
2015 3 319
2016 3 261
2017 3 256
2018 3 231
2019 3 210

Territory of the respective year, number of inhabitants: as of December 31 (from 1991), from 2011 based on the 2011 census


City Council

The city council assembly of Sonnewalde consists of 16 city councilors and the full-time mayor as a voting member. The local elections on May 26, 2019 had the following results with a turnout of 68.6%:

Independent voter community Sonnewalde / surrounding area CDU AfD Individual applicant Viktor Kohlruß Single applicant Denny Rose The left
percent 33.4 30.7 19.1 7.2 4.8 4.7
Seats 5 5 3 1 1 1


  • 1998–2003: Axel Große (SPD)
  • 2003–2011: Silke Neisser
  • 2011–2019: Werner Busse (CDU)
  • since 2019: Felix Freitag (Independent voter community Sonnewalde / surrounding area)

Friday was elected in the mayoral election on September 15, 2019 with 54.2% of the valid votes for a term of eight years.

coat of arms

The coat of arms was approved on February 11, 2004.

Blazon : "In blue a golden sun with a face and eleven rays."

The coat of arms was redesigned in 2004 by heraldist Frank Diemar .

Historical coat of arms

Sonnewalde coat of arms (until 2004) .png

Blazon: "In blue on green ground, a natural oak in front of a rising golden sun."

An older one from the beginning of the 18th century shows a blue-faced sun, seals from the 16th century show a tree, and those from the 17th century also have a sun as a symbol.

Sights and culture

In the list of architectural monuments in Sonnewalde and in the list of ground monuments in Sonnewalde are the cultural monuments entered in the list of monuments of the state of Brandenburg.


  • Motorcycle museum in the Schönewalde district
  • Sonnewalde local history museum

Regular events

Economy and Infrastructure

Established businesses

Finsterwalder Bau-Union GmbH (FBU) with branch in Saxony


Sonnewalde is on the federal highway 96 between Luckau and Finsterwalde .

The Brenitz-Sonnewalde station in the Brenitz district, which is no longer used for passenger traffic, is on the Berlin – Dresden railway line .


The city of Sonnewalde has a primary school.

sons and daughters of the town


  • Karl Adolph Ferdinand Zehme: The capture and cremation of the city Sonnewalde by the Swedes . Leipzig 1841 ( digitized version )
  • Emil Thürmer: City and Castle Sonnewalde in ancient times . Finsterwalde 1925, Reprint Heimatverlag Lübben 2000

Web links

Commons : Sonnewalde  - Collection of images, videos and audio files
  • Pahlsdorf in the RBB broadcast Landschleicher on August 30, 2015

Individual evidence

  1. Population in the State of Brandenburg according to municipalities, offices and municipalities not subject to official registration on December 31, 2019 (XLSX file; 223 KB) (updated official population figures) ( help on this ).
  2. Schloss and ParkSonnewalde on
  3. entry "Groźišćo" in the Lower Sorbian place names database on
  4. Statistics of the German Reich, Volume 450: Official municipality directory for the German Reich, Part I, Berlin 1939; Page 250
  5. ^ Service portal of the state administration Brandenburg. City of Sonnewalde
  6. StBA: Changes in the municipalities in Germany, see 2002
  7. ^ StBA: Changes in the municipalities in Germany, see 2003
  8. Municipalities 1994 and their changes since January 1, 1948 in the new federal states , Metzler-Poeschel publishing house, Stuttgart, 1995, ISBN 3-8246-0321-7 , publisher: Federal Statistical Office
  9. ^ StBA: Changes in the municipalities in Germany, see 1998
  10. a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o
    References for sorbische designations:
    Bóryń , Bronice , Bretna , Dobryn , Bedrichojce , Gosmar , Bóryń , Wjelika Kšušwica , Bóryńk , Mala Kšušwica , Wósek , Palice , Pęski , BELY Gózd , Zagorin → Arnošt Muka: Lower Sorbian names of towns and villages , 1911–1928
  11. Individual reference for the Sorbian name: Filip Rězak : German-Wendish encyclopaedic dictionary of the Upper Lusatian language , Bautzen 1920.
  13. Historical municipality register of the state of Brandenburg 1875 to 2005. Elbe-Elster district . Pp. 26-30
  14. Population in the state of Brandenburg from 1991 to 2015 according to independent cities, districts and municipalities , Table 7
  15. ^ Office for Statistics Berlin-Brandenburg (Ed.): Statistical report AI 7, A II 3, A III 3. Population development and population status in the state of Brandenburg (respective editions of the month of December)
  16. ^ Result of the local election on May 26, 2019
  17. Results of the municipal elections in 1998 (mayoral elections) for the Elbe-Elster district ( Memento of the original from April 21, 2018 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  18. Local elections October 26, 2003. Mayoral elections , p. 24
  19. ^ Result of the mayoral election on September 11, 2011
  20. Brandenburg Local Election Act, Section 74
  21. ^ Result of the mayoral election on September 15, 2019
  22. Coat of arms information on the service portal of the state administration of Brandenburg