Herzberg (Elster)

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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the city of Herzberg (Elster)
Herzberg (Elster)
Map of Germany, position of the city of Herzberg (Elster) highlighted

Coordinates: 51 ° 42 '  N , 13 ° 14'  E

Basic data
State : Brandenburg
County : Elbe Elster
Height : 81 m above sea level NHN
Area : 149 km 2
Residents: 8917 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 60 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 04916
Area code : 03535
License plate : EE, FI, LIB
Community key : 12 0 62 224

City administration address :
Markt 1
04916 Herzberg (Elster)
Website : www.herzberg-elster.de
Mayor : Karsten Eule-Prütz (independent)
Location of the district town of Herzberg (Elster) in the Elbe-Elster district
Bad Liebenwerda Crinitz Doberlug-Kirchhain Elsterwerda Falkenberg Fichtwald Finsterwalde Gorden-Staupitz Großthiemig Gröden Heideland Herzberg Hirschfeld Hohenbucko Hohenleipisch Kremitzaue Lebusa Lichterfeld-Schacksdorf Massen-Niederlausitz Merzdorf Mühlberg/Elbe Plessa Röderland Rückersdorf Sallgast Schilda Schlieben Schönborn Schönewalde Schraden Sonnewalde Tröbitz Uebigau-Wahrenbrück Brandenburgmap
About this picture
Herzberg 1899

Herzberg (Elster) is the district town in the west of the Elbe-Elster district in Brandenburg . Herzberg (Elster) is a member of the “Cities with Historic Town Centers” working group of the State of Brandenburg. It forms one of the three middle centers of the district.


Herzberg lies in the lowlands formed by the Black Elster , full of streams and rivers. This landscape continues in particular to the west (towards the Elbe ) and south.

Geographical location

The city of Herzberg is located on the Black Elster about 90 km south of Berlin on the border with Saxony-Anhalt and Saxony . The geographical border triangle is located in the district of Züllsdorf . The B 87 and B 101 meet in Herzberg .

Neighboring communities

Herzberg borders the following municipalities (clockwise, starting from the north): Schönewalde , Kremitzaue , Schlieben , Uebigau-Wahrenbrück , Falkenberg / Elster , Beilrode and Annaburg .

City structure

According to the main statute, the urban area includes:

as well as the districts

In addition, there are the residential areas Alt Herzberg , Grochwitz , Kaxdorf , Kleinesee and Waldmühle .


On July 1, 1950, two former parishes were incorporated. Neunaundorf followed on January 1, 1960. On January 1, 1974 three more places were added. Finally, on December 31, 2001, a total of ten places were incorporated.

Former parish date annotation
Old Herzberg 10/01/1938
Arnsnesta December 31, 2001
Bicking 01/01/1974
Bark December 31, 2001
Buckau December 31, 2001
Fermerswalde December 31, 2001
Frauenhorst 01/01/1974
Friedersdorf December 31, 2001
Friedrichsluga 01/01/1974
Graefendorf December 31, 2001
Grochwitz 07/01/1950
Kaxdorf 07/01/1950
Löhsten December 31, 2001
Mahdel December 31, 2001
Neunaundorf 01/01/1960
Osteroda December 31, 2001
Rahnisdorf December 31, 2001
Redlin March 22, 1970 Incorporation to Osteroda
Züllsdorf December 31, 2001


The place was first referred to as Hirthsbergh , then Hirzberg . This was derived from * Hirschberg , from the deer . This is still the heraldic animal of the city. Later the name became Herzberg .


middle Ages

Herzberg around 1650

The oldest mention of the place is from 1239. Archaeological and dendrochronological studies suggest that it was formed around 1215. However, for a long time a document was referred to, according to which the place supposedly already existed in 1184. A review of the information revealed that the document in question does not exist and that Herzberg only played an important role in the region much later.

Count Friedrich II. Von Brehna initially only had the patronage of the area, later he took it as a settled fief in his possession. It was probably Dutch hydraulic engineers who dug ditches and walls around the city in order to expand and fortify the city; it was Lapine, Mühlgraben, north and south promenade.

After the death of Count Otto III. (IV.) Brehna († 1290) transferred King Rudolf on 31 August 1290, the county Brehna with the city of Herzberg as a completed fief to the Wettiner in Wittenberg, the Askanierherzog Rudolf I. The citizenship procured it, the city as a spa town Prince to assume.

In 1361 the city of Herzberg acquired the privilege of running the salt market. The medieval long-distance trade from Leipzig via Torgau led past Herzberg to Frankfurt / Oder . In 1467 the city acquired jurisdiction over neck and hand from the elector. The city had freedom of escort in the entire Electorate of Saxony , but in 1558 leased the “Haupt und Beigeleit” on the Leipzig – Frankfurt / Oder road.

16th to 18th century

As early as 1522, the Protestant service in German was introduced by Johannes Wagner. In 1538, Philipp Melanchthon wrote school regulations for the grammar school located here, which were adopted throughout Germany in the course of the 16th century.

Herzberg is one of the few German cities that could not be conquered during the Thirty Years' War from 1618 to 1648 due to an extensive river and rift system.

A city fire destroyed large parts of the town in 1757.

19th century

With the Congress of Vienna in 1815, Herzberg came to the Kingdom of Prussia in the province of Saxony . In 1816 it became the district town of the newly formed Schweinitz district .

Weimar Republic and the Nazi era

The NSDAP did not run for the election of the Herzberg city parliament in 1929, although there was a local group from 1924 on. Mayor was Walter Sourell of the German National People's Party until 1933. In the election to the Reichstag in 1933, the NSDAP received 57.7 percent of the vote.

Germany transmitter III 1939–1945

Residential house in the settlement Am Sender

Herzberg was the location of the German broadcaster III from 1939 to 1945 . The transmitter spread on long wave 191 kHz, the program of the Germany transmitter . A guyed , self-radiating transmission mast , which was 325 meters high without roof capacity, served as the antenna . At the top it carried a 4 meter high lenticular roof capacity with a diameter of 25 meters, which was accessible from the inside.

Since this mast also stood on an 8 meter high voting house, the entire construction was 337 meters high and at that time was the second tallest structure on earth. It was also noteworthy that this mast had no flight safety lights. Instead, during the night, its top was illuminated by three rotating spotlights mounted on small masts . In an air raid on April 21, 1945, the Deutschlandsender III was badly damaged and thus unusable, although the mast remained undamaged. After the end of the war , the entire technical equipment was dismantled by Red Army troops and civilians who had been called in. Remains of the transmitter are still there today. In addition, the street name "Am Sender" and the housing estate of the employees that has been preserved there is a reminder of the former location of the Deutschlandsender III. It is not known where the mast was rebuilt. Occasionally it is claimed that it was rebuilt in Raszyn , but there is no concrete evidence.

Since 1945

With the reorganization of the districts and districts in the GDR in 1952, Herzberg remained the district town of the newly founded Herzberg district in the Cottbus district .

In 1990 it was incorporated into the new federal state of Brandenburg , although historically it would actually have belonged to Saxony-Anhalt . Since the district reform in 1993 , Herzberg has been the district town of the Elbe-Elster district.

Population development

Population development of Herzberg from 1875 to 2017
year Residents
1875 4 009
1890 4,465
1910 3,927
1925 3 813
1933 4,263
1939 5 217
1946 6 635
1950 7 415
1964 7 503
1971 8 291
1981 8 800
year Residents
1985 8 851
1989 9 342
1990 9 315
1991 9 242
1992 9 146
1993 9 308
1994 9 105
1995 9 041
1996 8 960
1997 8 909
1998 8 802
year Residents
1999 8 691
2000 8 504
2001 11 148
2002 11 053
2003 11 046
2004 10 968
2005 10 930
2006 10 792
2007 10 524
2008 10 275
2009 10 130
year Residents
2010 9,982
2011 9 461
2012 9 345
2013 9 161
2014 9 127
2015 9 067
2016 9 129
2017 9 087
2018 9 027
2019 8 917

Territory of the respective year, number of inhabitants: as of December 31 (from 1991), from 2011 based on the 2011 census


City Council

Local elections 2019
Turnout: 57.9%
HZ b
Template: election chart / maintenance / notes
a rural voter group district town of Herzberg
b Herzberg voter group counts

The city council of Herzberg consists of 18 city councilors and the full-time mayor.

Party / group of voters Seats
Rural voter group district town of Herzberg 8th
Herzberg's voter group counts 4th
AfD 2
Individual applicant Mario Lehmann 1

(As of: local election on May 26, 2019)

Town hall and Marienkirche


  • 1994–2018: Michael Oecknigk (CDU)
  • since 2018: Karsten Eule-Prütz (independent)

Eule-Prütz was elected in the mayoral election on September 24, 2017 with 63.7 percent of the valid votes for a term of office of eight years. He took office on January 6, 2018.

coat of arms

The coat of arms was approved on January 19, 1993.

Blazon : "In silver on a green three-mountain, a striding red stag (with 12 ends)."

Town twinning

Villa Marx

Sister cities of Herzberg are:

Sights and culture

In the list of architectural monuments in Herzberg (Elster) and in the list of ground monuments in Herzberg (Elster) are the cultural monuments entered in the list of monuments of the State of Brandenburg.


Miracle stone
Old Kurhaus


Regular events

Every year on the first weekend in May the "Herzberger Tierparkfest" takes place. Every September, hundreds of astronomy enthusiasts with their telescopes meet not far from the city for the " Herzberger Telescope Meeting ". Since 2011, the Botanical Garden has been the venue for the Pfingstrock Open Air on Whitsunday, where well-known national and international artists perform.

Economy and Infrastructure

Middle center

In the Berlin-Brandenburg state development plan of March 31, 2009, Herzberg and the surrounding area were defined as a separate medium-sized center . The other two centers in the district are Finsterwalde and Elsterwerda / Bad Liebenwerda, with a division of functions.

Herzberg (Elster) train station


Herzberg is the intersection of federal road 87 ( Torgau - Luckau ) and federal road 101 ( Jüterbog - Bad Liebenwerda ).

The Herzberg (Elster) station (formerly Herzberg (Elster) West ) is about two kilometers from the center and is on the Jüterbog – Röderau railway line and is served by the RE 3 Stralsund – Berlin – Falkenberg and RB 43 Cottbus – Falkenberg (- Herzberg) lines .

There was also the Herzberg (Elster) Stadt train station on the Falkenberg – Beeskow railway line . Passenger traffic was stopped in 1998. From 2006 to 2008 the Elbe-Spreewald-Kurier and the Elbe-Elster-Express operated by the private railway company DRE Transport GmbH operated here in the summer half-year .


  • Municipal swimming pool
  • Football club (VfB Herzberg 68)
  • Handball club (SV Herzberg)


Honorary citizen

  • 2009, July 16: Horst Gutsche (* 1936), awarded for his publications on regional history, especially in the field of coin science
  • 2009, July 16: Helmut Knuppe (1924–2012), awarded for his publications on regional history
  • 2009, July 16: Jules August Schröder (* 1934), local politician in Büdingen , awarded for his support in the training of young people from Herzberg in Büdingen after the fall of the Wall
  • 2009, July 16: Paul Sellmann (* 1933), politician ( CDU ) from Höxter , awarded for his commitment to rebuilding the administration after the fall of the Wall and his commitment to the construction of the district hospital

sons and daughters of the town

Clajus memorial plaque in the "Magisterstraße"

Personalities associated with Herzberg


Web links

Commons : Herzberg  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Population in the State of Brandenburg according to municipalities, offices and municipalities not subject to official registration on December 31, 2019 (XLSX file; 223 KB) (updated official population figures) ( help on this ).
  2. ^ City of Herzberg (Elster): Main statute of the city of Herzberg (Elster) . February 18, 2009, § 1 Name and area of ​​the municipality, p. 1 ( verwaltungsportal.de [PDF; 182 kB ; accessed on June 15, 2018]).
  3. City of Herzberg (Elster) - districts according to § 45 municipal constitution - inhabited districts - living spaces. In: service.brandenburg.de. Ministry of the Interior and Local Affairs of the State of Brandenburg, January 8, 2018, accessed on June 15, 2018 .
  4. a b c Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Municipalities 1994 and their changes since 01.01.1948 in the new federal states ; Metzler-Poeschel publishing house, Stuttgart, 1995; ISBN 3-8246-0321-7
  5. ^ Sven Gückel: Museum director corrects the founding date of the city of Herzberg. In: Lausitzer Rundschau. July 16, 2009, accessed June 15, 2018 .
  6. Stephanie Kammer, Ulf Lehmann: Herzberg under the swastika. Photos. Facts. Documents. Verlag Bücherkammer, Herzberg 2019, ISBN 978-3-940635-62-4 .
  7. Historical municipality register of the state of Brandenburg 1875 to 2005. Elbe-Elster district. Pp. 18-21.
  8. Population in the state of Brandenburg from 1991 to 2015 according to independent cities, districts and municipalities , Table 7
  9. ^ Office for Statistics Berlin-Brandenburg (Ed.): Statistical Report AI 7, A II 3, A III 3. Population development and population status in the state of Brandenburg (respective editions of the month of December).
  10. ^ Result of the local election on May 26, 2019.
  11. a b Michael Oecknigk is not running for mayoral election. In: Lausitzer Rundschau . April 29, 2017.
  12. ^ Result of the mayoral election on September 24, 2017.
  13. Coat of arms information on the service portal of the state administration of Brandenburg
  14. a b c d honorary citizen on herzberg-elster.de
  15. ^ Andreas Hartmann, First Part of the Curriculi Vitae Lutheri (1600). In: Detlef Metz: The Protestant Drama. Evangelical spiritual theater in the Reformation and in the confessional age. Böhlau, Cologne 2013, p. 673.
  16. Anna Glaß on literaturport.de
  17. ^ Karl Michaelis on literaturport.de
  18. ^ Hugo Kaiser on literaturport.de