University of Toronto

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University of Toronto
motto Velut arbor ævo

(Like a tree over time)

founding March 15, 1827
Sponsorship state
place Toronto , CanadaCanadaCanada 
president Meric Gertler
Students 73.185
Employee 9,845 employees (professors, academic staff, administration, etc.)
Annual budget $ 1.4 billion $
844.5 million in third-party funding
Networks AAU , ACU , AUCC , U15 , IAU , URA , CARL , OUA

The University of Toronto (also U of T , UToronto , or simply Toronto ) is Canada's largest university . She is a member of the Association of American Universities , an association of leading research-intensive North American universities that has existed since 1900.

It was founded in 1827 and currently has around 59,000 full-time students and around 11,000 employees. In a 2010 by the magazine Times Higher Education conducted ranking it ranked 19 among the best universities in the world.

The university has a budget of approximately $ 1.4 billion annually. It also receives third-party funding of $ 844.5 million for research. A network of several university libraries has a total of over 15 million media and is one of the four largest research libraries in North America . The central and largest library in this network is the Robarts Library with 4.8 million books. The University's Archives for the Development of Insulin was declared a World Document Heritage in 2013 .

The Soldiers' Tower on campus as a memorial to the soldiers who fell during the World Wars


The foundation that took place on March 15, 1827 under the name King's College at York was initiated by the Anglican Bishop of Toronto John Strachan (1778-1867). Initially, the facility was Anglican-oriented, and religious neutrality was introduced in 1848. The college was named University of Toronto in 1849.

One of several university-college buildings on campus
Location map of the University of Toronto campus


Ontario Institute for Studies in Education
  • Faculty of Arts and Science (department for humanities and natural sciences )
    • Innis College (Communication and Media)
    • New College
    • St. Michael's College ( Catholic College )
    • Trinity College ( Anglican College )
    • University College
    • Victoria College
    • Woodsworth College
  • Faculty of Applied Science and Engineering
  • Faculty of Architecture, Landscape and Design (Department of Architecture , Landscape and Design)
  • Faculty of Music (Department of Musicology)
  • Faculty of Forestry
  • Faculty of Information (Department of Information Technology)
  • Faculty of Medicine (Department of Medical Sciences)
  • Faculty of Nursing (Department of Nursing Sciences)
  • Faculty of Pharmacy (Department of Pharmacy )
  • Faculty of Dentistry
  • Faculty of Physical Education and Health (Department of Psychology)
  • Dalla Lana School of Public Health
  • School of Public Policy and Governance
  • Faculty of Law (Department of Law )
  • Rotman School of Management (Department of Economics)
  • Ontario Institute for Studies in Education
  • Faculty of Social Work (Department of Social Work )
  • Toronto School of Theology (Department of Theology)

Campus facilities

The university has three campuses and two sites where only research is carried out.

  • St. George (Downtown Toronto) campus with 52,296 students
  • University of Toronto Scarborough campus with 10,465 students
  • University of Toronto Mississauga campus with 10,924 students
  • Institute for Aerospace Studies in north-west Toronto
  • Koffler Scientific Reserve at Jokers Hill, King Township

The largest university campus is located approximately 2 km north of the Financial District in downtown Toronto and south of the Yorkville boroughs and the popular student residential area The Annex. The campus is 71 acres and is bordered by Bay Street, Bloor Street, Spadina Avenue and College Street. On campus is Queens Park , which belongs to the university and is home to the Ontario Parliament building and other historic buildings. With its green spaces, the university campus forms a contrast to downtown Toronto. Many festivities are held on University Avenue, which runs along Queen's Park and all the way to Front Street . The Toronto subway stations Spadina, St. George, Museum, Bay and Queen's Park are in the vicinity.

The architecture of the buildings, which are located in the eastern and central part of the campus and were built between 1858–1929, is a combination of Romanesque and Neo-Gothic . The traditional heart of the university, the Front Campus, is in the center of the campus, surrounded by a large green space known as King's College Circle. The Centrepiece is the main university building on campus. It was built in the Norman style in 1857 . In 1968 the building was placed under monument protection. The Convocation Hall, completed in 1907, is known for its domed roof and Ionic order . Various events and graduation ceremonies are held in this hall. The sandstone buildings of Knox College embody the North American variety of neo-Gothic.

After the Second World War , several buildings in the more modern international style were erected to the west of the campus. There are mainly laboratories and administrative offices. The most significant example of the transformation of architecture to brutalism is the massive building of the Robarts Library Complex , which was built in 1972 and opened in 1973.


The discovery of the stem cell of McCulloch and Till is now the basis for all stem cell research

Since 1926 the University of Toronto has been a member of the Association of American Universities , a consortium of leading North American research universities. The university has the largest research budget of any university in Canada, which was $ 845 million in 2008.

The provincial government is the largest source of research funding. Recipients include research institutes such as the Canadian Institutes of Health Research , the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council, and the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council , which receive a third of the research budget. Around 8% of corporate research funds come from the health and medical sectors.

The first practically usable electron microscope was built by the physics department in 1938. During the Second World War , the university developed the G-Suit , which is worn by pilots of faster planes in order to counteract the g-forces. Research into infrared chemiluminescence made it possible to observe the occurrence of energies in chemical reactions for the first time. In 1963 the asteroid (2104) Toronto was discovered by the David Dunlap Observatory in Richmond Hill and named after the university.

In 1972 studies on the X-ray binary star Cygnus X-1 detected black holes . The astronomers in Toronto discovered the Uranus moons Caliban and Sycorax , as well as the dwarf galaxies of Andromeda I, II and III. As a pioneer of computer technology, the university developed the UTEC in 1950 , one of the first computers that could cope with higher computing power. In 1921 insulin was developed at the University of Toronto, which was groundbreaking for the medical community.

The University of Toronto represents the highest concentration of research and is home to the world's largest settlement of biotechnology companies. More than 5,000 researchers reside near the Discovery District on the University of Toronto campus. The MaRS Discovery District is a university research park and administers the university's patents. In 2008, 159 inventions and 114 start-ups were founded. The SciNet Consortium operates the most powerful supercomputer outside the United States.

The university is also heavily involved in aerospace research. The University of Toronto Institute for Aerospace Studies researches new technologies, develops and builds its own satellites as well as aerospace components for national and international projects.

Facilities on campus

The Hart House, center of cultural events

Student media

The Varsity is one of the oldest student newspapers. It has been published weekly since 1880 and contains current information on e.g. B. Hart House events. The Newspaper has been launched in 1978. There is also the campus radio station CIUT-FM and a small television station on which student productions are broadcast.

Student dormitories

Each college at the University of Toronto has its own dormitories and dining rooms (except Woodsworth College, which does not have a dining room). On the campus there are smaller apartments for 6,400 students, which are mainly given to newly enrolled students because the students in higher semesters live outside the campus. Popular residential areas include The Annex and Harbord Village . In 2004 the university bought a neighboring hotel building, which since then has provided additional living space as the “Chestnut Residence”.

International rankings and collaborations

The university was ranked 20th in the Times Higher Education ranking in 2014 . Furthermore, according to the Shanghai Ranking 2011 with the Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU), the university was ranked 26th. According to a web ranking in 2019, it is ranked 23rd worldwide and 1st in Canada. The University of Toronto cooperates in Germany with the Goethe University in Frankfurt am Main. Both cities are linked by a longstanding partnership.


The Varsity Blues teams represent the University of Toronto at university level in the OUA leagues within the CIS . The Eagles represent the Mississauga campus in the CCAA (Conference: OCAA ).

Personalities and alumni

Nobel Prize Winner


Book publications

  • Claude T. Bissell (1974): Halfway up Parnassus: A Personal Account of the University of Toronto. University of Toronto Press, ISBN 0-8020-2172-7 .
  • Ann Rochon Ford (1985): A Path Not Strewn with Roses. University of Toronto Press, ISBN 0-8020-3999-5 .
  • Martin L. Friedland (2002): The University of Toronto: A History. University of Toronto Press, ISBN 0-8020-4429-8 .
  • Charles Morden Levi (2003): Comings and Goings. McGill-Queen's University Press, ISBN 0-7735-2442-8 .
  • A. Brian McKillop (1994): Matters of Mind. University of Toronto Press, ISBN 0-8020-7216-X .
  • John G. Slater (2005): Minerva's Aviary: Philosophy at Toronto. University of Toronto Press, ISBN 0-8020-3870-0 .
  • W. Stewart Wallace (1927): A History of the University of Toronto, 1827-1927. University of Toronto Press.

Web links

Commons : University of Toronto  - Collection of Images, Videos, and Audio Files

Individual evidence

  2. ^ The World University Rankings 2011 . Retrieved July 29, 2012.
  3. Quick Facts . Archived from the original on June 21, 2011. Retrieved June 19, 2011.
  4. ^ The Discovery of Insulin and its Worldwide Impact. UNESCO - Memory of the World, June 2013, accessed July 12, 2014 .
  5. Investing in the Landscape: Open Space Master Plan for University of Toronto St. George Campus: Introduction. In: Archived from the original on June 29, 2011 ; accessed on June 19, 2011 (English).
  6. ^ Dennis Duffy: As Canadian as a Snowflake. In: Retrieved June 19, 2011 .
  7. Canada's Top 50 Research Universities List 2008 - Analysis (PDF; 110 kB) Archived from the original on July 15, 2011. Retrieved June 19, 2011.
  8. ^ Ranking of Canada's law schools. The page in the archive does not provide the specified data. ( Memento from September 27, 2010 in the Internet Archive )
  9. ^ How U of T Research is Funded . Archived from the original on May 21, 2011. Retrieved June 19, 2011.
  10. Inventor of the Week: Archives . Retrieved June 19, 2011.
  11. Lydia Dotto: Canada's Aviation Medicine Pioneers (PDF; 649 kB) Retrieved June 19, 2011.
  12. ^ Press Release: The 1986 Nobel Prize in Chemistry . Retrieved June 19, 2011.
  13. ^ Royal Astronomical Society of Canada . Retrieved June 19, 2011.
  14. Two New Moons Of Uranus Discovered . November 1, 1997. Retrieved June 19, 2011.
  15. ^ Multi-Touch Systems that I Have Known and Loved . Retrieved June 19, 2011.
  16. ^ Lawrence K. Altman, The Tumultuous Discovery of Insulin: Finally, Hidden Story Is Told . In: The New York Times , September 14, 1982. Retrieved June 19, 2011. 
  17. Cheng, Alice YY; Zinman, Bernard (2002). "Insulin Analogues and the Treatment of Diabetes". Diabetes: From Research to Diagnosis and Treatment. Informa Health Care. ISBN 1-84184-151-X
  18. ^ Nature Status . Retrieved June 19, 2011.
  19. Omar El Akkad: Canada's monster computer roars to life . June 17, 2009. Retrieved June 19, 2011.
  20. World University Rankings 2014-2015 - Times Higher Education., accessed February 9, 2015 .
  21. Shanhai Ranking 2011 , accessed June 29, 2012.
  22. [1] , accessed December 8, 2019.

Coordinates: 43 ° 39 ′ 47 "  N , 79 ° 23 ′ 46"  W.