HMS Cambridge

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Several ships of the British Royal Navy and a naval artillery school were named HMS Cambridge after the English university city of Cambridge :

  • The first HMS Cambridge was a 3rd class ship of the line with 70 guns built in 1666 u. a. took part in the sea battles in Solebay (1672), Bantry Bay (1689), Beachy Head (1690) and Barfleur (1692) and sank in a storm near Gibraltar in 1694 .
  • The second HMS Cambridge was a 3rd class ship of the line with 80 guns that took part in the 1744 naval battle of Toulon , in 1759 in an attack on Martinique and in 1762 in the conquest of Havana . On it served Fletcher Christian and William Bligh , two main actors in the mutiny on the Bounty of 1789.
  • The third HMS Cambridge was a 3rd class ship of the line with 80 guns, which was put into service in 1815, used as an artillery training ship from 1858 and retired in 1868/69.
  • The fourth HMS Cambridge was originally called HMS Windsor Castle and was a 1st class ship of the line with 100 cannons and screw propulsion that entered service in 1858. In the course of its conversion into an artillery training ship, the Windsor Castle replaced the aforementioned Cambridge in 1869 and received its name. It was retired in 1908.
  • The Royal Navy Naval Artillery School , previously known as the Cambridge Gunnery School , which emerged from the two artillery training ships, was named HMS Cambridge in 1956 (although it was a facility on land). It was repealed in 2001.


  • William Laird Clowes et al. a .: The Royal Navy. A History from the Earliest Times to 1900 . Chatham Books, London 1996 (7 vols., Reprint of the London ed. 1897–1903).

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