Dmitri Michailowitsch Poscharsky

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Poscharsky (left) with Kuzma Minin in a painting by Mikhail Ivanovich Skotti (1850)

Dmitry Pozharsky ( Russian Дмитрий Михайлович Пожарский ., Scientific transliteration Dmitrij Michajlovič Požarskij ; Polish Dymitr Pożarski * 1. November 1578 , † April 20 . Jul / 30th April  1642 greg. ) Was a prince of the Russian dynasty of Rurik and Leader of the popular uprising of the Russians against the Polish-Lithuanian occupation during the " Smuta " period of turmoil at the beginning of the 17th century.

Together with Kusma Minin, with the support of the Patriarch Philaret, he created an army of volunteers from Nizhny Novgorod , which he subsequently commanded. A Polish-Lithuanian army under Jan Karol Chodkiewicz was repulsed between August 21 and 24, 1612, and Moscow was freed from the occupation together with Moscow citizens in the autumn of 1612.

The Minin and Poscharsky monument on Red Square in front of St. Basil's Cathedral in Moscow commemorates him and Kusma Minin . In the 1620s, Poscharsky himself donated Moscow's Kazan Cathedral on Red Square to commemorate the victory .