City of Herzberg (Elster)
|Height :||81 m above sea level NHN|
|Incorporation :||December 31, 2001|
|Postal code :||04916|
|Area code :||035363|
The listed church in Züllsdorf
Three streets connect the town in the south with the old post road Leipzig – Frankfurt (Oder), today's B 87 . With the two places Löhsten (3 km) and Döbrichau (5 km), Züllsdorf forms a large arable island in the middle of the Annaburg Heath . The landscape is an old marshland between the Elbe and the Schwarzer Elster . To the west of the village is the triangle between the federal states of Brandenburg , Saxony and Saxony-Anhalt .
Place name and first mention
The Angerdorf was first mentioned in a document in 1284. Presumably expanded by German-Flemish settlers, alongside a Sorbian indigenous population. Earlier spellings are: Czolstorff, Zulsdorff, Sulzdorf, Zülßdorf, Zilßdorf .
From the 15th century to 1815, Züllsdorf belonged to Lochau , which later became the office of Annaburg and thus to the Electorate of Saxony . In 1550, 22 “possessed men” lived here, including 18 coaches ( Hüfner ), 3 gardeners and 1 lieutenant judge .
In the Middle Ages, the settlements Erbleih, Friedewald and Große existed in the western part of the district, which have been mentioned as "desert brands" since 1550. Züllsdorf probably emerged from these settlements. The new settlement was also repeatedly destroyed in the many wars.
In addition to farming and meadow use, the inhabitants lived from the wood of the Annaburg Heath as well as from the extraction of lawn iron stone and from pitch burning. The names of the paths “Pechweg” and “Pechdamm” are still a reminder today. The Pechhütte was run for generations by the Schlobach families, who also provided several heads of office. In addition to the pitch burners, there were also a few Zeidler, the beekeepers of that time, because wax for the candles and honey for sweetening were very popular. From 1816 (after the Congress of Vienna ) the place belonged to the Torgau district and thus to the Prussian province of Saxony in the administrative district of Merseburg. After the political turnaround in 1990, the approx. 650 inhabitants (the largest part of the municipality of Herzberg apart from the core city) decided in 1992 to belong to Herzberg and thus to the state of Brandenburg.
Culture and sights
A separate church is documented for the place as early as 1339. A half-timbered building burned down in 1637 during the Thirty Years War . After the war a church was built again in 1670. This half-timbered building fell victim to a fire in 1855. A follow-up building was built on the village green for two years. The building that can be seen today is a neo-Gothic style church made of field stones, which was inaugurated in 1857. The then Torgau building inspector Dolscius was responsible for the designs. The church is now registered in the local register of monuments.
Another registered monument can be found at Züllsdorfer Mittelstrasse 2. It is a house built in 1821. At the rear of the half-timbered building is a stable building with an upper arbor.
- Züllsdorf in the RBB program Landschleicher on December 30, 2018
- City of Herzberg (Elster) - districts according to § 45 municipal constitution - inhabited districts - living spaces. In: service.brandenburg.de. Ministry of the Interior and Local Affairs of the State of Brandenburg, accessed on November 6, 2016 .
- Rudolf Matthies : History of the village Würdenhain . 1953 ( Online [accessed on March 14, 2015] Compiled as part of the National Reconstruction Work with subsequent additions by Ursula, Heinz and Matthias Lohse). Online ( Memento of the original from April 16, 2005 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Sybille Gramlich / Irmelin Küttner: Elbe-Elster district part 1: The city of Herzberg / Elster and the offices of Falkenberg / Uebigau, Herzberg, Schlieben and Schönewalde , p. 363, ISBN 978-3884621523
- Database of the Brandenburg State Office for the Preservation of Monuments and the State Archaeological Museum ( Memento of the original from December 9, 2017 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , accessed December 1, 2016.
- Georg Dehio: Handbook of German Art Monuments - Brandenburg . 2nd Edition. 2012, ISBN 978-3-422-03123-4 , pp. 1231 .