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A case file , namely a complaint , is primarily referred to as a Libell . The Libell (from the Latin Libellus "little book", "small script") can, however, also be a document in book form, a short document, a controversy or a diatribe .

In ancient Rome , the dragonfly was the lawsuit filed in court. The term was used more frequently in the 16th century in the Holy Roman Empire and gained political significance in documents, especially in the Austrian part of the country . In modern law, the dragonfly is little used in practice and in linguistic usage.

The magazine of the Brandenburg Green League has been called Libell since 1997 .


The following list gives some important examples (without claiming to be exhaustive) :

  • On April 10, 1510, the Augsburg Libell documented negotiations in the Reichstag in Augsburg on Austrian affairs. The local court was dissolved and the Lower Austrian government moved from Enns to Vienna .
  • On June 23, 1511 the Tyrolean Landlibell was created, a summary of the defense and property tax system as well as other legal issues for the area of ​​the County of Tyrol .
  • On May 24, 1518 Innsbruck three dragonfly were with the approval of Emperor I. Maximilian written. The first was the "imperial majesty court order and other considerations". Among other things, the rules according to which the Reichshofrat worked were updated here. The second Innsbruck Libell dealt with armaments for national defense, the third with “common complaints”, in which financial issues were regulated.
  • Hieronymus Vehus submitted a dragonfly to the Augsburg Diet of 1530 for its deliberations, which showed positions in the religious dispute. Vehus pleaded at the Reichstag for an initially political solution until the council to be convened by the Pope made a final decision on the issue.
  • In 1562, Emperor Ferdinand I's Reformation dragonfly contained his remarks on questions of faith for the Council of Trent .
  • In the Grazer Libell of February 24, 1572 (also known as the Graz Religious Pacification), Archduke Charles II granted the provincial estates of Inner Austria full freedom of conscience and religious practice on the condition of obeying him.
  • Around six years later, on February 9, 1578, Archduke Charles II granted freedom of belief and conscience in the Brucker Libell to the cities and markets of Inner Austria. The Brucker Libell contained an express rejection of the Calvinist faith by the estates attached to the Augsburg Confession .

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Meyer's Großes Konversations-Lexikon, Volume 12. Leipzig 1908, p. 504.
  2. Brockhaus' Kleines Konversations-Lexikon, fifth edition, volume 2. Leipzig 1911., p. 53.