Johann Aicholz

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Johann Aicholz , other naming conventions Johann Emerich Aichholz , also Aichholtz , (* around 1520 in Vienna ; † May 6, 1588 there ) was a doctor and botanist.

Live and act

Aicholz enrolled at the University of Vienna in 1538 and moved to the University of Wittenberg in 1543 , where he acquired the degree of master's degree in 1547 and converted to the Protestant faith. After a short stay in Vienna in 1550, he traveled to France as an educator and in 1555 to Padua in Italy . He obtained his doctorate in medicine and philosophy in Padua and settled in Vienna as a doctor in 1557. At the university there he received the professorship for anatomy and in 1558 became a member of the medical faculty as a Magister sanitatis.

Aicholz was dean of the University of Vienna five times and rector of the same in 1574. Through his call as a general practitioner, he was appointed to the court of Emperor Rudolf II in Prague . In Vienna, allegedly with Paul Fabricus, he laid out a botanical garden that the Dutch botanist Carl Clusius helped to develop. In this botanical garden, many rare plants were cultivated for the first time (e.g. potatoes ).

He left the city of Nuremberg 10,000 gold ducats, the interest of which was to be paid out to two medical students for six years for travel.