|motto||Grandescunt aucta laboratories|
|place||Montreal ( Canada )|
|Employee||5947 scientific staff|
|Networks||AAU , CARL , UArktis , URA , RSEQ , U15 , Universitas 21|
The founding of McGill University in 1821 was largely made possible by the estate of James McGill, who left the newly founded Royal Institute for the Advancement of Learning (RIAL) generous funding to establish a university. In 1829 the first courses were held in the former McGills country house. In 1884, four women were admitted to the university for the first time, including Canada's first female professor, Carrie Derick , who taught botany at McGill. Large donations made the establishment on today's campus possible and could attract important scientists like Ernest Rutherford to the university at the turn of the century .
McGill University offers approximately 300 courses in 11 faculties.
- Faculty of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences ( Agricultural Sciences and Environmental Sciences )
- Faculty of Arts ( humanities )
- School of Continuing Studies ( training )
- Faculty of Dentistry ( dentistry )
- Faculty of Education ( Education )
- Faculty of Engineering ( Engineering )
- Graduate and Postdoctoral Studies ( Graduate College )
- Faculty of Law ( Law )
- Desautels Faculty of Management ( Business Administration )
- Faculty of Medicine ( Medicine )
- Schulich School of Music ( musicology )
- Faculty of Religious Studies ( Religious Studies )
- Faculty of Science ( Natural Science )
In the 2006 winter term, a total of 33,258 students were enrolled at McGill University, 23,559 of them at the undergraduate level and 7,375 at the graduate level . Overall, 56.9% of students are from Québec, 24.4% from the rest of Canada, and 6,183 (18.9%) are international students.
On the list of the international university rankings ( World's Best Universities ) of 2011/12, it is among the best universities in Canada - as in previous decades - in first place, among the top universities in the world it is in 17 among the best courses of philosophy , sociology , medicine and psychology worldwide to 18, 15, 13 and 10 respectively. McGill is a member of the Association of American Universities , an association of leading research-intensive North American universities that has existed since 1900. She is also a member of the University of the Arctic . She was instrumental in the development of North American sport, for example in the invention and history of ice hockey .
Professors / lecturers
- Kevin Dean (born 1954), musician
- Dimitri Dimakopoulos (1929–1995), architecture professor
- Donald O. Hebb (1904-1985), Professor of Psychology
- John Peters Humphrey (1905-1995), lawyer
- John David Jackson (1925-2016), physicist
- Jan Jarczyk (1947–2014), jazz composition, jazz studies
- Hans Jonas (1903-1993), philosopher
- Raymond Klibansky (1905–2005), philosophy professor
- Peter Leuprecht (* 1937), lawyer (international law and human rights)
- Lars T. Lih (* 1947), musicologist and historian
- Henry Mintzberg (* 1939), economics professor (graduated in 1962)
- William Osler (1849-1919), medic
- Jennifer Stoddart (* 1949), lawyer (acting Canadian data protection officer)
- Charles Taylor (* 1931), philosopher and historian of ideas
- William Lloyd Garrison William (1888–1976), mathematician
- Sir John Abbott (1821-1893) Prime Minister of Canada, graduated in 1854
- Mike Babcock (* 1963), Canadian ice hockey coach and member of the Triple Gold Club , graduated in 1987
- Burt Bacharach (* 1928), American pianist and composer, graduated in 1948
- Kate Biscoe (* 1970), American makeup artist
- Zbigniew Brzeziński (1928–2017), US political scientist and security advisor under Jimmy Carter , graduated in 1950
- Leonard Cohen (1934-2016), Canadian singer, graduated in 1955
- James Creighton (1850–1930), founder of the ice hockey rules , graduated in 1880
- Laurent Duvernay-Tardif (born 1991), Canadian football player, MD 2018
- Jake Eberts (1941–2012), film producer ( Gandhi , Who Dances With Wolves ), graduated in 1962
- Alison Gopnik (* 1955), developmental psychologist, graduated in 1975
- Sir Wilfrid Laurier (1841-1919), Prime Minister of Canada, graduated in 1864
- Danny Miller (* 1947), Professor of Strategy at HEC Montreal
- Paul Moller (* 1936), developer and inventor of the Moller Skycar , PhD 1964
- James Naismith (1861–1939), inventor of basketball , graduated in 1887
- Ahmad Nazif (* 1952), Prime Minister of Egypt , PhD 1983
- Trevor W. Payne (* 1948), Canadian musician
- Steven Pinker (* 1954), psychologist, graduated in 1976
- Martin Raff (* 1938), Canadian neurologist and cell and molecular biologist, graduated in 1963
- Moshe Safdie (* 1938), Israeli architect, graduated in 1961
- William Shatner (born 1931), Canadian film actor ( Star Trek ), graduated in 1952
- Charles Taylor (* 1931), Canadian philosopher, graduated in 1952
- Lionel Tiger (born 1937), anthropologist
- Justin Trudeau (* 1971), politician and leader of the Liberal Party, current Prime Minister of Canada
- Vaira Vīķe-Freiberga (* 1937), former Latvian President, PhD 1965
- Changpeng Zhao , Sino-Canadian businessman, founder of Binance
- The research group led by Thomas Chang succeeded end of the 1980s , made of plastic, a blood vessel with a similar function to replicate.
- John Peters Humphrey (1905–1995), drafted the declaration of human rights on behalf of the United Nations , which was approved and promulgated in December 1948.
- Ronald Melzack (1929–2019), psychologist, published a pain theory for the first time in 1965 (together with Patrick D. Wall ) .
- Wilder Penfield (1891–1976) created a functionally structured division of the brain for the first time .
- Sir Ernest Rutherford (1871–1937) published work on radioactivity , which became the basis for atomic physics .
McGill University receives more than half of the research funding (2005: CAD 423.05 million ) from the Canadian state. Almost a quarter each come from the province of Québec and from private donors, foundations or investors. In 2005/06, McGill granted 27 patents for research results.
Canada's oldest medical school was founded in 1832. Today, in addition to the McGill University Health Center (MUHC) with six clinics, three other large hospitals are Montréals training locations for almost 1,000 medical graduates annually. Over 500 employees have nearly 100 million CAD in research funding, making McGill by far the largest medical institution in the province of Québec.
Montreal Neurological Institute
The Montreal Neurological Institute (MNI) was founded by Wilder Penfield in 1934 as a hospital and research institute. The first brain mapping studies and the pioneering of imaging procedures and studies on patients with brain damage made the MNI a globally recognized and leading institution in neuroscience .
The following researchers have done work at the MNI:
- Frederick Andermann (1930–2019), neurologist and epileptologist
- Herbert Jasper (1906–1999), psychologist, neuroscientist and epileptologist
- Brenda Milner (* 1918), neuropsychologist
- Wilder Penfield (1891-1976), neurosurgeon
- Theodore Rasmussen (1910–2002), neurologist and neurosurgeon
Since 1912, McGill graduates or active students have participated in every Olympic Games and have won a total of 25 Olympic medals . The importance of the university for the development of North American sport goes far beyond that. Many sporting inventions go back to McGill, such as North American football , ice hockey , rugby (the first North American game in Montreal ) and basketball .
In the 1880s, McGill had a decisive influence on the development of three of the four most important North American team sports . Two games by McGill's team against Harvard's selection in May and October 1874 under the McGill rules named McGill's rule for rugby are considered the first games of both American and Canadian football , which subsequently led to the spread of American football in the Ivy League led. In the 1880s, a set of rules for ice hockey was developed and written down at McGill , which became the McGill rules as the first standard of the game, which was already then known as the "Canadian national pastime". In addition, the physical education teacher and later inventor of basketball James Naismith was a student of McGills.
The university's sports teams compete in the OUA (only in men's ice hockey) and RSEQ (all other sports) of the Canadian Interuniversity Sport . The women's teams compete under the name Martlets . Until 2019, the men's teams competed under the name McGill Redmen . However, this name has been perceived as racist by many students as it is discriminatory to the First Nations community . A new name is to be announced at the beginning of the 2019/2020 season.
The in-house science publisher, which is common in US-Canadian university operations, is run jointly with Queen's University from Kingston and is therefore called "McGill-Queen's University Press" and is represented at both locations.
- Official website of McGill University (English, French)
- QS World University Rankings from 2011/12 of March 22, 2012 ( memento of the original from October 1, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Canada's McGill University was the highest placed outside of the US and UK at 17th
- Archived copy ( memento of the original from October 20, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Archived copy ( Memento of the original dated December 6, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Archived copy ( memento of the original from November 20, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Archived copy ( Memento of the original from October 16, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Watkins, Robert E .: A History of Canadian University Football , CISfootball.org , May 2006, accessed May 18, 2008.
- "McGill Redmen Game Notes for Ottawa & Clarkson - Upcoming Milestone" ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as broken. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , "McGill Athletics," January 5, 2007, accessed May 4, 2008.
- Historical Rugby Milestones , RugbyFootballHistory.com
- A History of Canadian University Football ( Memento of the original from April 12, 2008 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , Robert E. Watkins
- Athletics ( Memento of the original from August 22, 2006 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , Viewbook 2005-2006 .
- Andrei S. Markovots, Steven L. Hellerman: Offside - Football in American sports culture . Hamburg 2002, ISBN 3-930908-78-6 , p. 129 f . (Original title: Offside: Soccer an American Exceptionalism .).
- "History of American Football" , NEWSdial.com , 2008, accessed May 18, 2008.
- Doug Lennox: Now You Know Big Book of Sports . Dundurn Press Ltd., August 31, 2009, ISBN 978-1-55488-454-4 , pp. 12ff. (Retrieved June 10, 2011).
- Markovots, Hellerman, pp. 160f.
- Markovots, Hellerman, S. 146th
- Canadian University Changing Their Official Team Name After Students Called Them Racist , Narcity.com, April 12, 2019, accessed April 12, 2019.